@MISC{Jaganathan_reconstructionof, author = {Kishore Jaganathan and Babak Hassibi}, title = {Reconstruction of Integers from Pairwise Distances}, year = {} }

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Abstract

Given a set of integers, one can easily construct the set of their pairwise distances. We consider the inverse problem: given a set of pairwise distances, find the integer set which realizes the pairwise distance set. This problem arises in a lot of fields in engineering and applied physics, and has confounded researchers for over 60 years. It is one of the few fundamental problems that are neither known to be NP-hard nor solvable by polynomial-time algorithms. Whether unique recovery is possible also remains an open question. In many practical applications where this problem occurs, the integer set is natu-rally sparse (i.e., the integers are sufficiently spaced), a property which has not been explored. In this work, we exploit the sparse nature of the integer set and develop a polynomial-time algorithm which provably recovers the set of integers (up to linear shift and reversal) from the set of their pairwise distances with arbitrarily high proba-bility if the sparsity is O(n1/2−). Numerical simulations verify the effectiveness of the proposed algorithm. 1