@MISC{Ferreira_apseudo-photon, author = {P. Castelo Ferreira}, title = {A Pseudo-Photon in Non-Trivial Background}, year = {} }

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Abstract

We show that in the presence of external fields for which either ˙ B ext = 0 or ∇ × E ext = 0 it is not possible to derive the classical Maxwell equations from an action with only one gauge field. We suggest that one possible solution is to consider a second physical pseudo-vector gauge field C. The action for this theory is originally motivated by the inclusion of magnetic monopoles. These particles play no role in this work and our argument is only based in, that the violation of the Bianchi identities, cannot be accounted at the action level with only the standard gauge field. We give a particular example for a periodic rotating external magnetic field. Our construction holds that at classical level both the vector and pseudo-vector gauge fields A and C are regular. We compare pseudo-photon with paraphoton (graviphoton) theories concluding that, besides the mechanisms of gauge symmetry already studied by the authors, the Bianchi identities violation are a crucial difference between both theories. We also show that the effects in PVLAS experiment due to the inclusion of pseudo-photons cannot be distinguished from the usual classical induced electric and magnetic fields due to the standard Maxwell equations. Therefore, although this kind of optical experiments cannot test the existence of pseudo-photons, they do not exclude its existence. PACS: 03.50.De, 12.20.m,11.15.-q