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On Combining ShortestPath and BackPressure Routing Over Multihop Wireless Networks
, 2008
"... Abstract—Backpressure based algorithms based on the algorithm by Tassiulas and Ephremides have recently received much attention for jointly routing and scheduling over multihop wireless networks. However a significant weakness of this approach has been in routing, because the traditional backpress ..."
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Cited by 65 (5 self)
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Abstract—Backpressure based algorithms based on the algorithm by Tassiulas and Ephremides have recently received much attention for jointly routing and scheduling over multihop wireless networks. However a significant weakness of this approach has been in routing, because the traditional backpressure algorithm explores and exploits all feasible paths between each source and destination. While this extensive exploration is essential in order to maintain stability when the network is heavily loaded, under light or moderate loads, packets may be sent over unnecessarily long routes and the algorithm could be very inefficient in terms of endtoend delay and routing convergence times. This paper proposes new routing/scheduling backpressure algorithms that not only guarantees network stability (throughput optimality), but also adaptively selects a set of optimal routes based on shortestpath information in order to minimize average pathlengths between each source and destination pair. Our results indicate that under the traditional backpressure algorithm, the endtoend packet delay first decreases and then increases as a function of the network load (arrival rate). This surprising lowload behavior is explained due to the fact that the traditional backpressure algorithm exploits all paths (including very long ones) even when the traffic load is light. On the otherhand, the proposed algorithm adaptively selects a set of routes according to the traffic load so that long paths are used only when necessary, thus resulting in much smaller endtoend packet delays as compared to the traditional backpressure algorithm. I.
Optimal energy and delay tradeoffs for multiuser wireless downlinks
 Proc. IEEE INFOCOM
, 2006
"... Abstract — We consider the fundamental delay tradeoffs for minimizing energy expenditure in a multiuser wireless downlink with randomly varying channels. First, we extend the BerryGallager bound to a multiuser context, demonstrating that any algorithm that yields average power within O(1/V) of th ..."
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Cited by 64 (17 self)
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Abstract — We consider the fundamental delay tradeoffs for minimizing energy expenditure in a multiuser wireless downlink with randomly varying channels. First, we extend the BerryGallager bound to a multiuser context, demonstrating that any algorithm that yields average power within O(1/V) of the minimum power required for network stability must also have an average queueing delay greater than or equal to Ω ( √ V). We then develop a class of algorithms, parameterized by V, that come within a logarithmic factor of achieving this fundamental tradeoff. The algorithms overcome an exponential state space explosion, and can be implemented in real time without apriori knowledge of traffic rates or channel statistics. Further, we discover a “superfast ” scheduling mode that beats the BerryGallager bound in the exceptional case when power functions are piecewise linear. Index Terms — queueing analysis, stability, optimization, stochastic control, asymptotic tradeoffs
Layering as optimization decomposition
 PROCEEDINGS OF THE IEEE
, 2007
"... Network protocols in layered architectures have historically been obtained on an ad hoc basis, and many of the recent crosslayer designs are conducted through piecemeal approaches. They may instead be holistically analyzed and systematically designed as distributed solutions to some global optimiza ..."
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Cited by 63 (23 self)
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Network protocols in layered architectures have historically been obtained on an ad hoc basis, and many of the recent crosslayer designs are conducted through piecemeal approaches. They may instead be holistically analyzed and systematically designed as distributed solutions to some global optimization problems. This paper presents a survey of the recent efforts towards a systematic understanding of “layering ” as “optimization decomposition”, where the overall communication network is modeled by a generalized Network Utility Maximization (NUM) problem, each layer corresponds to a decomposed subproblem, and the interfaces among layers are quantified as functions of the optimization variables coordinating the subproblems. There can be many alternative decompositions, each leading to a different layering architecture. This paper summarizes the current status of horizontal decomposition into distributed computation and vertical decomposition into functional modules such as congestion control, routing, scheduling, random access, power control, and channel coding. Key messages and methods arising from many recent work are listed, and open issues discussed. Through case studies, it is illustrated how “Layering as Optimization Decomposition” provides a common language to think
Joint asynchronous congestion control and distributed scheduling for multihop wireless networks
 in the Proceedings IEEE Infocom
"... Abstract — We consider a multihop wireless network shared by many users. For an interference model that only constrains a node to either transmit or receive at a time, but not both, we propose an architecture for fair resource allocation that consists of a distributed scheduling algorithm operating ..."
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Cited by 60 (16 self)
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Abstract — We consider a multihop wireless network shared by many users. For an interference model that only constrains a node to either transmit or receive at a time, but not both, we propose an architecture for fair resource allocation that consists of a distributed scheduling algorithm operating in conjunction with an asynchronous congestion control algorithm. We show that the proposed joint congestion control and scheduling algorithm supports at least onethird of the throughput supportable by any other algorithm, including centralized algorithms. I.
Optimal Backpressure Routing for Wireless Networks with MultiReceiver Diversity
, 2006
"... We consider the problem of optimal scheduling and routing in an adhoc wireless network with multiple traffic streams and time varying channel reliability. Each packet transmission can be overheard by a subset of receiver nodes, with a transmission success probability that may vary from receiver t ..."
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Cited by 60 (8 self)
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We consider the problem of optimal scheduling and routing in an adhoc wireless network with multiple traffic streams and time varying channel reliability. Each packet transmission can be overheard by a subset of receiver nodes, with a transmission success probability that may vary from receiver to receiver and may also vary with time. We develop a simple backpressure routing algorithm that maximizes network throughput and expends an average power that can be pushed arbitrarily close to the minimum average power required for network stability, with a corresponding tradeoff in network delay. The algorithm can be implemented in a distributed manner using only local link error probability information, and supports a “blind transmission” mode (where error probabilities are not required) in special cases when the power metric is neglected and when there is only a single destination for all traffic streams.
Polynomial complexity algorithms for full utilization of multihop wireless networks
"... In this paper, we propose and study a general framework that allows the development of distributed mechanisms to achieve full utilization of multihop wireless networks. In particular, we develop a generic randomized routing, scheduling and flow control scheme that is applicable to a large class o ..."
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Cited by 58 (15 self)
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In this paper, we propose and study a general framework that allows the development of distributed mechanisms to achieve full utilization of multihop wireless networks. In particular, we develop a generic randomized routing, scheduling and flow control scheme that is applicable to a large class of interference models. We prove that any algorithm which satisfies the conditions of our generic scheme maximizes network throughput and utilization. Then, we focus on a specific interference model, namely the twohop interference model, and develop distributed algorithms with polynomial communication and computation complexity. This is an important result given that earlier throughputoptimal algorithms developed for such a model relies on the solution to an NPhard problem. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first polynomial complexity algorithm that guarantees full utilization in multihop wireless networks. We further show that our algorithmic approach enables us to efficiently approximate the capacity region of a multihop wireless network.
Novel architectures and algorithms for delay reduction in backpressure scheduling and routing
 Proceedings of IEEE INFOCOM 2009 MiniConference
, 2009
"... The backpressure algorithm is a wellknown throughputoptimal algorithm. However, its delay performance may be quite poor even when the traffic load is not close to network capacity due to the following two reasons. First, each node has to maintain a separate queue for each commodity in the network ..."
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Cited by 58 (3 self)
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The backpressure algorithm is a wellknown throughputoptimal algorithm. However, its delay performance may be quite poor even when the traffic load is not close to network capacity due to the following two reasons. First, each node has to maintain a separate queue for each commodity in the network, and only one queue is served at a time. Second, the backpressure routing algorithm may route some packets along very long routes. In this paper, we present solutions to address both of the above issues, and hence, improve the delay performance of the backpressure algorithm. One of the suggested solutions also decreases the complexity of the queueing data structures to be maintained at each node. I.
Routing Without Routes: The Backpressure Collection Protocol
"... Current data collection protocols for wireless sensor networks are mostly based on quasistatic minimumcost routing trees. We consider an alternative, highlyagile approach called backpressure routing, in which routing and forwarding decisions are made on a perpacket basis. Although there is a con ..."
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Cited by 58 (6 self)
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Current data collection protocols for wireless sensor networks are mostly based on quasistatic minimumcost routing trees. We consider an alternative, highlyagile approach called backpressure routing, in which routing and forwarding decisions are made on a perpacket basis. Although there is a considerable theoretical literature on backpressure routing, it has not been implemented on practical systems to date due to concerns about packet looping, the effect of link losses, large packet delays, and scalability. Addressing these concerns, we present the Backpressure Collection Protocol (BCP) for sensor networks, the first ever implementation of dynamic backpressure routing in wireless networks. In particular, we demonstrate for the first time that replacing the traditional FIFO queue service in backpressure routing with LIFO queues reduces the average endtoend packet delays for delivered packets drastically (75 % under high load, 98 % under low load). Further, we improve backpressure scalability by introducing a new concept of floating queues into the backpressure framework. Under static network settings, BCP shows a more than 60 % improvement in maxmin rate over the state of the art Collection Tree Protocol (CTP). We also empirically demonstrate the superior delivery performance of BCP in highly dynamic network settings, including conditions of extreme external interference and highly mobile sinks. 1.
Endtoend bandwidth guarantees through fair local spectrum share in wireless ad hoc networks
 Proc. Control and Decision Conference (CDC) 2003
"... endorsement of any of the University of Pennsylvania's products or services. Internal or personal use of this material is permitted. However, permission to reprint/republish this material for advertising or promotional purposes or for creating new collective works for resale or redistribution m ..."
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Cited by 54 (6 self)
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endorsement of any of the University of Pennsylvania's products or services. Internal or personal use of this material is permitted. However, permission to reprint/republish this material for advertising or promotional purposes or for creating new collective works for resale or redistribution must be obtained from the IEEE by writing to pubspermissions@ieee.org. By choosing to view this document, you agree to all provisions of the copyright laws protecting it.
Order optimal delay for opportunistic scheduling in multiuser wireless uplinks and downlinks
 Proc. of Allerton Conf. on Communication, Control, and Computing (invited paper
, 2006
"... Abstract — We consider a onehop wireless network with independent time varying channels and N users, such as a multiuser uplink or downlink. We first show that general classes of scheduling algorithms that do not consider queue backlog necessarily incur average delay that grows at least linearly wi ..."
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Cited by 45 (6 self)
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Abstract — We consider a onehop wireless network with independent time varying channels and N users, such as a multiuser uplink or downlink. We first show that general classes of scheduling algorithms that do not consider queue backlog necessarily incur average delay that grows at least linearly with N. We then construct a dynamic queuelength aware algorithm that stabilizes the system and achieves an average delay that is independent of N. This is the first analytical demonstration that O(1) delay is achievable in such a multiuser wireless setting. The delay bounds are achieved via a technique of queue grouping together with basic Lyapunov stability and statistical multiplexing concepts.