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Quantum Information Theory and the Foundations of Quantum Mechanics
, 2004
"... This thesis is a contribution to the debate on the implications of quantum information theory for the foundational problems of quantum mechanics. In Part I an attempt is made to shed some light on the nature of information and quantum information theory. It is emphasized that the everyday notion of ..."
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Cited by 28 (7 self)
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This thesis is a contribution to the debate on the implications of quantum information theory for the foundational problems of quantum mechanics. In Part I an attempt is made to shed some light on the nature of information and quantum information theory. It is emphasized that the everyday notion of information is to be firmly distinguished from the technical notions arising in information theory; noun, hence does not refer to a particular or substance. The popular claim ‘Information is Physical ’ is assessed and it is argued that this proposition faces a destructive dilemma. Accordingly, the slogan may not be understood as an ontological claim, but at best, as a methodological one. A novel argument is provided against Dretske’s (1981) attempt to base a semantic notion of information on ideas from information theory. The function of various measures of information content for quantum systems is explored and the applicability of the Shannon information in the quantum context maintained against the challenge of Brukner and Zeilinger (2001). The phenomenon of quantum teleportation is then explored as a case study serving to emphasize the value of
Betting on the outcomes of measurements: a Bayesian theory of quantum probability
, 2003
"... We develop a systematic approach to quantum probability as a theory of rational bettingin quantum gambles. In these games of chance, the agent is betting in advance on the outcomes of several (finitely many) incompatible measurements. One of the measurements is subsequently chosen and performed and ..."
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Cited by 24 (4 self)
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We develop a systematic approach to quantum probability as a theory of rational bettingin quantum gambles. In these games of chance, the agent is betting in advance on the outcomes of several (finitely many) incompatible measurements. One of the measurements is subsequently chosen and performed and the money placed on the other measurements is returned to the agent. We show how the rules of rational betting imply all the interesting features of quantum probability, even in such finite gambles. These include the uncertainty principle and the violation of Bell’s inequality amongothers. Quantum gambles are closely related to quantum logic and provide a new semantics for it. We conclude with a philosophical discussion on the interpretation of quantum mechanics.
PROBABILISTIC THEORIES: WHAT IS SPECIAL ABOUT QUANTUM MECHANICS?
, 2009
"... Quantum Mechanics (QM) is a very special probabilistic theory, yet we don’t know which operational principles make it so. All axiomatization attempts suffer at least one postulate of a mathematical nature. Here I will analyze the possibility of deriving QM as the mathematical representation of a fa ..."
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Cited by 24 (5 self)
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Quantum Mechanics (QM) is a very special probabilistic theory, yet we don’t know which operational principles make it so. All axiomatization attempts suffer at least one postulate of a mathematical nature. Here I will analyze the possibility of deriving QM as the mathematical representation of a fair operational framework, i.e. a set of rules which allows the experimenter to make predictions on future events on the basis of suitable tests, e.g. without interference from uncontrollable sources. Two postulates need to be satisfied by any fair operational framework: NSF: nosignaling from the future—for the possibility of making predictions on the basis of past tests; PFAITH: existence of a preparationally faithful state—for the possibility of preparing any state and calibrating any test. I will show that all theories satisfying NSF admit a C ∗algebra representation of events as linear transformations of effects. Based on a very general notion of dynamical independence, it is easy to see that all such probabilistic theories are nonsignaling without interaction (nonsignaling for short)—another requirement for a fair operational framework. Postulate
Epistemology Quantized: Circumstances in Which We Should Come to Believe in the Everett Interpretation
 BRITISH JOURNAL FOR THE PHILOSOPHY OF SCIENCE
, 2006
"... I consider exactly what is involved in a solution to the probability problem of the Everett interpretation, in the light of recent work on applying considerations from decision theory to that problem. I suggest an overall framework for understanding probability in a physical theory, and conclude tha ..."
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Cited by 23 (6 self)
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I consider exactly what is involved in a solution to the probability problem of the Everett interpretation, in the light of recent work on applying considerations from decision theory to that problem. I suggest an overall framework for understanding probability in a physical theory, and conclude that this framework, when applied to the Everett interpretation, yields the result that that interpretation satisfactorily solves the measurement problem.
Quantumlike brain: ”Interference of minds
 Biosystems
"... We present a general contextualistic statistical model for constructing quantumlike representations in physics, cognitive and social sciences, psychology, economy. In this paper we use this model to describe cognitive experiments (in particular, in psychology) to check quantumlike structures of me ..."
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Cited by 19 (6 self)
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We present a general contextualistic statistical model for constructing quantumlike representations in physics, cognitive and social sciences, psychology, economy. In this paper we use this model to describe cognitive experiments (in particular, in psychology) to check quantumlike structures of mental processes. The crucial role is played by interference of probabilities corresponding to mental observables. Recently one of such experiments based on recognition of images was performed. This experiment confirmed my prediction on quantumlike behaviour of mind. We present the procedure of constructing the wave function of a cognitive context on the basis of statistical data for two incompatible mental observables. We discuss the structure of state spaces for cognitive systems. In fact, the general contextual probability theory predicts not only quantumlike trigonometric (cos θ) interference of probabilities, but also hyperbolic (cosh θ) interference of probabilities (as well as hypertrigonometric). In principle, statistical data obtained in experiments with cognitive systems can produce hyperbolic (cosh θ) interference of probabilities. At the moment there are no experimental confirmations of hyperbolic interference for cognitive systems.
On a supposed conceptual inadequacy of the Shannon information in quantum mechanics
 in Quantum Mechanics’, Studies in History and Philosophy of Modern Physics
, 2003
"... Recently, Brukner and Zeilinger (Phys. Rev. Lett. 83(17) (2001) 3354) have claimed that the Shannon information is not well defined as a measure of information in quantum mechanics, adducing arguments that seek to show that it is inextricably tied to classical notions of measurement. It is shown her ..."
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Cited by 16 (6 self)
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Recently, Brukner and Zeilinger (Phys. Rev. Lett. 83(17) (2001) 3354) have claimed that the Shannon information is not well defined as a measure of information in quantum mechanics, adducing arguments that seek to show that it is inextricably tied to classical notions of measurement. It is shown here that these arguments do not succeed: the Shannon information does not have problematic ties to classical concepts. In a further argument, Brukner and Zeilinger compare the Shannon information unfavourably to their preferred information measure, Ið~pÞ; with regard to the definition of a notion of ‘‘total information content.’ ’ This argument is found unconvincing and the relationship between individual measures of information and notions of ‘‘total information content’ ’ investigated. We close by considering the prospects of Zeilinger’s Foundational Principle as a foundational principle for quantum mechanics.
QuantumBayesian Coherence
, 2009
"... In a quantumBayesian take on quantum mechanics, the Born Rule cannot be interpreted as a rule for setting measurementoutcome probabilities from an objective quantum state. But if not, what is the role of the rule? In this paper, we argue that it should be seen as an empirical addition to Bayesian ..."
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Cited by 13 (1 self)
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In a quantumBayesian take on quantum mechanics, the Born Rule cannot be interpreted as a rule for setting measurementoutcome probabilities from an objective quantum state. But if not, what is the role of the rule? In this paper, we argue that it should be seen as an empirical addition to Bayesian reasoning itself. Particularly, we show how to view the Born Rule as a normative rule in addition to usual Dutchbook coherence. It is a rule that takes into account how one should assign probabilities to the consequences of various intended measurements on a physical system, but explicitly in terms of prior probabilities for and conditional probabilities consequent upon the imagined outcomes of a special counterfactual reference measurement. This interpretation is seen particularly clearly by representing quantum states in terms of probabilities for the outcomes of a fixed, fiducial symmetric informationally complete (SIC) measurement. We further explore the extent to which the general form of the new normative rule implies the
Why should we interpret quantum mechanics
 Foundations of Physics
, 2004
"... The development of quantum information theory has renewed interest in the idea that the state vector does not represent the state of a quantum system, but rather the knowledge or information that we may have on the system. I argue that this epistemic view of states appears to solve foundational prob ..."
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Cited by 12 (5 self)
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The development of quantum information theory has renewed interest in the idea that the state vector does not represent the state of a quantum system, but rather the knowledge or information that we may have on the system. I argue that this epistemic view of states appears to solve foundational problems of quantum mechanics only at the price of being essentially incomplete. KEY WORDS: quantum mechanics; interpretation; information. 1