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Large N field theories, string theory and gravity
, 2001
"... We review the holographic correspondence between field theories and string/M theory, focusing on the relation between compactifications of string/M theory on Antide Sitter spaces and conformal field theories. We review the background for this correspondence and discuss its motivations and the evide ..."
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Cited by 1443 (45 self)
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We review the holographic correspondence between field theories and string/M theory, focusing on the relation between compactifications of string/M theory on Antide Sitter spaces and conformal field theories. We review the background for this correspondence and discuss its motivations and the evidence for its correctness. We describe the main results that have been derived from the correspondence in the regime that the field theory is approximated by classical or semiclassical gravity. We focus on the case of the N = 4 supersymmetric gauge theory in four dimensions, but we discuss also field theories in other dimensions, conformal and nonconformal, with or without supersymmetry, and in particular the relation to QCD. We also discuss some implications for black hole physics.
Mirror Manifolds and Topological Field Theory
 in Essays on Mirror Manifolds (ed. S.T. Yau), International Press, Hong Kong
, 1992
"... In N = 4 super YangMills theory on a fourmanifold M, one can specify a discrete magnetic flux valued in H2 (M,ZN). This flux is encoded in the AdS/CFT correspondence in terms of a fivedimensional topological field theory with ChernSimons action. A similar topological field theory in seven dimens ..."
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Cited by 380 (12 self)
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In N = 4 super YangMills theory on a fourmanifold M, one can specify a discrete magnetic flux valued in H2 (M,ZN). This flux is encoded in the AdS/CFT correspondence in terms of a fivedimensional topological field theory with ChernSimons action. A similar topological field theory in seven dimensions governs the space of “conformal blocks ” of the sixdimensional (0, 2) conformal field theory. December
Renormalization group flows from holography  Supersymmetry and a ctheorem
 ADV THEOR. MATH. PHYS
, 1999
"... We obtain first order equations that determine a supersymmetric kink solution in fivedimensional N = 8 gauged supergravity. The kink interpolates between an exterior antide Sitter region with maximal supersymmetry and an interior antide Sitter region with one quarter of the maximal supersymmetry. ..."
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Cited by 294 (25 self)
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We obtain first order equations that determine a supersymmetric kink solution in fivedimensional N = 8 gauged supergravity. The kink interpolates between an exterior antide Sitter region with maximal supersymmetry and an interior antide Sitter region with one quarter of the maximal supersymmetry. One eighth of supersymmetry is preserved by the kink as a whole. We interpret it as describing the renormalization group flow in N = 4 superYangMills theory broken to an N = 1 theory by the addition of a mass term for one of the three adjoint chiral superfields. A detailed correspondence is obtained between fields of bulk supergravity in the interior antide Sitter region and composite operators of the infrared field theory. We also point out that the truncation used to find the reduced symmetry critical point can be extended to obtain a new N = 4 gauged supergravity theory holographically dual to a sector of N = 2 gauge theories based on quiver diagrams. We consider more general kink geometries and construct a cfunction that is positive and monotonic if a weak energy condition holds in the bulk gravity theory. For evendimensional boundaries, the cfunction coincides with the trace anomaly coefficients of the holographically related field theory in limits where conformal invariance is recovered.
Holographic duality with a view toward manybody physics
, 2009
"... These are notes based on a series of lectures given at the KITP workshop Quantum Criticality and the AdS/CFT Correspondence in July, 2009. The goal of the lectures was to introduce condensed matter physicists to the AdS/CFT correspondence. Discussion of string theory and of supersymmetry is avoided ..."
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Cited by 150 (2 self)
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These are notes based on a series of lectures given at the KITP workshop Quantum Criticality and the AdS/CFT Correspondence in July, 2009. The goal of the lectures was to introduce condensed matter physicists to the AdS/CFT correspondence. Discussion of string theory and of supersymmetry is avoided to the extent possible.
Aspects of Holographic Entanglement Entropy
"... This is an extended version of our short report hepth/0603001, where a holographic interpretation of entanglement entropy in conformal field theories is proposed from AdS/CFT correspondence. In addition to a concise review of relevant recent progresses of entanglement entropy and details omitted in ..."
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Cited by 126 (4 self)
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This is an extended version of our short report hepth/0603001, where a holographic interpretation of entanglement entropy in conformal field theories is proposed from AdS/CFT correspondence. In addition to a concise review of relevant recent progresses of entanglement entropy and details omitted in the earlier letter, this paper includes the following several new results: We give a more direct derivation of our claim which relates the entanglement entropy with the minimal area surfaces in the AdS3/CFT2 case as well as some further discussions on higher dimensional cases. Also the relation between the entanglement entropy and central charges in 4D conformal field theories is examined. We check that the logarithmic part of the 4D entanglement entropy computed in the CFT side agrees with the AdS5 result at least under a specific condition. Finally we estimate the entanglement entropy of massive theories in generic dimensions by making use of our proposal.
Holographic Entanglement Entropy: An Overview
, 2009
"... In this article, we review recent progresses on the holographic understandings of the entanglement entropy in the AdS/CFT correspondence. After reviewing the general idea of holographic entanglement entropy, we will explain its applications to confinement/deconfinement phase transitions, black hole ..."
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Cited by 120 (12 self)
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In this article, we review recent progresses on the holographic understandings of the entanglement entropy in the AdS/CFT correspondence. After reviewing the general idea of holographic entanglement entropy, we will explain its applications to confinement/deconfinement phase transitions, black hole entropy and covariant formulation of holography.
The AdS/CFT Correspondence and a New Positive Energy Conjecture for General Relativity
, 1998
"... We examine the AdS/CFT correspondence when the gauge theory is considered on a compactified space with supersymmetry breaking boundary conditions. We find that the corresponding supergravity solution has a negative energy, in agreement with the expected negative Casimir energy in the field theory. S ..."
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Cited by 115 (12 self)
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We examine the AdS/CFT correspondence when the gauge theory is considered on a compactified space with supersymmetry breaking boundary conditions. We find that the corresponding supergravity solution has a negative energy, in agreement with the expected negative Casimir energy in the field theory. Stability of the gauge theory would imply that this supergravity solution has minimum energy among all solutions with the same boundary conditions. Hence we are lead to conjecture a new positive energy theorem for asymptotically locally Antide Sitter spacetimes. We show that the candidate minimum energy solution is stable against all quadratic fluctuations of the metric.
Exploring improved holographic theories for QCD
 Part I”, [ArXiv:0707.1324
"... Abstract: This paper is a continuation of ArXiv:0707.1324 where improved holographic theories for QCD were set up and explored. Here, the IR confining geometries are classified and analyzed. They all end in a “good ” (repulsive) singularity in the IR. The glueball spectra are gaped and discrete, and ..."
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Cited by 115 (15 self)
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Abstract: This paper is a continuation of ArXiv:0707.1324 where improved holographic theories for QCD were set up and explored. Here, the IR confining geometries are classified and analyzed. They all end in a “good ” (repulsive) singularity in the IR. The glueball spectra are gaped and discrete, and they favorably compare to the lattice data. Quite generally, confinement and discrete spectra imply each other. Asymptotically linear glueball masses can also be achieved. Asymptotic mass ratios of various glueballs with different spin also turn out to be universal. Mesons dynamics is implemented via space filling D4 − ¯ D4 brane pairs. The associated tachyon dynamics is analyzed and chiral symmetry breaking is shown. The dynamics of the RR axion is analyzed, and the nonperturbative running of the QCD θangle is obtained. It is shown to always vanish in the IR.