@MISC{Tao_onk-skip, author = {Yufei Tao and Cheng Sheng and Jian Pei}, title = {On k-skip Shortest Paths}, year = {} }

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Abstract

Given two vertices s, t in a graph, let P be the shortest path (SP) from s to t, and P ⋆ a subset of the vertices in P. P ⋆ is a k-skip shortest path from s to t, if it includes at least a vertex out of every k consecutive vertices in P. In general, P ⋆ succinctly describes P by sampling the vertices in P with a rate of at least 1/k. This makes P ⋆ a natural substitute in scenarios where reporting every single vertex of P is unnecessary or even undesired. This paper studies k-skip SP computation in the context of spatial network databases (SNDB). Our technique has two properties crucial for real-time query processing in SNDB. First, our solution is able to answer k-skip queries significantly faster than finding the original SPs in their entirety. Second, the previous objective is achieved with a structure that occupies less space than storing the underlying road network. The proposed algorithms are the outcome of a careful theoretical analysis that reveals valuable insight into the characteristics of the k-skip SP problem. Their efficiency has been confirmed by extensive experiments with real data.