#### DMCA

## and Theoretical Results (1995)

### Citations

124 | Correlating Equations for Laminar and Turbulent Free Convection From a Vertical Plate”, - Churchill, Chu - 1975 |

20 | The Measurement of Natural Convective Heat Transfer in Triangular Enclosures," - Flack, Konopnicki, et al. - 1979 |

19 | Thermal Control of Electronic Equipment and Devices, - Peterson, Ortega - 1990 |

13 |
Thermal Management of Electronic Components with Dielectric Liquids,
- Bar-Cohen
- 1993
(Show Context)
Citation Context ...low specified maximum service temperatures (Petersonsand Ortega, 1990). Currently, thermal control is typically maintained by direct air cooling or by indirect liquid or air coolings(Incropera, 1988; =-=Bar-Cohen, 1991-=-). However, implementationsof such cooling schemes for a powerful workstation or desktopscomputer would require a coolant distribution system, whichsincludes a fan or pump and associated duct or plumb... |

12 |
An Experimental Study of Natural Convection in a Vertical Cavity With Discrete Heat Sources,"
- Keyhani, Prasad, et al.
- 1988
(Show Context)
Citation Context ...or watersheater area, three-dimensional models are necessary to obtainsaccurate heat transfer predictions.sExperimental Results: FC-77. To confirm that heat transfer is independent of Prandtl number (=-=Keyhani et al., 1988-=-a, b;sShen et al , 1989; Prasad et al , 1990; Polentini et al., 1993),sadditional experiments were performed using FC-77 (Pr ra 25),sa fluorocarbon manufactured by 3M Co. Figure 7 shows thesnondimensi... |

10 |
Natural convection from two-dimensional discrete heat sources in rectangular enclosure.
- Chadwick, Webb, et al.
- 1991
(Show Context)
Citation Context ...words: Electronic Equipment, EnclosuresFlows, Natural Convection. Associate Technical Editor: J. R. Lloyd.salso been addressed by other investigators (Cesini et al., 1988;sRefai and Yovanovich, 1990; =-=Chadwick et al., 1991-=-), revealingssimilar trends.sUsing strip heaters mounted to one vertical wall, Keyhanisand co-workers performed various experimental and numericalsstudies to investigate two-dimensional heat transfer ... |

6 | The Effect of Heater Size - Chu, Churchill, et al. - 1976 |

6 |
Laminar Natural Convection in a Rectangular Enclosure Due to a Heated Protrusion on One Vertical Wall—Part II: Numerical Simulations,"
- Lee, Liu, et al.
- 1987
(Show Context)
Citation Context ...nd Prandtl number forswater (Pr » 5) and FC-77 (Pr » 25).sAdditional studies involving discrete heat sources mountedsto one vertical cavity wall with cooled horizontal walls havesalso been performed (=-=Lee et al., 1987-=-; Carmona and Keyhani,s1989; Keyhani et al., 1991; Joshi et al., 1991; Mukutmoni etsal., 1993). With horizontal cold plates, the cavity aspect ratiosis an important parameter since heat transfer is in... |

6 |
Influence of Discrete Heat Source Location on Natural Convection Heat Transfer in a Vertical Square Enclosure,"
- Refai, Yovanovich
- 1991
(Show Context)
Citation Context ...sion received July 1995. Keywords: Electronic Equipment, EnclosuresFlows, Natural Convection. Associate Technical Editor: J. R. Lloyd.salso been addressed by other investigators (Cesini et al., 1988;s=-=Refai and Yovanovich, 1990-=-; Chadwick et al., 1991), revealingssimilar trends.sUsing strip heaters mounted to one vertical wall, Keyhanisand co-workers performed various experimental and numericalsstudies to investigate two-dim... |

5 |
Natural Convection Heat Transfer From Array of Rectangular Protrusions in a Enclosure Filled with Dielectric Fluid,” Heat Transfer Enhancement
- Joshi, Kelleher, et al.
- 1991
(Show Context)
Citation Context ...l studies involving discrete heat sources mountedsto one vertical cavity wall with cooled horizontal walls havesalso been performed (Lee et al., 1987; Carmona and Keyhani,s1989; Keyhani et al., 1991; =-=Joshi et al., 1991-=-; Mukutmoni etsal., 1993). With horizontal cold plates, the cavity aspect ratiosis an important parameter since heat transfer is influenced bysthe total cold plate surface area.sDespite the foregoing ... |

5 |
Free Convection Heat Transfer from Discrete Heat Sources in a Vertical Cavity,"
- Keyhani, Prasad, et al.
- 1988
(Show Context)
Citation Context ...or watersheater area, three-dimensional models are necessary to obtainsaccurate heat transfer predictions.sExperimental Results: FC-77. To confirm that heat transfer is independent of Prandtl number (=-=Keyhani et al., 1988-=-a, b;sShen et al , 1989; Prasad et al , 1990; Polentini et al., 1993),sadditional experiments were performed using FC-77 (Pr ra 25),sa fluorocarbon manufactured by 3M Co. Figure 7 shows thesnondimensi... |

4 | Numerical Study of Problems on High-intensive Free Convection, Heat transfer and Turbulent Buoyant Convection - Berkovsky, Polevikov - 1977 |

4 | Laminar Natural Convection in a Discretely Heated Cavity: II—Comparisons of Experimental and Theoretical Results,"
- Heindel, Incropera, et al.
- 1995
(Show Context)
Citation Context ... natural convection from a 3 X 3 array of discrete heat sources flush-mounted onsone vertical wall of a rectangular cavity and cooled by the opposing wall. Predictionssperformed in a companion paper (=-=Heindel et al, 1995-=-a) revealed that three-dimensional edge effects are significant and that, with increasing Rayleigh number, flow andsheat transfer become more uniform across each heater face. The three-dimensionalspre... |

4 |
The Aspect Ratio Effect on Natural Convection in an Enclosure with Protruding Heat Sources," Presented at the AIAA/ASME Thermophysics and Heat Transfer Conference,
- Keyhani, Chen, et al.
- 1990
(Show Context)
Citation Context ...7 (Pr » 25).sAdditional studies involving discrete heat sources mountedsto one vertical cavity wall with cooled horizontal walls havesalso been performed (Lee et al., 1987; Carmona and Keyhani,s1989; =-=Keyhani et al., 1991-=-; Joshi et al., 1991; Mukutmoni etsal., 1993). With horizontal cold plates, the cavity aspect ratiosis an important parameter since heat transfer is influenced bysthe total cold plate surface area.sDe... |

4 | Three-Dimensional Transient Natural Convective Flow in a Rectangular Enclosure With Localized Heating," - Kuhn, Oosthuizen - 1986 |

3 | The Cavity Width Effect on Immersion Cooling of Discrete Flush-Heaters on One Vertical Wall of an Enclosure Cooled from the Top - Carmona, Keyhani - 1989 |

3 |
Single-Phase Thermosyphon Cooling of an Array of Discrete Heat Sources in a Rectangular Cavity,"
- Polentini, Ramadhyani, et al.
- 1993
(Show Context)
Citation Context ...tainsaccurate heat transfer predictions.sExperimental Results: FC-77. To confirm that heat transfer is independent of Prandtl number (Keyhani et al., 1988a, b;sShen et al , 1989; Prasad et al , 1990; =-=Polentini et al., 1993-=-),sadditional experiments were performed using FC-77 (Pr ra 25),sa fluorocarbon manufactured by 3M Co. Figure 7 shows thesnondimensionalized results for 6 X 107 < Ra, < 1.2 X 108sFig. 7 Experimental v... |

3 | Free Convection in a Discretely Heated Vertical Enclosure: Effects of Prandtl Number and Cavity Size - Prasad, Keyhani, et al. - 1990 |

3 | Transient Natural Convection From a Leadless Chip Carrier in a Liquid Filled Enclosure:
- Wroblewski, Joshi
- 1992
(Show Context)
Citation Context ...imulations. The opposite wall is maintained isothermal and the remaining (top and bottom) walls are assumedsadiabatic. Since symmetry has been demonstrated in previoussthree-dimensional calculations (=-=Wroblewski and Joshi, 1992-=-,s1994) a plane of symmetry was numerically prescribed at x =sD/2 to reduce the computational domain by a factor of two.sDetails of the mathematical model and related numerical procedures are describe... |

2 |
Experimental and Numerical Investigation on Natural Convection in Square Enclosures with a Non-Uniformly Heated Vertical Surface,"
- Cesini, Paromcini, et al.
- 1988
(Show Context)
Citation Context ...n Decembers1994; revision received July 1995. Keywords: Electronic Equipment, EnclosuresFlows, Natural Convection. Associate Technical Editor: J. R. Lloyd.salso been addressed by other investigators (=-=Cesini et al., 1988-=-;sRefai and Yovanovich, 1990; Chadwick et al., 1991), revealingssimilar trends.sUsing strip heaters mounted to one vertical wall, Keyhanisand co-workers performed various experimental and numericalsst... |

2 |
A Numerical and Experimental Study of Three-Dimensional Natural Convection in a Discretely Heated Cavity,"
- Heindel
- 1994
(Show Context)
Citation Context ...dissipated by heater (i,j), assmeasured from voltage and current readings. The conjugatescorrection factor, r\, was ascertained through a three-dimensional conjugate analysis of the entire test cell (=-=Heindel, 1994-=-).sValues of r\ ranged from 0.78 S ;; 5 0.91 for water and 0.58sS 77 S 0.74 for FC-77. A detailed description of these calculations can be found in Heindel et al. (1995b).sEstimated uncertainties in t... |

2 | Computations for a Three-by-Three Array of Protrusions Cooled by Liquid Immersion: Effect of Enclosure Width," - Mukutmoni, Joshi, et al. - 1993 |

2 | Effect of Aspect Ratio and Size of Heat Source on Free Convection in a Discretely Heated Vertical Cavity”, Numerical Simulation of Convection - Shen, V, et al. - 1989 |

2 | Liquid Immersion Cooling of a Substrate-Mounted Protrusion in a Three-Dimensional Enclosure: The Effects of Geometry and Boundary Conditions," - Wroblewski, Joshi - 1994 |