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65,625
A Singular Value Thresholding Algorithm for Matrix Completion
, 2008
"... This paper introduces a novel algorithm to approximate the matrix with minimum nuclear norm among all matrices obeying a set of convex constraints. This problem may be understood as the convex relaxation of a rank minimization problem, and arises in many important applications as in the task of reco ..."
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Cited by 555 (22 self)
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toimplement algorithm that is extremely efficient at addressing problems in which the optimal solution has low rank. The algorithm is iterative and produces a sequence of matrices {X k, Y k} and at each step, mainly performs a softthresholding operation on the singular values of the matrix Y k. There are two
ValueBased Software Engineering
 ACM Software Engineering Notes
, 2003
"... Abstract—This paper provides a definition of the term “software engineering ” and a survey of the current state of the art and likely future trends in the field. The survey covers the technology available in the various phases of the software life cycle—requirements engineering, design, coding, test ..."
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Cited by 472 (32 self)
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Abstract—This paper provides a definition of the term “software engineering ” and a survey of the current state of the art and likely future trends in the field. The survey covers the technology available in the various phases of the software life cycle—requirements engineering, design, coding
Missing value estimation methods for DNA microarrays
, 2001
"... Motivation: Gene expression microarray experiments can generate data sets with multiple missing expression values. Unfortunately, many algorithms for gene expression analysis require a complete matrix of gene array values as input. For example, methods such as hierarchical clustering and Kmeans clu ..."
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Cited by 477 (24 self)
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Motivation: Gene expression microarray experiments can generate data sets with multiple missing expression values. Unfortunately, many algorithms for gene expression analysis require a complete matrix of gene array values as input. For example, methods such as hierarchical clustering and K
A Comparative Study on Feature Selection in Text Categorization
, 1997
"... This paper is a comparative study of feature selection methods in statistical learning of text categorization. The focus is on aggressive dimensionality reduction. Five methods were evaluated, including term selection based on document frequency (DF), information gain (IG), mutual information (MI), ..."
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Cited by 1320 (15 self)
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precision) . DF thresholding performed similarly. Indeed we found strong correlations between the DF, IG and CHI values of a term. This suggests that DF thresholding, the simplest method with the lowest cost in computation, can be reliably used instead of IG or CHI when the computation of these measures
Indexing by latent semantic analysis
 JOURNAL OF THE AMERICAN SOCIETY FOR INFORMATION SCIENCE
, 1990
"... A new method for automatic indexing and retrieval is described. The approach is to take advantage of implicit higherorder structure in the association of terms with documents (“semantic structure”) in order to improve the detection of relevant documents on the basis of terms found in queries. The p ..."
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Cited by 3779 (35 self)
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are represented as pseudodocument vectors formed from weighted combinations of terms, and documents with suprathreshold cosine values are returned. initial tests find this completely automatic method for retrieval to be promising.
Do Better Schools Matter? Parental Valuation of Elementary Education
 QUARTERLY JOURNAL OF ECONOMICS
, 1999
"... The evaluation of numerous school reforms requires an understanding of the value of better schools. Given the difficulty of calculating the relationship between school quality and student outcomes, I turn to another method and use house prices to infer the value parents place on school quality. I lo ..."
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Cited by 500 (3 self)
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The evaluation of numerous school reforms requires an understanding of the value of better schools. Given the difficulty of calculating the relationship between school quality and student outcomes, I turn to another method and use house prices to infer the value parents place on school quality. I
The Byzantine Generals Problem,"
 ACM Transactions on Programming Languages and Systems,
, 1982
"... Abstract The Byzantine Generals Problem requires processes to reach agreement upon a value even though some of them may fad. It is weakened by allowing them to agree upon an "incorrect" value if a failure occurs. The transaction eormmt problem for a distributed database Js a special case ..."
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Cited by 1561 (6 self)
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Abstract The Byzantine Generals Problem requires processes to reach agreement upon a value even though some of them may fad. It is weakened by allowing them to agree upon an "incorrect" value if a failure occurs. The transaction eormmt problem for a distributed database Js a special case
Fitting a mixture model by expectation maximization to discover motifs in biopolymers.
 Proc Int Conf Intell Syst Mol Biol
, 1994
"... Abstract The algorithm described in this paper discovers one or more motifs in a collection of DNA or protein sequences by using the technique of expect~tiou ma.,dmization to fit a twocomponent finite mixture model to the set of sequences. Multiple motifs are found by fitting a mixture model to th ..."
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Cited by 947 (5 self)
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to the data, probabilistically erasing tile occurrences of the motif thus found, and repeating the process to find successive motifs. The algorithm requires only a set of unaligned sequences and a number specifying the width of the motifs as input. It returns a model of each motif and a threshold which
Boosting a Weak Learning Algorithm By Majority
, 1995
"... We present an algorithm for improving the accuracy of algorithms for learning binary concepts. The improvement is achieved by combining a large number of hypotheses, each of which is generated by training the given learning algorithm on a different set of examples. Our algorithm is based on ideas pr ..."
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Cited by 516 (16 self)
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presented by Schapire in his paper "The strength of weak learnability", and represents an improvement over his results. The analysis of our algorithm provides general upper bounds on the resources required for learning in Valiant's polynomial PAC learning framework, which are the best general
Depth first search and linear graph algorithms
 SIAM JOURNAL ON COMPUTING
, 1972
"... The value of depthfirst search or "backtracking" as a technique for solving problems is illustrated by two examples. An improved version of an algorithm for finding the strongly connected components of a directed graph and ar algorithm for finding the biconnected components of an undirect ..."
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Cited by 1406 (19 self)
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The value of depthfirst search or "backtracking" as a technique for solving problems is illustrated by two examples. An improved version of an algorithm for finding the strongly connected components of a directed graph and ar algorithm for finding the biconnected components
Results 1  10
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