@MISC{Hypersphere_geometricalprobability, author = {A Hypersphere and Stanford Universily}, title = {GEOMETRICAL PROBABILITY AND RANDOM POINTS ON}, year = {} }

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Abstract

0. Summary. This paper is concerned with the properties of convex cones and their dual cones generated by points randomly distributed on the surface of a d-sphere. For radially symmetric distributions on the points, the expected nGmber of k-faces and natural measure of the set of k-faces will be found. The expected number of vertices, or extreme points, of convex hulls of random points in E ~ and E3 has been investigated by RBnyi and Sulanke [4] and Efron [2]. In general these results depend critically on the distribution of the points. However, for points on a sphere, the situation is much simpler. Except for a requirement of radial symmetry of the distribution on the points, the properties developed in this paper will be distribution-free. (This lack of dependence on the underlying distribution suggests certain simple nonparametric tests for radial symmetry-we shall not pursue this matter here, however.) Our approach is combinatorial and geometric, involving the systematic description of the partitioning of E d by N hyperplanes through the origin. After a series of theorems counting the number of faces of cones and their duals, we are led to Theorem 5 and its probabilistic counterpart Theorem 2', the primary result of this paper, in which the expected solid angle is found of the convex cone spanned by N random vectors in Ed. 1. Introduction. I