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**1 - 1**of**1**### EXPLOITING MULTIPLE LEVELS OF PARALLELISM IN SPARSE MATRIX-MATRIX MULTIPLICATION

"... Abstract. Sparse matrix-matrix multiplication (or SpGEMM) is a key primitive for many high-performance graph algorithms as well as for some linear solvers, such as algebraic multigrid. The scaling of existing parallel implementations of SpGEMM is heavily bound by communication. Even though 3D (or 2. ..."

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Abstract. Sparse matrix-matrix multiplication (or SpGEMM) is a key primitive for many high-performance graph algorithms as well as for some linear solvers, such as algebraic multigrid. The scaling of existing parallel implementations of SpGEMM is heavily bound by communication. Even though 3D (or 2.5D) algorithms have been proposed and theoretically analyzed in the flat MPI model on Erdős-Rényi matrices, those algorithms had not been implemented in practice and their complexities had not been analyzed for the general case. In this work, we present the first ever implementation of the 3D SpGEMM formulation that also exploits multiple (intra-node and inter-node) levels of parallelism, achieving significant speedups over the state-of-the-art publicly available codes at all levels of concurrencies. We extensively evaluate our implementation and identify bottlenecks that should be subject to further research. Key words. Parallel computing, numerical linear algebra, sparse matrix-matrix multiplication, 2.5D algorithms, 3D algorithms, multithreading, SpGEMM, 2D decomposition, graph algorithms.