Results 1  10
of
199
Split States, Entropy Enigmas, Holes and Halos
, 2007
"... We investigate degeneracies of BPS states of Dbranes on compact CalabiYau manifolds. We develop a factorization formula for BPS indices using attractor flow trees associated to multicentered black hole bound states. This enables us to study background dependence of the BPS spectrum, to compute e ..."
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Cited by 235 (22 self)
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We investigate degeneracies of BPS states of Dbranes on compact CalabiYau manifolds. We develop a factorization formula for BPS indices using attractor flow trees associated to multicentered black hole bound states. This enables us to study background dependence of the BPS spectrum, to compute explicitly exact indices of various nontrivial Dbrane systems, and to clarify the subtle relation of DonaldsonThomas invariants to BPS indices of stable D6D2D0 states, realized in supergravity as “hole halos. ” We introduce a convergent generating function for D4 indices in the large CY volume limit, and prove it can be written as a modular average of its polar part, generalizing the fareytail expansion of the elliptic genus. We show polar states are “split ” D6antiD6 bound states, and that the partition function factorizes accordingly, leading to a refined version of the OSV conjecture. This differs from the original conjecture in several aspects. In particular we obtain a nontrivial measure factor g −2 top e−K and find factorization requires a cutoff. We show that the main factor determining the cutoff and therefore the error is the existence of “swing states ” — D6 states which exist at large radius but do not form stable D6antiD6 bound states. We point out a likely breakdown of the OSV conjecture at small gtop (in the large background CY volume limit), due to the surprising phenomenon that for sufficiently large background Kähler moduli, a charge ΛΓ supporting single centered black holes of entropy ∼ Λ2S(Γ) also admits twocentered BPS black hole realizations whose entropy grows like Λ3 when Λ → ∞.
Curve counting via stable pairs in the derived category
, 2009
"... For a nonsingular projective 3fold X, we define integer invariants virtually enumerating pairs (C,D) where C ⊂ X is an embedded curve and D ⊂ C is a divisor. A virtual class is constructed on the associated moduli space by viewing a pair as an object in the derived category of X. The resulting in ..."
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Cited by 114 (21 self)
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For a nonsingular projective 3fold X, we define integer invariants virtually enumerating pairs (C,D) where C ⊂ X is an embedded curve and D ⊂ C is a divisor. A virtual class is constructed on the associated moduli space by viewing a pair as an object in the derived category of X. The resulting invariants are conjecturally equivalent, after universal transformations, to both the GromovWitten and DT theories of X. For CalabiYau 3folds, the latter equivalence should be viewed as a wallcrossing formula in the derived category. Several calculations of the new invariants are carried out. In the Fano case, the local contributions of nonsingular embedded curves are found. In the local toric CalabiYau case, a completely new form of the topological vertex is described. The virtual enumeration of pairs is closely related to the geometry underlying the BPS state counts of Gopakumar and Vafa. We
The Coble hypersurfaces
 C. R. Math. Acad. Sci. Paris
"... The title refers to the following nice observations of Coble. Let A be a complex abelian variety, of dimension g, and L a line bundle on A defining a principal ..."
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Cited by 68 (3 self)
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The title refers to the following nice observations of Coble. Let A be a complex abelian variety, of dimension g, and L a line bundle on A defining a principal
Arithmetic and Attractors
, 2003
"... We study relations between some topics in number theory and supersymmetric black holes. These relations are based on the “attractor mechanism ” of N = 2 supergravity. In IIB string compactification this mechanism singles out certain “attractor varieties. ” We show that these attractor varieties are ..."
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Cited by 66 (3 self)
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We study relations between some topics in number theory and supersymmetric black holes. These relations are based on the “attractor mechanism ” of N = 2 supergravity. In IIB string compactification this mechanism singles out certain “attractor varieties. ” We show that these attractor varieties are constructed from products of elliptic curves with complex multiplication for N = 4, 8 compactifications. The heterotic dual theories are related to rational conformal field theories. In the case of N = 4 theories Uduality inequivalent backgrounds with the same horizon area are counted by the class number of a quadratic imaginary field. The attractor varieties are defined over fields closely related to class fields of the quadratic imaginary field. We discuss some extensions to more general CalabiYau compactifications and explore further connections to arithmetic including connections to Kronecker’s Jugendtraum and the theory of modular heights. The paper also includes a short review of the attractor mechanism. A much shorter version of the paper summarizing the main points is the companion note entitled “Attractors and Arithmetic,” hepth/9807056.
Configurations in abelian categories. IV. Invariants and changing stability conditions
, 2007
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Noncommutative DonaldsonThomas theory and the conifold
, 2008
"... Given a quiver algebra A with relations defined by a superpotential, this paper defines a set of invariants of A counting framed cyclic Amodules, analogous to rank1 Donaldson–Thomas invariants of Calabi–Yau threefolds. For the special case when A is the noncommutative crepant resolution of the th ..."
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Cited by 63 (0 self)
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Given a quiver algebra A with relations defined by a superpotential, this paper defines a set of invariants of A counting framed cyclic Amodules, analogous to rank1 Donaldson–Thomas invariants of Calabi–Yau threefolds. For the special case when A is the noncommutative crepant resolution of the threefold ordinary double point, it is proved using torus localization that the invariants count certain pyramidshaped partitionlike configurations, or equivalently infinite dimer configurations in the square dimer model with a fixed boundary condition. The resulting partition function admits an infinite product expansion, which factorizes into the rank1 Donaldson–Thomas partition functions of the commutative crepant resolution of the singularity and its flop. The different partition functions are speculatively interpreted as counting stable objects in the derived category of Amodules under different stability conditions; their relationship should then be an instance of wall crossing in the space of stability conditions on this triangulated category.
GromovWitten/DonaldsonThomas correspondence for toric 3folds
, 2008
"... We prove the equivariant GromovWitten theory of a nonsingular toric 3fold X with primary insertions is equivalent to the equivariant DonaldsonThomas theory of X. As a corollary, the topological vertex calculations by Agangic, Klemm, Mariño, and Vafa of the GromovWitten theory of local CalabiYau ..."
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Cited by 61 (17 self)
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We prove the equivariant GromovWitten theory of a nonsingular toric 3fold X with primary insertions is equivalent to the equivariant DonaldsonThomas theory of X. As a corollary, the topological vertex calculations by Agangic, Klemm, Mariño, and Vafa of the GromovWitten theory of local CalabiYau toric 3folds are proven to be correct in the full 3leg setting.