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177,152
Cognitive load during problem solving: effects on learning
 COGNITIVE SCIENCE
, 1988
"... Considerable evidence indicates that domain specific knowledge in the form of schemes is the primary factor distinguishing experts from novices in problemsolving skill. Evidence that conventional problemsolving activity is not effective in schema acquisition is also accumulating. It is suggested t ..."
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Cited by 639 (13 self)
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Considerable evidence indicates that domain specific knowledge in the form of schemes is the primary factor distinguishing experts from novices in problemsolving skill. Evidence that conventional problemsolving activity is not effective in schema acquisition is also accumulating. It is suggested
A New Method for Solving Hard Satisfiability Problems
 AAAI
, 1992
"... We introduce a greedy local search procedure called GSAT for solving propositional satisfiability problems. Our experiments show that this procedure can be used to solve hard, randomly generated problems that are an order of magnitude larger than those that can be handled by more traditional approac ..."
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Cited by 730 (21 self)
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We introduce a greedy local search procedure called GSAT for solving propositional satisfiability problems. Our experiments show that this procedure can be used to solve hard, randomly generated problems that are an order of magnitude larger than those that can be handled by more traditional
Solving multiclass learning problems via errorcorrecting output codes
 JOURNAL OF ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE RESEARCH
, 1995
"... Multiclass learning problems involve nding a de nition for an unknown function f(x) whose range is a discrete set containing k>2values (i.e., k \classes"). The de nition is acquired by studying collections of training examples of the form hx i;f(x i)i. Existing approaches to multiclass l ..."
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Cited by 726 (8 self)
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Multiclass learning problems involve nding a de nition for an unknown function f(x) whose range is a discrete set containing k>2values (i.e., k \classes"). The de nition is acquired by studying collections of training examples of the form hx i;f(x i)i. Existing approaches to multiclass
Analogical problem solving
 Cognitive Psychology
, 1980
"... Where do new ideas come from? What psychological mechanisms underlie creative insight? This fundamental issue in the study of thought has received a great deal of informal discussion, but little empirical psychological investigation. The anecdotal reports of creative scientists and mathematicians ..."
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Cited by 450 (21 self)
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Where do new ideas come from? What psychological mechanisms underlie creative insight? This fundamental issue in the study of thought has received a great deal of informal discussion, but little empirical psychological investigation. The anecdotal reports of creative scientists and mathematicians
The Extended Linear Complementarity Problem
, 1993
"... We consider an extension of the horizontal linear complementarity problem, which we call the extended linear complementarity problem (XLCP). With the aid of a natural bilinear program, we establish various properties of this extended complementarity problem; these include the convexity of the biline ..."
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Cited by 788 (30 self)
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We consider an extension of the horizontal linear complementarity problem, which we call the extended linear complementarity problem (XLCP). With the aid of a natural bilinear program, we establish various properties of this extended complementarity problem; these include the convexity
The Hungarian method for the assignment problem
 Naval Res. Logist. Quart
, 1955
"... Assuming that numerical scores are available for the performance of each of n persons on each of n jobs, the "assignment problem" is the quest for an assignment of persons to jobs so that the sum of the n scores so obtained is as large as possible. It is shown that ideas latent in the work ..."
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Cited by 1259 (0 self)
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in the work of two Hungarian mathematicians may be exploited to yield a new method of solving this problem. 1.
The Byzantine Generals Problem,"
 ACM Transactions on Programming Languages and Systems,
, 1982
"... Abstract The Byzantine Generals Problem requires processes to reach agreement upon a value even though some of them may fad. It is weakened by allowing them to agree upon an "incorrect" value if a failure occurs. The transaction eormmt problem for a distributed database Js a special case ..."
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Cited by 1561 (6 self)
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of the weaker problem. It is shown that, like the original Byzantine Generals Problem, the weak version can be solved only ff fewer than onethird of the processes may fad. Unlike the onginal problem, an approximate solution exists that can tolerate arbaranly many failures.
Where the REALLY Hard Problems Are
 IN J. MYLOPOULOS AND R. REITER (EDS.), PROCEEDINGS OF 12TH INTERNATIONAL JOINT CONFERENCE ON AI (IJCAI91),VOLUME 1
, 1991
"... It is well known that for many NPcomplete problems, such as KSat, etc., typical cases are easy to solve; so that computationally hard cases must be rare (assuming P != NP). This paper shows that NPcomplete problems can be summarized by at least one "order parameter", and that the hard p ..."
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Cited by 683 (1 self)
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It is well known that for many NPcomplete problems, such as KSat, etc., typical cases are easy to solve; so that computationally hard cases must be rare (assuming P != NP). This paper shows that NPcomplete problems can be summarized by at least one "order parameter", and that the hard
Molecular Computation Of Solutions To Combinatorial Problems
, 1994
"... The tools of molecular biology are used to solve an instance of the directed Hamiltonian path problem. A small graph is encoded in molecules of DNA and the `operations' of the computation are performed with standard protocols and enzymes. This experiment demonstrates the feasibility of carrying ..."
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Cited by 773 (6 self)
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The tools of molecular biology are used to solve an instance of the directed Hamiltonian path problem. A small graph is encoded in molecules of DNA and the `operations' of the computation are performed with standard protocols and enzymes. This experiment demonstrates the feasibility
Results 1  10
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177,152