### Citations

3113 |
A method for registration of 3D shapes
- Besl, Mckay
- 1992
(Show Context)
Citation Context ... one common coordinate system. Most of the techniques to perform this so-called registration task are more or less variations of the Iterative Closest Point (ICP) algorithm proposed by Besl and McKay =-=[4]-=-. The algorithm can briefly be sketched as follows. Assuming a reasonable good initial registration, the relative orientation between two datasets is iteratively refined by pairing a number of points ... |

989 | Closed-Form Solution of Absolute Orientation using Unit Quaternions,”
- Horn
- 1987
(Show Context)
Citation Context ...on the other surface and minimizing the sum of squared distances between the point sets. Closed form solutions to find the rigid body transformations between two point sets are readily available e.g. =-=[1,17,18,31]-=- and have been compared by Eggert et al [13]. Although [17] considered an isotropic noise model to reflect measurements of unequal quality, none of the methods is capable to handle anisotropic noise. ... |

795 |
Object modeling by registration of multiple range images
- Chen, Medioni
- 1991
(Show Context)
Citation Context ...ll pairwaise registration techniques have problems to find a good solution for the case of multiple datasets, since errors in the estimated transformations accumulate if views are added consecutively =-=[9]-=-. For that reason global registration techniques are needed. The solution of Turk and Levoy [27] requires a cylindrical scan that covers a large portion of the object. Linear scans are then registered... |

585 |
Least-square fitting of two 3-d point sets.
- Arun, Huang
- 1987
(Show Context)
Citation Context ...on the other surface and minimizing the sum of squared distances between the point sets. Closed form solutions to find the rigid body transformations between two point sets are readily available e.g. =-=[1,17,18,31]-=- and have been compared by Eggert et al [13]. Although [17] considered an isotropic noise model to reflect measurements of unequal quality, none of the methods is capable to handle anisotropic noise. ... |

548 |
Zippered polygon meshes from range images,” in
- Turk, Levoy
- 1994
(Show Context)
Citation Context ... A number of heuristics address the problem of partially overlapping surfaces. It is very common to discard correspondences that are too far apart and correspondences that lie on the surface boundary =-=[6,27]-=-. Other authors discard point pairs that are not compatible with the neighboring pairs [11]. All pairwaise registration techniques have problems to find a good solution for the case of multiple datase... |

222 | Multiview registration for large data sets.
- Pulli
- 1999
(Show Context)
Citation Context ...t each iteration. Because of a possible accumulation of registration errors, care has to be taken that the network topology minimizes the lengths of the paths between the nodes. The solution of Pulli =-=[22]-=- enforces constraints from pairwise registration in the global registration step. The method is particularly suited to register large data sets. Since only the constraints are used in global registrat... |

156 |
Towards a general multiview registration technique,”
- Bergevin, Soucy, et al.
- 1996
(Show Context)
Citation Context ...t simulated annealing, a stochastic optimization method, is used to minimize a total cost function. However, the high dimensional minimization problem requires a large processing time. Bergevin et al =-=[2]-=- build a network of transformations between different views. One view defines the reference frame. The correspondences from all possible pairings are used to simultaneously compute the transformations... |

151 |
R.B.: Estimating 3-D rigid body transformations: a comparison of four major algorithms.
- Eggert, Lorusso, et al.
- 1997
(Show Context)
Citation Context ...ed distances between the point sets. Closed form solutions to find the rigid body transformations between two point sets are readily available e.g. [1,17,18,31] and have been compared by Eggert et al =-=[13]-=-. Although [17] considered an isotropic noise model to reflect measurements of unequal quality, none of the methods is capable to handle anisotropic noise. In addition, the methods yield no informatio... |

142 | Registering Multiview Range Data to Create 3D Computer Objects,
- Blais, Martin
- 1993
(Show Context)
Citation Context ... A number of heuristics address the problem of partially overlapping surfaces. It is very common to discard correspondences that are too far apart and correspondences that lie on the surface boundary =-=[6,27]-=-. Other authors discard point pairs that are not compatible with the neighboring pairs [11]. All pairwaise registration techniques have problems to find a good solution for the case of multiple datase... |

116 | Simultaneous registration of multiple range views satisfying global consistency constraints for use in reverse engineering,” Computer Vision and Image Understanding,
- Eggert, Andrew
- 1996
(Show Context)
Citation Context ...Since only the constraints are used in global registration there is no need to keep the entire data set in memory, but good pairwise alignments are required. Stoddart and Hilton [24] and Eggert et als=-=[12]-=- independently followed a completely different approach. They perform a force-based optimization by simulating the interconnection of the data sets with springs between corresponding points and then s... |

104 |
Estimating 3-D Location Parameters Using Dual Number Quaternions,’’ CVGIP:
- Walker, Shao, et al.
- 1991
(Show Context)
Citation Context ...on the other surface and minimizing the sum of squared distances between the point sets. Closed form solutions to find the rigid body transformations between two point sets are readily available e.g. =-=[1,17,18,31]-=- and have been compared by Eggert et al [13]. Although [17] considered an isotropic noise model to reflect measurements of unequal quality, none of the methods is capable to handle anisotropic noise. ... |

89 | Better optical triangulation through spacetime analysis.
- Curless, Levoy
- 1995
(Show Context)
Citation Context ...nd the pattern (dot, stripe, multi dot/stripe or freely programmable, e.g. LCD projector) [23,35]. More recently, authors made an effort to improve aspects like calibration, accuracy and reliability. =-=[10]-=- consider the time evolution of the reflected pattern while sweeping a laser plane over the object. Their so-called spacetime analysis considerably reduces a number of error sources in traditional met... |

82 | Thirion, A Framework for Uncertainty and Validation of 3-D
- Pennec, J-P
- 1997
(Show Context)
Citation Context ...product between the local surface normal and the line of sight of the sensor. A complete framework to describe and treat uncertainty in point set registration has been developed by Pennec and Thirion =-=[20]-=-. They use extended Kalman filtering to estimate the parameters of a rigid body transformation and the parameters covariance matrix. However, the method does not solve the global registration problem.... |

78 |
Close-range camera calibration, Photogrammetric Engineering 37 (8
- Brown
- 1971
(Show Context)
Citation Context ...nto the image plane, considering imperfect cameras and lenses. Most commonly a specially designed test object is used to effectively compute the desired quantities from a few calibration measurements =-=[8,15]-=-. Since any short-term geometrically stable object can be used for calibration, there is no need for an accurate calibration normal. Nonetheless, at least one accurate distance (e.g. from a scale bar)... |

63 | Registration and integration of multiple object views for 3D model construction”,
- Dorai, Wang, et al.
- 1998
(Show Context)
Citation Context ...mon to discard correspondences that are too far apart and correspondences that lie on the surface boundary [6,27]. Other authors discard point pairs that are not compatible with the neighboring pairs =-=[11]-=-. All pairwaise registration techniques have problems to find a good solution for the case of multiple datasets, since errors in the estimated transformations accumulate if views are added consecutive... |

50 | Accurate 3D measurement using a structured light system,’’ Image Vis.
- Valkenburg, McIvor
- 1998
(Show Context)
Citation Context ...s might remain uncorrected. While direct calibration techniques are very popular for light stripe range finders, projection devices that generate 2D patterns have also been modeled as inverse cameras =-=[25,28,29,34]-=-. A range finder can only acquire those parts of an object, which are visible from a given viewpoint. Hence it is necessary to transform data from different viewpoints into one common coordinate syste... |

24 | Estimating Pose Uncertainty for Surface Registration
- Stoddart, Lemke, et al.
- 1996
(Show Context)
Citation Context ...ster large data sets. Since only the constraints are used in global registration there is no need to keep the entire data set in memory, but good pairwise alignments are required. Stoddart and Hilton =-=[24]-=- and Eggert et als[12] independently followed a completely different approach. They perform a force-based optimization by simulating the interconnection of the data sets with springs between correspon... |

23 |
Survey of Collision Avoidance and Ranging Sensors For Mobile Robots.
- Everett
- 1989
(Show Context)
Citation Context ...nd discusses the obtained results. 1.1 Previous Work A number of different sensor architectures have been proposed for the construction of range sensors. Comprehensive reviews can be found in [3] and =-=[14]-=-. Active triangulation is one of the most common methods for 3D surface acquisition. Such systems project specific light patterns onto the object. The light patterns are distorted by the object surfac... |

20 |
Real-time numerical peak detector,”
- Blais, Rioux
- 1986
(Show Context)
Citation Context ...loit the whole resolution of the projector (plus 20 Gray code images for ambiguity resolution). The line centers are detected with sub-pixel accuracy using a peak detector proposed by Blais and Rioux =-=[5]-=-. The detector performs a convolution of the greyvalue image with a fourth or eighth order linear filter (derivative operator). It then determines the sub-pixel position of the zero crossing in the co... |

19 | Calibration, data consistency and model acquisition with a 3-D laser striper. Int
- Trucco, Fisher, et al.
- 1998
(Show Context)
Citation Context ...bject. Their so-called spacetime analysis considerably reduces a number of error sources in traditional methods if surface discontinuities and changes in surface reflectance are present. Trucco et al =-=[26]-=- addressed the issues of calibration, stripe location and measurement consistency. They proposed several explicit consistency tests based on two-camera geometry. Calibration is usually performed using... |

17 |
Digital 3-D imaging: theory and applications
- Rioux
- 1994
(Show Context)
Citation Context ...llumination (laser or incoherent light source) and the dimensionality of the camera (matrix or linear array) and the pattern (dot, stripe, multi dot/stripe or freely programmable, e.g. LCD projector) =-=[23,35]-=-. More recently, authors made an effort to improve aspects like calibration, accuracy and reliability. [10] consider the time evolution of the reflected pattern while sweeping a laser plane over the o... |

8 |
Digital camera self-calibration,” ISPRS
- Fraser
- 1997
(Show Context)
Citation Context ...nto the image plane, considering imperfect cameras and lenses. Most commonly a specially designed test object is used to effectively compute the desired quantities from a few calibration measurements =-=[8,15]-=-. Since any short-term geometrically stable object can be used for calibration, there is no need for an accurate calibration normal. Nonetheless, at least one accurate distance (e.g. from a scale bar)... |

8 | Automated surface acquisition using range cameras
- PITO
- 1997
(Show Context)
Citation Context ...tion and the parameters covariance matrix. However, the method does not solve the global registration problem. Stoddart et al [24] extended this framework to the problem of surface registration. Pito =-=[21]-=- addressed the problem of insufficient shape information. He performed a qualitative analysis of geometric constraints with respect to rotation and translation and introduced a mechanical registration... |

8 |
Calibrating a Structured Light System
- Valkenburg, McIvor
- 1996
(Show Context)
Citation Context ...s might remain uncorrected. While direct calibration techniques are very popular for light stripe range finders, projection devices that generate 2D patterns have also been modeled as inverse cameras =-=[25,28,29,34]-=-. A range finder can only acquire those parts of an object, which are visible from a given viewpoint. Hence it is necessary to transform data from different viewpoints into one common coordinate syste... |

8 | Multiple View 3D Registration using Statistical Error Models,” in Vision Modeling and Visualization
- Williams, Bennamoun
- 1999
(Show Context)
Citation Context ... performed a qualitative analysis of geometric constraints with respect to rotation and translation and introduced a mechanical registration aid, on which he places the object. Williams and Bennamoun =-=[33]-=- recently described a global method for point set registration considering a three dimensional Gaussian error model. They also applied a robust (least median of squares) estimation technique but did n... |

6 | Data processing and calibration of a cross-pattern stripe projector,” in ISPRS Congress,
- Guehring, Brenner, et al.
- 2000
(Show Context)
Citation Context ...a token in one image, find the corresponding tokens in all other images. Once the correspondence problem is solved, the computation of object coordinates is straightforward. In a previous publication =-=[16]-=- we have proposed a new pattern design, together with a new evaluation method. The so-called line shift pattern consists of a Gray code sequence, followed by a sequence of parallel lines, achieved by ... |

6 |
High resolution measurement of phase-shift amplitude and numeric object phase calculation
- Wiora
- 2000
(Show Context)
Citation Context ...s might remain uncorrected. While direct calibration techniques are very popular for light stripe range finders, projection devices that generate 2D patterns have also been modeled as inverse cameras =-=[25,28,29,34]-=-. A range finder can only acquire those parts of an object, which are visible from a given viewpoint. Hence it is necessary to transform data from different viewpoints into one common coordinate syste... |

4 |
High-speed and non-contact validation of rapid prototyping parts
- Boulanger, Moron, et al.
- 1996
(Show Context)
Citation Context ...alidation using Statistical Error Models Coordinate measuring machines are the defacto standard for industrial part inspection, but suffer from limitations such as high cost and low measurement speed =-=[7]-=-. On the other hand, optical 3D shape acquisition systems provide fast and dense surface measurements without the need for physically probing surfaces, thus making them ideally suited for various appl... |

3 |
Vergleichende Betrachtung der verschiedenen strukturierten Lichtquellen von ABW
- Wolf
- 1996
(Show Context)
Citation Context ...llumination (laser or incoherent light source) and the dimensionality of the camera (matrix or linear array) and the pattern (dot, stripe, multi dot/stripe or freely programmable, e.g. LCD projector) =-=[23,35]-=-. More recently, authors made an effort to improve aspects like calibration, accuracy and reliability. [10] consider the time evolution of the reflected pattern while sweeping a laser plane over the o... |

2 |
optical imaging sensors Machine Vision
- Besl, Active
- 1988
(Show Context)
Citation Context ... paper and discusses the obtained results. 1.1 Previous Work A number of different sensor architectures have been proposed for the construction of range sensors. Comprehensive reviews can be found in =-=[3]-=- and [14]. Active triangulation is one of the most common methods for 3D surface acquisition. Such systems project specific light patterns onto the object. The light patterns are distorted by the obje... |

2 |
2634 Blatt 2 - Optische 3D-Meßsysteme - Systeme mit flächenhafter Antastung (Entwurf
- VDIVDE
- 2000
(Show Context)
Citation Context ...coordinate measurement machines on a national and international level [19]. To fill this gap, some national standard organizations are now working on similar standards for optical measurement systems =-=[30]-=-. Another reason is measurement uncertainty, which is not constant over the measurement volume. It rather depends on a number of factors like sensor hardware, sensing geometry and the shape and reflec... |

2 |
Iterative estimation of rotation and translatioin using the quaternion
- Wheeler, Ikeuchi
- 1995
(Show Context)
Citation Context ...he points s i and d i to be independent, the covariance Matrix Σ i is computed as T Σ i =Σ d + RΣ i s R (5) i We use a modified version of the iterative non-linear least squares solution described in =-=[32]-=-. They derive a simple form for the Jacobian of rotation with respect to quaternions when evaluated at the identity quaternion q I . In fact, only three rotation parameters (the vector part T [ q1 q2 ... |