#### DMCA

## ASSESSMENT OF SOIL – STRUCTURE – EARTHQUAKE INTERACTION (2008)

### Citations

196 | Equation for estimating horizontal response spectra and peak acceleration from Western North American earthquakes: a summary of recent - Boore, Joiner, et al. - 1997 |

182 | Empirical response spectral attenuation relations for shallow crustal earthquakes - Abrahamson, Silva - 1997 |

162 |
SHAKE: A computer program for earthquake response analysis of horizontally layered sites
- Schnabel, Lysmer, et al.
- 1972
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Citation Context ...HAKE 91 (Idriss and Sun, 1993) is the most commonly used, thus calibratedssoftware for the 1-D equivalent linear analysis of dynamic soil response. It is asslightly modified version of program SHAKE (=-=Schnabel, et al., 1973-=-), whichsemploys an incrementally linear (equivalent linear) total stress based analysis for thesresponse estimation of horizontally layered visco-elastic soil systems subjected tosvertically propagat... |

143 |
Simplified procedure for evaluating soil liquefaction potential
- Seed, Idriss
- 1971
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Citation Context ...edure for determining maximum shear stress, (τmax)r, (Seed andsIdriss, 1982) .......................................................................................... 18sFigure 2.3-5. Proposed rd by =-=Seed and Idriss, 1971-=-................................................... 19sFigure 2.3-6. Variations of stress reduction coefficient with depth and earthquakesmagnitude (Idriss, 1999) ........................................ |

123 | Soil moduli and damping factors for dynamic response analyses - Seed, Idriss - 1970 |

83 |
The strength and dilatancy of sands
- Bolton
- 1986
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Citation Context ...foundation elements, and finally foundation soil type and state. Additionally, if onesremembers that the dilatational response of soils is suppressed by the increase insmean effective stresses (e.g.: =-=Bolton, 1986-=-), application of a foundation load canssimply affect the pore pressure response during both static and cyclic loading. Thus,sfor a rigorous assessment of cyclic response, it is necessary to accuratel... |

71 | Ground motions and soil liquefaction during earthquakes - Seed, Idriss - 1982 |

66 | Finite dynamic model for infinite media - Lysmer, Kuhlemeyer - 1969 |

64 |
Liquefaction and flow failure during earthquakes
- Ishihara
- 1993
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Citation Context ...l strength. They are basedson back analyses of liquefaction induced ground failure case histories (Seed, 1987;sDavis et al, 1988; Seed and Harder, 1990; Robertson et al., 1992; Stark and Mesri,s1992; =-=Ishihara, 1993-=-; Wride et al., 1999; Olson and Stark, 2002; Olson and Stark,s2003).sThe alternative approach involves the evaluation of the residual strength byslaboratory tests (Castro, 1975; Castro and Poulos 1977... |

53 |
Evaluation of liquefaction potential using field performance data.
- Seed, Idriss, et al.
- 1983
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Citation Context ...g actual earthquakesshave shown that there is a good correlation between the resistance of soil tosinitiation or “triggering” of liquefaction under earthquake shaking and soilspenetration resistance (=-=Seed et al., 1983-=-; Tokimatsu and Yoshimi, 1981). Forsexample, increase in relative density increases both the penetration resistance andsliquefaction resistance potential; increase in time under pressure also increase... |

52 | The influence of SPT procedures on soil liquefaction resistance evaluations, Rept - Seed, Tokimatsu, et al. - 1984 |

51 | Applications des potentiels a l’etude de l’equilibre et du mouvement des solides elastique - Boussinesq |

46 | Moduli and damping factors for dynamic analyses of cohesionless soils - Seed, Wong, et al. - 1986 |

39 |
SPT-based Analysis of Cyclic Pore Pressure Generation and Undrained Residual Strength”.
- Seed, Harder
- 1990
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Citation Context ......................................... 69sxix Figure 3.3-6. Comparison of Kσ relations with data from reconstituted Fraser deltassand specimens (Vaid and Sivathayalan 1996) and various field sampless(=-=Seed and Harder 1990-=-) (from Boulanger 2003b) ................................ 71sFigure 3.3-7. Comparison of derived Kσ relations to those recommended by Hynessand Olsen (from Boulanger and Idriss 2006)..................... |

37 | On the propagation of tremors over the surface of an elastic - Lamb - 1904 |

34 |
The stress produced in a semi-infinite solid by pressure on part of the boundary
- Love
- 1929
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Citation Context ...uckily, under staticsconditions, assessing stress state, including vertical, horizontal and shear stresses, issrather simple and elastic solutions (e.g.: Boussinesq, 1885, Fadum, 1948, Newmark,s1942, =-=Love, 1929-=-) can be conveniently used for this purpose.s3.1.2. Dynamic State Input ParameterssIn addition to the static ones, cyclically-induced shear stresses are applied onsfoundation soils due to inertial int... |

31 | Evaluation of settlements in sand deposits following liquefaction during earthquakes. Soils Found. - Ishihara, Yoshimine - 1992 |

31 | Recent advances in soil liquefaction engineering and seismic site response evaluation - Seed, Cetin, et al. - 2001 |

28 |
User's Manual for SHAKE91, A Computer Program for Conducting Equivalent Linear Seismic Response Analyses of Horizontally Layered
- Idriss, Sun
- 1992
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Citation Context ...eleration time history and displacement-velocity-accelerationsresponse spectra for 1979 Imperial Valley, Cerro Prieto Station (IMP) records4.4.2 1-D Equivalent Linear Model Input ParameterssSHAKE 91 (=-=Idriss and Sun, 1993-=-) is the most commonly used, thus calibratedssoftware for the 1-D equivalent linear analysis of dynamic soil response. It is asslightly modified version of program SHAKE (Schnabel, et al., 1973), whic... |

27 | Fundamentals of Liquefaction Under Cyclic Loading - Martin, Finn, et al. - 1975 |

26 |
Liquefaction evaluation procedure.
- Poulos, Castro, et al.
- 1985
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Citation Context ...Wride et al., 1999; Olson and Stark, 2002; Olson and Stark,s2003).sThe alternative approach involves the evaluation of the residual strength byslaboratory tests (Castro, 1975; Castro and Poulos 1977; =-=Poulos et al., 1985-=-;sRobertson et al., 2000). Originally, Castro (1975) proposed a laboratory-basedsapproach which required performing a series of consolidated-undrained tests for thesestimation of undrained steady-stat... |

24 |
Factors affecting liquefaction and cyclic mobility.
- Castro, SJ
- 1977
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Citation Context ...,s1992; Ishihara, 1993; Wride et al., 1999; Olson and Stark, 2002; Olson and Stark,s2003).sThe alternative approach involves the evaluation of the residual strength byslaboratory tests (Castro, 1975; =-=Castro and Poulos 1977-=-; Poulos et al., 1985;sRobertson et al., 2000). Originally, Castro (1975) proposed a laboratory-basedsapproach which required performing a series of consolidated-undrained tests for thesestimation of ... |

22 |
Liquefaction and cyclic mobility of saturated sands.
- Castro
- 1975
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Citation Context ...tark and Mesri,s1992; Ishihara, 1993; Wride et al., 1999; Olson and Stark, 2002; Olson and Stark,s2003).sThe alternative approach involves the evaluation of the residual strength byslaboratory tests (=-=Castro, 1975-=-; Castro and Poulos 1977; Poulos et al., 1985;sRobertson et al., 2000). Originally, Castro (1975) proposed a laboratory-basedsapproach which required performing a series of consolidated-undrained test... |

22 | Overburden correction factors for SPT in sand - Liao, Whitman - 1986 |

20 |
Liquefaction susceptibility criteria for silts and clays
- Boulanger, Idriss
- 2006
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Citation Context ... various field sampless(Seed and Harder 1990) (from Boulanger 2003b) ................................ 71sFigure 3.3-7. Comparison of derived Kσ relations to those recommended by Hynessand Olsen (from =-=Boulanger and Idriss 2006-=-)........................................ 72sFigure 4.2-1. Analyses performed in this study ......................................................... 75sFigure 4.4-1. Acceleration time history and dis... |

20 | Motion of rigid bodies and criteria for overturning by earthquake excitations - Ishiyama - 1982 |

20 | Evaluation of liquefaction potential of soils using cone penetration tests,” - Shibata, Teparaksa - 1988 |

19 | Seismic SoilStructure Interaction: Beneficial or detrimental”, - Gazetas, Mylonakis - 2000 |

18 |
Design Problems in Soil liquefaction
- Seed
- 1987
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Citation Context ... a relationship between soil density states(generally in terms of penetration resistance) and residual strength. They are basedson back analyses of liquefaction induced ground failure case histories (=-=Seed, 1987-=-;sDavis et al, 1988; Seed and Harder, 1990; Robertson et al., 1992; Stark and Mesri,s1992; Ishihara, 1993; Wride et al., 1999; Olson and Stark, 2002; Olson and Stark,s2003).sThe alternative approach i... |

17 | Finite element method accuracy for wave propagation problems”, - Kuhlemeyer, Lysmer - 1973 |

16 | Empirical prediction of liquefaction-induced lateral spread - Bartlett, Youd - 1995 |

15 |
Seismic Cone Penetration Test for Evaluating Liquefaction Potential under
- Robertson, Woeller, et al.
- 1992
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Citation Context ...in terms of penetration resistance) and residual strength. They are basedson back analyses of liquefaction induced ground failure case histories (Seed, 1987;sDavis et al, 1988; Seed and Harder, 1990; =-=Robertson et al., 1992-=-; Stark and Mesri,s1992; Ishihara, 1993; Wride et al., 1999; Olson and Stark, 2002; Olson and Stark,s2003).sThe alternative approach involves the evaluation of the residual strength byslaboratory test... |

14 | Empirical analysis of horizontal ground displacement generated by liquefaction-induced lateral spreads", - Bartlett, Youd - 1992 |

14 | High overburden stress effects in liquefaction analyses - Boulanger |

14 |
An update to the Seed–Idriss simplified procedure for evaluating liquefaction potential
- Idriss
(Show Context)
Citation Context ...sFigure 2.3-5. Proposed rd by Seed and Idriss, 1971................................................... 19sFigure 2.3-6. Variations of stress reduction coefficient with depth and earthquakesmagnitude (=-=Idriss, 1999-=-) ....................................................................... 21sFigure 2.3-7. Liquefaction boundary curves recommended by Seed et al. (1984a) .. 23sFigure 2.3-8. Recommended probabilistic... |

14 | Effects of Local Geology and Distance from Source on Earthquake Ground Motion’, - Schnabel - 1973 |

12 | The behaviour of inverted pendulum structures during earthquakes,” - GW - 1963 |

12 | Representation of irregular stress time histories by equivalent uniform stress series in liquefaction analyses - Seed, Idriss, et al. - 1975 |

10 | Study on liquefaction induced permanent ground displacements. Association for the Development of Earthquake Prediction in Japan - Hamada, Yasuda, et al. - 1986 |

10 | Testing and modeling of soil-structure interfaces - Hu, Pu |

9 | Regional modeling of liquefaction-induced ground deformation - Bardat, Tobita, et al. - 2002 |

9 |
Equivalent number of uniform stress cycles for soil liquefaction analysis
- Liu, Stewart, et al.
- 2001
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Citation Context .................................... 153sTable 6.2-2. Summary of the centrifuge test models ............................................... 155sTable 6.2-3. Average Regression Estimates of Coefficients (=-=Liu et al., 2001-=-)........ 162sTable 6.5-1. Constants for Building A1 of Case A.................................................. 178sTable 6.5-2. Calculation Steps for Building A1 of Case A.............................. |

8 |
Dynamic behavior of structures with embedded foundations. Earthquake Engineering and Structural Dynamics
- Bielak
- 1975
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Citation Context ...Ratios and Foundation DampingsFactors for SDOF Structure with Rigid Circular Foundation on HalfSpace for Surface and Embedded Foundations (υ = 0.45, β = 5%, γ =s0.15, ζ = 5%) (Veletsos and Nair 1975; =-=Bielak 1975-=-) ........................ 139sFigure 5.5-2. Proposed functions for ( )σf , ⎟⎠ ⎞⎜⎝ ⎛ PGA Sf A and ⎟⎠ ⎞⎜⎝ ⎛ B hf ........................... 143sFigure 5.5-3. Comparison of CSRSSEI, rep values calculat... |

8 |
GADFLEA - A Computer Program for the Analysis of Pore Pressure Generation and Dissipation during Cyclic or Earthquake Loading
- Booker, Rahman, et al.
- 1976
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Citation Context ... magnitude ofsthe earthquake causing that CSRSSEIsusing Cetin et al., 2004sConvert the magnitude intosequivalent number of cycles, Nliq,susing Liu et al., 2001sCalculate pore pressure ratio, rususing =-=Booker et al., 1976-=-sRecord the measured pore pressuresat the end of centrifuge tests, usCalculate the effective stress at thespoint of consideration, σv'sDivide u to σv' and calculate rus'v chydrostati u uu r σ −=sCompa... |

8 | The behavior of soil during vibration - Mogami, Kubo - 1953 |

8 |
Liquefied Strength Ratio from Liquefaction Flow Failure Case Histories”.
- Olson, Stark
- 2002
(Show Context)
Citation Context ...nalyses of liquefaction induced ground failure case histories (Seed, 1987;sDavis et al, 1988; Seed and Harder, 1990; Robertson et al., 1992; Stark and Mesri,s1992; Ishihara, 1993; Wride et al., 1999; =-=Olson and Stark, 2002-=-; Olson and Stark,s2003).sThe alternative approach involves the evaluation of the residual strength byslaboratory tests (Castro, 1975; Castro and Poulos 1977; Poulos et al., 1985;sRobertson et al., 20... |

8 | Rocking of Rigid Blocks due to Harmonic Shaking," - Spanos, Koh - 1984 |

7 | Proceeding of the NCEER workshop on evaluation of liquefaction resistance of soils. - NCEER - 1997 |

7 | Yield Strength Ratio and Liquefaction Analysis of Slopes and Embankments - OLSON, STARK |

7 | A method for the earthquake resistant design of earth dams.” J.Soil Mech. - Seed - 1966 |

6 | Energy Dissipation and Seismic Liquefaction of Sands - Berrill, Davis - 1985 |

6 | Seismic response of shallow foundations on liquefiable saturated sand - Liu, Dobry - 1997 |

6 | Rocking of slender rigid bodies allowed to uplift. Earthquake Eng Struct Dyn - Psycharis, Jennings - 1983 |

5 | State normalization of penetration resistances and the effect of overburden stress on liquefaction resistance - Boulanger, Idriss - 2004 |

5 | SPT-based probabilistic and deterministic assessment of seismic soil liquefaction potential.”, - Cetin, Seed, et al. - 2004 |

5 | Factors influencing the computational determination of earthquake-induced shear stresses in sandy soils - Golesorkhi - 1989 |

5 |
Influence of buildings on potential liquefaction damage
- Rollins, Seed
- 1990
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Citation Context ...ences, foundation soils are usually treated as if they weresfree field level soil sites with a major assumption that this treatment issconservatively biased (Watanabe, 1966, Ishihara et al., 1980 and =-=Rollins, 1987-=-).sAlthough, its critical importance has been recognized for years, there are veryslimited number of studies tackling the effects of SSEI from both structural andsgeotechnical points of views. Veletso... |

4 | R.: Criteria for liquefaction of silty sands - Andrews, Martin - 2000 |

4 | Cone models for homogeneous soil - Meek, Wolf - 1992 |

4 | Centrifuge validation of a numerical model for dynamic soil liquefaction.” Soil Dyn - Popescu, Prevost - 1993 |

4 | The CANLEX project: Summary and conclusions - Robertson, Wride, et al. - 2000 |

4 | Criteria of initiation of slide, rock, and slide-rock rigid-body modes - Shenton - 1996 |

3 | Liquefaction of sands under bidirectional monotonic and cyclic loading - Boulanger, Seed - 1995 |

3 | A cyclic shear-volume coupling and pore pressure model for sand - Bryne - 1991 |

3 | Probabilistic models for cyclic straining of saturated clean sands - Cetin, Bilge, et al. - 2009 |

3 |
Influence values for estimating stresses in elastic foundations
- Fadum
- 1948
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Citation Context ...d within foundation soils. Luckily, under staticsconditions, assessing stress state, including vertical, horizontal and shear stresses, issrather simple and elastic solutions (e.g.: Boussinesq, 1885, =-=Fadum, 1948-=-, Newmark,s1942, Love, 1929) can be conveniently used for this purpose.s3.1.2. Dynamic State Input ParameterssIn addition to the static ones, cyclically-induced shear stresses are applied onsfoundatio... |

3 |
SPT- and CPT-based relationships for the residual shear strength of liquefied soils
- Idriss, Boulanger
- 2007
(Show Context)
Citation Context ......................................................................................... 24sFigure 2.3-10. Residual shear strength ratio 0vr '/S σsversus equivalent clean-sandsSPT corrected blow count (=-=Idriss and Boulanger, 2007-=-) ...................... 28sFigure 2.3-11. Residual shear strength ratio 0vr '/S σsversus equivalent clean-sandsCPT normalized corrected tip resistance (Idriss and Boulanger, 2007) 29sxviii Figure 2.3... |

3 |
Liquefaction characteristics of sand deposits at an oil tank site during the 1978 Miyagiken-Oki earthquake.”, Soils and Found
- Ishihara, Kawase, et al.
- 1980
(Show Context)
Citation Context ...streatment of these differences, foundation soils are usually treated as if they weresfree field level soil sites with a major assumption that this treatment issconservatively biased (Watanabe, 1966, =-=Ishihara et al., 1980-=- and Rollins, 1987).sAlthough, its critical importance has been recognized for years, there are veryslimited number of studies tackling the effects of SSEI from both structural andsgeotechnical points... |

3 | Earthquake Settlements in Saturated Sands - Lee, Albaisa - 1974 |

3 | ÔResponse of sliding structures to harmonic support motionÕ, Earthquake Engrg - Mostaghel, Hejazi, et al. - 1983 |

3 | A review of the influence of initial static shear (Kα) and confining stress (Kσ) on failure mechanisms and earthquake liquefaction of soils - Pillai, Muhunthan - 2001 |

3 | Dynamic behaviour of rocking two-block assemblies - Psycharis - 1990 |

3 |
New charts for predicting large residual post-liquefaction ground deformation, Soil Dynam
- Shamoto, Zhang, et al.
- 1998
(Show Context)
Citation Context ...ment Lateral Spreading (Seed et al., 2001).... 31sFigure 2.3-14. Relationship between normalized SPT-N value, dynamic shear stresssand residual shear strain potential (a) for FC= 10% (b) for FC= 20%s(=-=Shamoto et al., 1998-=-) ........................................................................... 34sFigure 2.3-15. Post-liquefaction volumetric strain plotted against maximum shearsstrain. (Ishihara, 1996) ................ |

2 | On the dynamic response of rigid body assemblies", Earth - Allen, Oppenheim, et al. - 1986 |

2 |
Strenghts backfigured from liquefaction case histories
- Davis, Poulos, et al.
- 1988
(Show Context)
Citation Context ...hip between soil density states(generally in terms of penetration resistance) and residual strength. They are basedson back analyses of liquefaction induced ground failure case histories (Seed, 1987;s=-=Davis et al, 1988-=-; Seed and Harder, 1990; Robertson et al., 1992; Stark and Mesri,s1992; Ishihara, 1993; Wride et al., 1999; Olson and Stark, 2002; Olson and Stark,s2003).sThe alternative approach involves the evaluat... |

2 | Soil-pile-structure interactions - Finn, Wu, et al. - 1997 |

2 | Analysis of block random rocking - Spanos, Koh - 1986 |

2 | Rocking response of anchored blocks under pulsetype motions - Makris, Zhang - 2001 |

2 | Influence Charts for Computation of Stresses in Elastic Foundations - Newmark - 1942 |

2 | Effects of earthquakes on dams and embankments.”Geotechnique, - Newmark - 1965 |

2 | H.: Simplified Analysis of Dynamic Structure-Ground Interaction - Rainer - 1975 |

1 | Effects of linearizing on rocking block - Allen, Duan - 1995 |

1 | 2003a), “Relating Kα to Relative State Parameter Index”, Technical note - Boulanger |

1 | Simplified model for vertical vibrations of surface foundations - Chen, Shi - 2006 |

1 | Analysis of pore water pressure in seismic centrifuge tests”., Soil Dynamics and Liquefaction - Finn, Yodengrakumar - 1987 |

1 | Soil dynamics and liquefaction”, Geotechnical SpecialPublication No - France, Adams, et al. - 2000 |

1 |
Behaviour of rigid foundation on homogeneous loose soil.”, Data report on tests BG-01
- Ghosh, Madabhushi
- 2003
(Show Context)
Citation Context .................................................... 148sFigure 5.5-7. Comparison of CSRSSEI, max values (from CSRSSEI,rep) ....................... 149sFigure 6.2-1. Instrumentation and layout of BG-01 (=-=Ghosh and Madabhushi, 2003-=-) ............................................................................................................. 156sxxii Figure 6.2-2. Variation of ru beneath the foundation ............................. |

1 | An energy-based excess pore pressure generation model for cohesionless soils - Green, Mitchell, et al. - 2000 |

1 | Seismic analysis of liquefaction considering soil-structure interaction - Hwang - 1994 |

1 | A Critical Investigation of Factors Affecting Seismic Pore Presure Generation and Post-Liquefaction Flow Behavior of Saturated Soils - Jong, Seed - 1988 |

1 |
Teleseismic analysis of the Southern Hyogo (Kobe), Japan, earthquake of January 17
- Kikuchi
- 1995
(Show Context)
Citation Context ... was assigned a JMA magnitude of 7.2 by thesJapan Meteorological Agency (JMA). Seismological analyses indicate a seismicsmoment of about 3 x 1026 dyne- cm, corresponding to a moment magnitude of 6.9s(=-=Kikuchi, 1995-=-). The hypocenter of the earthquake (34.6 N, 135.0 E, focal depths=10 km, origin time 5:46:52 JST; JMA) was located about 20 km southwest ofsdowntown Kobe. The focal mechanism of the earthquake indica... |

1 | Vibration characteristics of rigid body placed on sand ground”, Soil Dynamics and Earthquake - Kim, Miura, et al. - 2001 |

1 | Harmonic rocking of rigid body block on flexible foundation - Koh, Spanos, et al. - 1986 |

1 | Cone models for soil layer on rigid rock II - Meek, Wolf - 1992 |

1 | Frame structures founded on liquefiable soil – Data report on centrifuge tests - Mitrani, Madabhushi - 2006 |

1 | Dynamic soil-structure interaction modelled experimentally on a geotechnical centrifuge - Morris - 1981 |

1 | Dynamics and impact in a system with unilateral constraints. The relevance of dry friction - Sinopoli - 1987 |

1 | A finite element approach to elastic soil-structure interaction - Smith - 1969 |

1 | Behavior of rigid footings on gravel under axial load and moment - Smith-Bardo, Bobet - 2007 |

1 | Dynamic analysis of stacked rigid blocks - Spanos, Roussis, et al. - 2001 |