#### DMCA

## FLOW THROUGH NON-SUBMERGED VEGETATION: A FLUME EXPERIMENT WITH ARTIFICIAL VEGETATION

### Citations

592 |
Open-Channel Hydraulics.
- Chow
- 1973
(Show Context)
Citation Context ...ers is commonly established through a resistance relationship, such as Manning’s equation. Mostly, practitioner used photographs and tables to estimate Manning’s n resistance coefficient values, Chow =-=[10]-=-, Barnes [11]. Patryk and Bosmajian [12] developed a quantitative procedure for predicting the Manning’s n value of non- submerged vegetations. The analytical results showed that the n value increased... |

37 |
Analysis of flow through vegetation.
- Petryk, Bosmajian
- 1975
(Show Context)
Citation Context ...sistance relationship, such as Manning’s equation. Mostly, practitioner used photographs and tables to estimate Manning’s n resistance coefficient values, Chow [10], Barnes [11]. Patryk and Bosmajian =-=[12]-=- developed a quantitative procedure for predicting the Manning’s n value of non- submerged vegetations. The analytical results showed that the n value increased as depth if the vegetation density rema... |

23 |
Variation of roughness coefficients for unsubmerged and submerged vegetation.
- Wu, Shen, et al.
- 1999
(Show Context)
Citation Context ...ew and Tan [14] published their field observation on the resistance of non- submerged grass to water flow. Their research showed that the flow resistance was independent of water depth. Shen and Chow =-=[15]-=- used horse hair in channel to simulate non- submerged vegetation, the experiment results showed that the flow resistance decreases as the water depth increases in turbulent flow. The different result... |

18 |
Flow resistance of flexible and stiff vegetation: A flume study with natural plants
- Järvelä
(Show Context)
Citation Context ...2, Istanbul, Turkey capability of these processes, and in particular the influence of vegetation on flow resistance, because it may have a significant effect on the conveyance of the channel, Järvelä =-=[2]-=-. There has been increasing interest and research in floodplain management of rivers and natural waterways for a wide range of civil and water resource activities. In areas where flow occurs through v... |

18 |
Flow structure in depth-limited, vegetated flow.
- Nepf, Vivoni
- 2000
(Show Context)
Citation Context ...locity profile, Klopstra et al. [6], on biomechanics and streamlining of vegetation, Fahti-Maghadam & Kouwen [7], and on turbulence characterization for submerged rods and vegetation, Nepf and Vivoni =-=[8]-=-, López and Garcia [9]. For flow of water through non-submerged vegetation, previous investigations resulted in a series of relationships with only a very limited range of application (i.e., for a ver... |

18 |
Mean Flow and Turbulence Structure of Open Channel Flow Through Non-Emergent Vegetation
- Lopez, Garcia
- 2001
(Show Context)
Citation Context ...ra et al. [6], on biomechanics and streamlining of vegetation, Fahti-Maghadam & Kouwen [7], and on turbulence characterization for submerged rods and vegetation, Nepf and Vivoni [8], López and Garcia =-=[9]-=-. For flow of water through non-submerged vegetation, previous investigations resulted in a series of relationships with only a very limited range of application (i.e., for a very low range of velocit... |

12 |
Analytical model for hydraulic roughness of submerged vegetation
- Klopstra, Barneveld, et al.
- 1997
(Show Context)
Citation Context ...eriments with artificial and natural vegetation in flumes, Stephan and Gutknecht [4], Järvelä [2], Righetti & Armanini [5]; on analytical approaches for the vertical velocity profile, Klopstra et al. =-=[6]-=-, on biomechanics and streamlining of vegetation, Fahti-Maghadam & Kouwen [7], and on turbulence characterization for submerged rods and vegetation, Nepf and Vivoni [8], López and Garcia [9]. For flow... |

10 |
Roughness characteristics of natural channels. Geological Survey Water Supply Paper 1849
- Barnes
- 1967
(Show Context)
Citation Context ...ly established through a resistance relationship, such as Manning’s equation. Mostly, practitioner used photographs and tables to estimate Manning’s n resistance coefficient values, Chow [10], Barnes =-=[11]-=-. Patryk and Bosmajian [12] developed a quantitative procedure for predicting the Manning’s n value of non- submerged vegetations. The analytical results showed that the n value increased as depth if ... |

4 |
Shallow flow of water through non-submerged vegetation
- Turner, Chanmeesri
- 1984
(Show Context)
Citation Context ... n value of non- submerged vegetations. The analytical results showed that the n value increased as depth if the vegetation density remained relatively constant with flow depth. Turner and Chanmeesri =-=[13]-=- measured the resistance coefficient of wheat vegetation under non- submerged conditions. They found that the resistance coefficient per unit length decreases as the water depth increases. Chiew and T... |

2 |
Vegetative Roughness on Floodplains
- Fathi-Maghadam, Kouwen, et al.
- 1997
(Show Context)
Citation Context ...cht [4], Järvelä [2], Righetti & Armanini [5]; on analytical approaches for the vertical velocity profile, Klopstra et al. [6], on biomechanics and streamlining of vegetation, Fahti-Maghadam & Kouwen =-=[7]-=-, and on turbulence characterization for submerged rods and vegetation, Nepf and Vivoni [8], López and Garcia [9]. For flow of water through non-submerged vegetation, previous investigations resulted ... |

2 |
ASCE,(1992). “Friction resistance of overland flow on tropical turfed slop.” 118(1):92-97. 4-Fathi-Maghadam,M.,Kouwen,N.(1997). "Nonrigid,nonsubmerg vegetative roughness on floodplain"s
- 3-Chiew, tan
(Show Context)
Citation Context ...asured the resistance coefficient of wheat vegetation under non- submerged conditions. They found that the resistance coefficient per unit length decreases as the water depth increases. Chiew and Tan =-=[14]-=- published their field observation on the resistance of non- submerged grass to water flow. Their research showed that the flow resistance was independent of water depth. Shen and Chow [15] used horse... |

1 |
Interaction of reed distribution, hydraulics and river morphology
- James, Birkhead, et al.
(Show Context)
Citation Context ...atic organisms and enhancing amenity value for people. It is a key element in river functioning, through a three way, mutual feedback relationship with channel morphology and hydraulics, James et al. =-=[1]-=-: Vegetation and channel form determine hydraulic conditions for a given discharge; hydraulic conditions and channel form define habitat for vegetation establishment and growth; vegetation and hydraul... |

1 |
Hydraulic resistance of vegetation in river flow applications
- Hutchoff, Augustijn, et al.
- 2006
(Show Context)
Citation Context ...o two categories: flow over short, submerged vegetation and flow in tall, non-submerged vegetation. Many references can be found on research into the hydraulic roughness of vegetation, Huthoff et al. =-=[3]-=-. Research has been conducted on experiments with artificial and natural vegetation in flumes, Stephan and Gutknecht [4], Järvelä [2], Righetti & Armanini [5]; on analytical approaches for the vertica... |

1 |
Hydraulic resistance of submerged flexible vegetation
- unknown authors
- 2002
(Show Context)
Citation Context ...be found on research into the hydraulic roughness of vegetation, Huthoff et al. [3]. Research has been conducted on experiments with artificial and natural vegetation in flumes, Stephan and Gutknecht =-=[4]-=-, Järvelä [2], Righetti & Armanini [5]; on analytical approaches for the vertical velocity profile, Klopstra et al. [6], on biomechanics and streamlining of vegetation, Fahti-Maghadam & Kouwen [7], an... |

1 |
Flow resistance in open channel flows with sparsely distributed bushes
- unknown authors
- 2002
(Show Context)
Citation Context ...c roughness of vegetation, Huthoff et al. [3]. Research has been conducted on experiments with artificial and natural vegetation in flumes, Stephan and Gutknecht [4], Järvelä [2], Righetti & Armanini =-=[5]-=-; on analytical approaches for the vertical velocity profile, Klopstra et al. [6], on biomechanics and streamlining of vegetation, Fahti-Maghadam & Kouwen [7], and on turbulence characterization for s... |