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Probabilistic data exchange
 In Proc. ICDT
, 2010
"... The work reported here lays the foundations of data exchange in the presence of probabilistic data. This requires rethinking the very basic concepts of traditional data exchange, such as solution, universal solution, and the certain answers of target queries. We develop a framework for data exchange ..."
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Cited by 40 (7 self)
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The work reported here lays the foundations of data exchange in the presence of probabilistic data. This requires rethinking the very basic concepts of traditional data exchange, such as solution, universal solution, and the certain answers of target queries. We develop a framework for data exchange over probabilistic databases, and make a case for its coherence and robustness. This framework applies to arbitrary schema mappings, and finite or countably infinite probability spaces on the source and target instances. After establishing this framework and formulating the key concepts, we study the application of the framework to a concrete and practical setting where probabilistic databases are compactly encoded by means of annotations formulated over random Boolean variables. In this setting, we study the problems of testing for the existence of solutions and universal solutions, materializing such solutions, and evaluating target queries (for unions of conjunctive queries) in both the exact sense and the approximate sense. For each of the problems, we carry out a complexity analysis based on properties of the annotation, in various classes of dependencies. Finally, we show that the framework and results easily and completely generalize to allow not only the data, but also the schema mapping itself to be probabilistic.
Locally finite graphs with ends: a topological approach
"... This paper is intended as an introductory survey of a newly emerging field: a topological approach to the study of locally finite graphs that crucially incorporates their ends. Topological arcs and circles, which may pass through ends, assume the role played in finite graphs by paths and cycles. Thi ..."
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Cited by 23 (6 self)
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This paper is intended as an introductory survey of a newly emerging field: a topological approach to the study of locally finite graphs that crucially incorporates their ends. Topological arcs and circles, which may pass through ends, assume the role played in finite graphs by paths and cycles. This approach has made it possible to extend to locally finite graphs many classical theorems of finite graph theory that do not extend verbatim. The shift of paradigm it proposes is thus as much an answer to old questions as a source of new ones; many concrete problems of both types are suggested in the paper. This paper attempts to provide an entry point to this field for readers that have not followed the literature that has emerged in the last 10 years or so. It takes them on a quick route through what appear to be the most important lasting results, introduces them to key proof techniques, identifies the most promising open
Random walks in random Dirichlet environment are transient in dimension d ≥ 3
, 2009
"... We consider random walks in random Dirichlet environment (RWDE) which is a special type of random walks in random environment where the exit probabilities at each site are i.i.d. Dirichlet random variables. On Zd, RWDE are parameterized by a 2duplet of positive reals. We prove that for all values ..."
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Cited by 11 (4 self)
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We consider random walks in random Dirichlet environment (RWDE) which is a special type of random walks in random environment where the exit probabilities at each site are i.i.d. Dirichlet random variables. On Zd, RWDE are parameterized by a 2duplet of positive reals. We prove that for all values of the parameters, RWDE are transient in dimension d ≥ 3. We also prove that the Green function has some finite moments and we characterize the finite moments. Our result is more genral and applies for example to finitely generated transient Cayley graphs. In terms of reinforced random walks it implies that linearly edgeoriented reinforced random walks are transient for d ≥ 3.