### Citations

897 | Probability Theory: The Logic of Science.
- Jaynes
- 2003
(Show Context)
Citation Context ... the Maximum Entropysprocedure derived from information theory based on so-called Wallissderivation. The Wallis derivation is the result of a suggestion made by GrahamsWallis to E. T. Jaynes in 1962 (=-=Jaynes, 2003-=-). In the Wallis derivation of thesMaximum Entropy Principle, multinomial coefficients are used.s57 Let us suppose that the nature or society is carrying out N trials (repetitions) ofsan experiment an... |

892 | Econometric policy evaluations: a critique,” - Lucas - 1976 |

525 | Principles of Econometrics. - Theil - 1971 |

490 | A mathematical theory of communication.” The Bell system technical journal, - Shannon - 1948 |

259 |
Econometric Analysis, 4th Ed
- Greene
- 2000
(Show Context)
Citation Context ... priori information in the OLS estimation. Forssmall sample sizes OLS is the best linear unbiased estimator (BLUE) and forslarge sample sizes the estimator is consistent and asymptotically efficients(=-=Greene, 1997-=-, p.271-278). On the other hand, GME estimator uses a priorisinformation in the estimation process. In addition, Golan et al (1996, pp.117123) report that GME performs better than OLS with small sampl... |

254 | Prior probabilities. - Jaynes - 1968 |

252 | Entropy Optimization Principles with Applications - Kapur, Kesavan - 1992 |

176 | Mathematical Programming for Economic Analysis in Agriculture, - Hazell, Norton - 1986 |

175 | Quantitative development policy analysis, - Sadoulet, Janvry - 1995 |

152 | The decomposition algorithm for linear programming, - Dantzig, Wolfe - 1961 |

145 |
Spatial and Temporal Price Allocation Models.
- Takayama, Judge
- 1971
(Show Context)
Citation Context ...th price andsquantity equilibrium conditions are imposed on the primal problem (Plessnersand Heady, 1965). Second, one can use the linear complementaritysprogramming instead of quadratic programming (=-=Takayama and Judge, 1971-=-).sHowever, in this case the objective function no longer represents thesMarshallian surplus. Besides, to our knowledge, there is no application of PMPsmethodology using these algorithms, at least in ... |

129 |
Positive mathematical programming
- Howitt
- 1995
(Show Context)
Citation Context ...oved version of Kasnakoğlu and Howitt (1985) and Kasnakoğlu (1986).sLater, Bauer and Kasnakoğlu (1990) applied the PMP approach to TASM andsthe results showed consistent calibration over seven years (=-=Howitt, 1995-=-,sp.330).sThe following discussion will be based on the structure of TASM based onsKasnakoğlu and Bauer (1988). TASM incorporates production activities whichsaccount for over 90 % of the value of agri... |

101 | Disarray in World Food Markets: A Quantitative Assessment, Cambridge and New York: - Tyers, Anderson - 1992 |

87 | Science and statistics. - Box - 1976 |

58 |
Analysis of Ill-Posed Production Problems Using Maximum Entropy."
- Paris, Howitt
- 1988
(Show Context)
Citation Context ... factorization always exists for symmetric positive semi-definitesmatrices. It can be shown that ′LDL is a positive semi-definite matrix providedsthat all the diagonal elements of D are non-negative (=-=Paris and Howitt, 1998-=-,sp.128). To recover the marginal cost function based on maximum entropysformalism, the Cholesky parameters of L and D matrices are regarded assexpected values of associated probability distributions ... |

50 | Updating and Estimating a Social Accounting Matrix Using Cross Entrophy Mehods’, - Robinson, A, et al. - 2001 |

36 | Cropping Activities in Agricultural Sector Models: A Methodological Proposal." - McCarl - 1982 |

34 | Inflation, Tax Rules, and Investment: Some Econometric Evidence - Feldstein - 1982 |

34 |
Applied General Equilibrium Analysis of Agricultural Policies," mimeo
- Hertel
- 1989
(Show Context)
Citation Context ...e thesoutput and welfare effects by smoothing out tariff peaks which may exist at asdisaggregated level. Hence, aggregation of products can change the mainsqualitative findings of a simulation study (=-=Hertel, 1999-=-, p.8). Another problemswith excessive sectoral aggregation results from the fact that the differentiationsbetween agricultural and non-agricultural sectors is not clear due to thesrequirement of proc... |

32 | Spatial Equilibrium and Quadratic Programming - Takayama, Judge - 1964 |

28 | Applied mathematical programming using algebraic systems. Agricultural Economics Texas - McCarl, TH - 1997 |

27 | Estimating a social accounting matrix using cross entropy methods - Robinson, Cattaneo, et al. - 1998 |

25 | Reconciling household surveys and national accounts data using a cross entropy estimation method, The Review of Income and Wealth - Robilliard, Robinson - 2003 |

23 |
A calibration method for agricultural economic production models.American
- Howitt
- 1995
(Show Context)
Citation Context ...oved version of Kasnakoğlu and Howitt (1985) and Kasnakoğlu (1986).sLater, Bauer and Kasnakoğlu (1990) applied the PMP approach to TASM andsthe results showed consistent calibration over seven years (=-=Howitt, 1995-=-,sp.330).sThe following discussion will be based on the structure of TASM based onsKasnakoğlu and Bauer (1988). TASM incorporates production activities whichsaccount for over 90 % of the value of agri... |

22 | Exact Aggregation in Mathematical Programming Sector Models. Canadian Journal of Agricultural Economics/Revue Canadienne d’Agroeconomie 39(2 - Önal, McCarl - 1991 |

21 | Social Accounting Matrices and SAM-based Multiplier Analysis. Chapter 14
- Round
- 2003
(Show Context)
Citation Context ... that the sum of the row elements of SAM has to be equal to the sum of thescorresponding column elements. Thus the incomings and the outgoings of eachssector, factor and institution have to be equal (=-=Round, 2003-=-).sStatic and dynamic versions of the CGE models exist. However, as Bergmansand Magnus (2003) claim, there is slight ambiguity in the exact meaning ofs“dynamic” in this context. Models in which forwar... |

20 | Predatory Versus Productive Government: The Case of U.S - Rausser - 1992 |

19 | Agricultural Policies in OECD Countries at a Glance 2010. Paris: Organization for Economic Co-Operation and Development (OECD - OECD - 2010 |

18 | CGE Modeling of Environmental Policy and Resource - Bergman - 2005 |

15 | Spatial Price Equilibrium and - Samuelson - 1952 |

14 | Nonlinear Programming Models for Sector Policv Analysis - Bauer, Kasnakoglu - 1990 |

14 |
Effects of Including Agricultural Products in the Customs Union between Turkey and the EU: A Partial Equilibrium Analysis for Turkey
- Grethe
- 2004
(Show Context)
Citation Context ...ction cost for animalshusbandry is labor.sThe outputs of the livestock and poultry production activitiessare expressed in terms of kg/head for livestock production.s48 III.B.2. TURKSIM ModelsTURKSIM (=-=Grethe, 2003-=-) is a comparative static regional partial equilibriumsmodel for the Turkish agricultural sector. It employs an econometric supplysmodel based on behavioral equations. Model involves 14 crop products,... |

14 |
Positive Mathematical Programming with Multiple Data Points: A Cross-Sectional Estimation Procedure. Cahiers d'economie et Sociologie Rurales, 57: 28-50. http://www.inra.fr/esr/publications/cahiers/pdf/hec kelei.pdf
- Heckelei, Britz
- 2000
(Show Context)
Citation Context ...mposition are related in the following manner:sReplacing the “ones” on the diagonal triangular matrix L of ′=T LDLswith the square rootssof the corresponding diagonal elements of D produces ′=T LL . (=-=Heckelei and Britz, 2000-=-,sp.39)s92 11 11 11 21 11 31 21 11 21 21 22 22 21 31 22 32 31 11 31 21 32 22 31 31 32 32 33 33 l l l l l l l l l l l l l l l l l l l l l l l l l l l l ⎡ ⎤⎢ ⎥′= = + +⎢ ⎥⎢ ⎥+ + +⎣ ⎦ B L.Ls(100)sThis fin... |

13 | Export Supply and Import Demand Models for the Turkish Economy,”, The Central Bank of the Republic of Turkey, - Aydin, Ciplak, et al. - 2004 |

13 | From utopian theory to practical applications: The case of econometrics. In: Reimpression de les prix Nobel en 1969, 213{243. Also in: Bjerkholt, O - Frisch - 1970 |

12 | Principles, structure and application of a dynamic regional sector model of Finnish agriculture. - Lehtonen - 2001 |

8 | von Neumann and the von Neumann entropy
- Petz, “Entropy
- 2001
(Show Context)
Citation Context ...entropy” refers tos“energy” and the second part comes from Greek word “tropos” (τρoπή) whichsmeans turning point or transformation. Clausius’ work is the foundation stonesof classical thermodynamics (=-=Petz, 2001-=-). A profound discussion onsthermodynamic principles is well beyond the scope of this study. In order to besfamiliar with the concept of entropy in thermodynamics, the first and secondslaws of thermod... |

7 |
Agricultural Implications of Hungary's Accession to the EU – Partial versus General Equilibrium Effects. Paper presented for the 50th EAAE-Seminar. Giessen
- BANSE, TANGERMANN
- 1996
(Show Context)
Citation Context ...d inadequate representationsof physical resource constraints in CGE model. This situation is common insstandard CGE models with only one representative product produced in eachssector of the economy (=-=Banse and Tangermann, 1996-=-, p.5).sOn the other hand, CGE models can serve as policy laboratories within thesprocess of broad policy analysis. They underscore the main linkages among thesdifferent economic and social sectors of... |

7 | Aggregation of Heterogeneous Firms - Önal, McCarl - 1989 |

7 | Estimating a Social Accounting Matrix Using Entropy Difference - Robinson, El-Said - 1997 |

6 |
Concept and Application of an Agricultural Sector Model for Policy Analysis in Turkey
- Kasnakoglu, Bauer
- 1988
(Show Context)
Citation Context ... simulation, higher improvements in the product yieldssthan the first one is assumed.sOur model (TAGRIS) represents the third generation of policy impact analysissusing sector models, following TASM (=-=Kasnakoğlu and Bauer, 1988-=-) andsTASM-EU (Çakmak and Kasnakoğlu, 2002) and further develops andsimproves their methodologies. The basic calibration approach undertakensinvolves Positive Mathematical Programming with Maximum Ent... |

6 | GAMS Code for Estimating a Social Accounting Matrix Using Cross Entropy Methods - Robinson, El-Said - 2000 |

4 |
T.(1997): Positive Mathematical Programming: Review of the Standard Approach. CAPRI-working paper
- HECKELEI
(Show Context)
Citation Context ...ear objective function such that observed activity levels, whichscan be represented by the matrix of q , are reproduced by the optimal solutionsof the new programming problem without bounds (Step 2) (=-=Heckelei, 1997-=-,sp.3).sAs the First step of this procedure we rewrite the previous problem as follows:sMax Z ′ ′= − q p q c qssubject tos(I) with dual variable vector of≤Aq b πs(II) with dual variable vector ofs≤ +q... |

4 |
maximum entropy specification of PMP in CAPRI, CAPRI working paper 99-08
- Heckelei, Britz
- 1999
(Show Context)
Citation Context ...metrics following Golan et al (1996). Insthis section we will first review the contribution of Paris and Howitt (1998) andsthen pass to the multiple data point PMP with (generalized) maximum entropys(=-=Heckelei and Britz, 1999-=- and 2000). This second version is what our modelsuses supply calibration.sV.B.1. Basic ME-PMP VersionsIn order to recover the marginal cost function given by = + = +MC d Tq c λ ,sParis and Howitt (19... |

3 |
Structural Change and Market Opening in Turkish Agriculture, Paper presented in "Seminaire Analyse comparee des relations agricoles en libre-echange Nord-Sud" Monpellier
- Çakmak
- 2004
(Show Context)
Citation Context ...r subsidy has been held constant in nominal terms since 1997, resultingsin a reduction of the unit subsidy from approximately 45 % of the total price atsthe end of 1997 to approximately 15 % in 2001 (=-=Çakmak, 2004-=-, p.9).sTrade policies represent another group of policy instruments used in thesagricultural policies in Turkey. Prior to 1980, the imports of agriculturalsproducts were highly restricted. There were... |

3 | Search for New Balances - Cakmak, Kasnakoglu, et al. - 1999 |

3 |
Interactions between Turkey and EU in Agriculture: Analysis of Turkey’s Membership to EU
- Çakmak, Kasnakoğlu
- 2002
(Show Context)
Citation Context ...roduct yieldssthan the first one is assumed.sOur model (TAGRIS) represents the third generation of policy impact analysissusing sector models, following TASM (Kasnakoğlu and Bauer, 1988) andsTASM-EU (=-=Çakmak and Kasnakoğlu, 2002-=-) and further develops andsimproves their methodologies. The basic calibration approach undertakensinvolves Positive Mathematical Programming with Maximum Entropysfollowing Paris and Howitt (1998), pa... |

3 | Effects of Real Exchange Rate Changes on Canadian Agriculture: A General Equilibrium Evaluation - Güzel, Kulshreshtha - 1995 |

3 | The Evolution of Carnot's Principle, in MaximumEntropy and Bayesian Methods in - Jaynes - 1988 |

3 | TASM : Turkish Agricultural Sector Model - Kasnakoğlu - 1986 |

3 | Household Labor Force Survey Site, http://lmisnt.pub.die.gov.tr/die/plsql/ lmwebtur.lmwebform; 22: UFT (Undersecretariat for Foreign Trade) (2006a). Trade Statistics, http://www.dtm.gov.tr/ead/istatistik.htm - TurkStat - 2004 |

3 | A Theoretical and Empirical Analysis of Wheat Policy in Turkey, in World Agricultural Trade, edited by Tülay Yıldırım - Yıldırım, Furtan, et al. - 1998 |

2 | Medium-Term Growth Prospects for Turkish Agriculture: A Sector Model Approach, The Developing Economies - Çakmak - 1992 |

2 |
Turkish Agriculture in the 21st. Century with Special Reference to the Developments
- Çakmak, Akder
- 2005
(Show Context)
Citation Context ...svalue in 2005 except the crisis year of 2001. The share of Agro-Food exports instotal exports seems to be stabilized at around 10 percent, but the proportion ofsthe processed products is increasing (=-=Çakmak and Akder, 2005-=-).sTable 3 Basic Indicators of the Agro-Food Sector, 1996-2005s1998-99 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 GDP per capita (cur. USD) 3,012 2,941 2,146 2,622 3,412 4,187 - Agricultural Value-Added & Producti... |

2 |
Generalized Maximum Entropy (GME) Estimator: Formulation and a Monte Carlo Study, paper presented at the VII
- Eruygur
- 2005
(Show Context)
Citation Context ...a priorisinformation in the estimation process. In addition, Golan et al (1996, pp.117123) report that GME performs better than OLS with small samples,sparticularly for sample sizes smaller than ten (=-=Eruygur, 2005-=-).s114 The process used in the estimation of the yield growth involves two steps.sLong historical data from 1961 to 2005 about the yields of the productsscovered in the model are obtained from FAOSTAT... |

2 | Estimation of a Regionalized Mexican Social Accounting Matrix: Using Entropy Techniques to Reconcile Disparate - Harris - 2002 |

2 | Assessing the Consequences of Environmental Policy Scenarios - J - 2001 |

2 | Positive Quadratic Programming Models, Working Paper No.85-10, Department of Agricultural Economics - Howitt, Mean - 1985 |

2 | Recent developments in modeling the CAP: hype or hope? Paper presented - Salvatici - 2000 |

2 | Agricultural Structure: Production, Price, Value, Electronic files obtained from TurkStat, Various Dates - TurkStat |

2 | Technical Conversion Factors and Supply Balance Sheet of Agricultural Commodities in Turkey - Turkstat - 1983 |

1 | Input Use and Production Costs for Important Products - AERI |

1 | Accessible online at: http://www.medobs.org/panorama/rapport2005/Turquie/ProfilTUR05.pdf - Agriculture, Fisheries, et al. - 1999 |

1 |
CAPRI Modelling System Documentation, Institute for Food and Resource Economics (ILR
- Britz
- 2005
(Show Context)
Citation Context ...n, feed and processingsfunctions. The parameters of these functions are derived from elasticitiessborrowed from other studies and calibrated to projected quantities and prices insthe simulation year (=-=Britz, 2005-=-, p.83). The market model is a square (numbersof endogenous variables equals to the number of equations) system ofsequations based on behavioral equations which allows to capture manysinteractions sim... |

1 |
Agricultural Policy Reforms and Rural Development
- Çakmak
- 1998
(Show Context)
Citation Context ...rmined based onsFive Year Development Plans. Although several policy objectives were listedsin the official documents it seems that two of them have been always in thesminds of Turkish policy makers (=-=Çakmak, 1998-=-, p.3): (1) increasing yields andsproduction volume, and (2) increasing agricultural incomes and ensuringsincome stability. Apart from these two main objectives, policy makers gavesemphasis to realize... |

1 |
Special Edition
- Newsletter
- 2003
(Show Context)
Citation Context ...Reform of CAP. On June 26,s2003 the Commission agreed on the 2003 CAP reform and adopted it onsSeptember 29 of the same year.sThe key elements of the 2003 CAP reforms can be summarized as follows (EUs=-=Newsletter, 2003-=-):s(1) CAP becomes more market-oriented, simpler and less trade-distorting via:s• the introduction of a single payment scheme for EU farmers, which issindependent (i.e. “decoupled”) from production, w... |

1 | The 2003 Agricultural Year. Online: http://europe.eu.int/comm/agriculture/agrista/2003/table_en/index.htm European Commission, (2004b), Enlargement and agriculture. Online: http://ec.europa.eu/agriculture/publi/enlarge/text_en.pdf European Commission, var - Commission |

1 | Surface Areas of Provinces, http://www.hgk.mil.tr - Golan, Judge, et al. - 1999 |

1 | Turkey´s Accession to the EU - Grethe - 2005 |

1 | Experiences with Farm Sample Models in Sector Analysis - Hanf, Noell - 1989 |

1 |
The WTO Functions and Basic Principles, in: Development, Trade, and the WTO: A Handbook. The World Bank
- Hoekman
- 2002
(Show Context)
Citation Context ...tainsinstitutions allowing for the review of administrative decisions affecting trade,sto respond to requests for information by other WTO members, and to notifyschanges in trade policies to the WTO (=-=Hoekman, 2002-=-, p.44). The finalsprinciple embodies in the WTO is that, in specific circumstances, governmentssshould be able to restrict trade. This is known as the safety valves principle.s137 Three main reasons ... |

1 | The Turkish Agricultural Sector Model: A Positive Quadratic Programming Approach to Calibration and Validation, Working Paper No.85-9, Department of Agricultural Economics - Kasnakoğlu, Howitt - 1985 |

1 | Input Guide of Agricultural - Koral, Altun - 2000 |

1 | Turkey : Agricultural Sector Model, The World Bank AGREP Division. Working Paper No.67 - Le-Si, Scandizzo, et al. - 1983 |

1 | The Data Constrained GME Estimator of the GML: Asymptotic Theory and Inference, Working Paper - Mittelhammer, Cardell, et al. - 2002 |

1 | Estimating Income Mobility - Morley, Robinson, et al. - 1998 |

1 | User's Guide, Producer and Consumer Support Estimates - OECD - 2004 |

1 | Directorate of State Hydraulic Works - SHW - 1994 |

1 | Review of Agricultural Trade Models: An Assessment of Models with EU Policy Relevance, Paper presented at Third Annual Conference on Global Economic Analysis held in Monash - Tongeren, Meijl, et al. - 2000 |

1 | Population Census of 2000 - Turkstat |

1 | Trade Organization, http://www.wto.org WTO (World Trade Organization - WTO |