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14
A short survey of noncommutative geometry
 J. Math. Physics
, 2000
"... We give a survey of selected topics in noncommutative geometry, with some emphasis on those directly related to physics, including our recent work with Dirk Kreimer on renormalization and the RiemannHilbert problem. We discuss at length two issues. The first is the relevance of the paradigm of geom ..."
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Cited by 49 (4 self)
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We give a survey of selected topics in noncommutative geometry, with some emphasis on those directly related to physics, including our recent work with Dirk Kreimer on renormalization and the RiemannHilbert problem. We discuss at length two issues. The first is the relevance of the paradigm of geometric space, based on spectral considerations, which is central in the theory. As a simple illustration of the spectral formulation of geometry in the ordinary commutative case, we give a polynomial equation for geometries on the four dimensional sphere with fixed volume. The equation involves an idempotent e, playing the role of the instanton, and the Dirac operator D. It expresses the gamma five matrix as the pairing between the operator theoretic chern characters of e and D. It is of degree five in the idempotent and four in the Dirac operator which only appears through its commutant with the idempotent. It determines both the sphere and all its metrics with fixed volume form. We also show using the noncommutative analogue of the Polyakov action, how to obtain the noncommutative metric (in spectral form) on the noncommutative tori from the formal naive metric. We conclude on some questions related to string theory. I
Cyclic cohomology, quantum group symmetries and the local index formula for SUq(2
 J. Inst. Math. Jussieu
"... We analyse the NCspace underlying the quantum group SUq(2) from the spectral point of view which is the basis of noncommutative geometry, and show how the general theory developped in our joint work with H. Moscovici applies to the specific spectral triple defined by Chakraborty and Pal. This provi ..."
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Cited by 49 (2 self)
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We analyse the NCspace underlying the quantum group SUq(2) from the spectral point of view which is the basis of noncommutative geometry, and show how the general theory developped in our joint work with H. Moscovici applies to the specific spectral triple defined by Chakraborty and Pal. This provides the pseudodifferential calculus, the Wodzcikitype residue, and the local cyclic cocycle giving the index formula. The cochain whose coboundary is the difference between the original Chern character and the local one is given by the remainders in the rational approximation of the logarithmic derivative of the Dedekind eta function. This specific example allows to illustrate the general notion of locality in NCG. The formulas computing the residue are ”local”. Locality by stripping all the expressions from irrelevant details makes them computable. The key feature of this spectral triple is its equivariance, i.e. the SUq(2)symmetry. We shall explain how this leads naturally to the general concept of invariant cyclic cohomology in the framework of quantum group symmetries.
Twisted homology of the quantum SL(2
, 2004
"... We calculate the twisted Hochschild and cyclic homology of the quantum group SLq(2) relative to a specific family of automorphisms. Our calculations are based on the free resolution of SLq(2) due to Masuda, Nakagami and Watanabe. 1 ..."
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Cited by 16 (5 self)
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We calculate the twisted Hochschild and cyclic homology of the quantum group SLq(2) relative to a specific family of automorphisms. Our calculations are based on the free resolution of SLq(2) due to Masuda, Nakagami and Watanabe. 1
Background independent geometry and Hopf cyclic cohomology
"... This is primarily a survey of the way in which Hopf cyclic cohomology has emerged and evolved, in close relationship with the application of the noncommutative local index formula to transverse index theory on foliations. Being Diffinvariant, the geometric framework that allowed us to treat the ‘sp ..."
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This is primarily a survey of the way in which Hopf cyclic cohomology has emerged and evolved, in close relationship with the application of the noncommutative local index formula to transverse index theory on foliations. Being Diffinvariant, the geometric framework that allowed us to treat the ‘space of leaves ’ of a general foliation provides a ‘background independent ’ setup for geometry that could be of relevance to the handling of the the background independence problem in quantum gravity. With this potential association in mind, we have added some new material, which complements the original paper and is also meant to facilitate its understanding. Section 2 gives a detailed description of the Hopf algebra that controls the ‘affine ’ transverse geometry of codimension n foliations, and Section 5 treats the relative version of Hopf cyclic cohomology in full generality, including the case of Hopf pairs with noncompact isotropy. Research supported by the National Science Foundation award no. DMS0245481.
NONCOMMUTATIVE GEOMETRY YEAR 2000
, 2000
"... Our geometric concepts evolved first through the discovery of NonEuclidean geometry. The discovery of quantum mechanics in the form of the noncommuting coordinates on the phase space of atomic systems entails an equally drastic evolution. We describe a basic construction which extends the familiar d ..."
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Cited by 4 (0 self)
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Our geometric concepts evolved first through the discovery of NonEuclidean geometry. The discovery of quantum mechanics in the form of the noncommuting coordinates on the phase space of atomic systems entails an equally drastic evolution. We describe a basic construction which extends the familiar duality between ordinary spaces and commutative algebras to a duality between Quotient spaces and Noncommutative algebras. The basic tools of the theory, Ktheory, Cyclic cohomology, Morita equivalence, Operator theoretic index theorems, Hopf algebra symmetry are reviewed. They cover the global aspects of noncommutative spaces, such as the transformation θ → 1/θ for the noncommutative torus T 2 θ which are unseen in perturbative expansions in θ such as star or Moyal products. We discuss the foundational problem of ”what is a manifold in NCG ” and explain the fundamental role of Poincare duality in Khomology which is the basic reason for the spectral point of view. This leads us, when specializing to 4geometries to a universal algebra called the ”Instanton algebra”. We describe our joint work with G. Landi which gives noncommutative spheres S4 θ from representations of the Instanton algebra. We show that any compact Riemannian spin manifold whose isometry group has rank r ≥ 2 admits isospectral deformations to noncommutative geometries. We give a survey of several recent developments. First our joint work with H. Moscovici on the transverse geometry of foliations which yields a diffeomorphism invariant (rather than the usual covariant one) geometry on the bundle of metrics on a manifold and a natural extension of cyclic cohomology to Hopf algebras. Second, our joint work with D. Kreimer on renormalization and the RiemannHilbert problem. Finally we describe the spectral realization of zeros of zeta and Lfunctions from the noncommutative space of Adele classes on a global field and its relation with the ArthurSelberg trace formula in the Langlands program. We end with a tentalizing connection between the renormalization group and the missing Galois theory at Archimedian places. 1 I
CYCLIC COHOMOLOGY AND HOPF SYMMETRY
, 2000
"... Cyclic cohomology has been recently adapted to the treatment of Hopf symmetry in noncommutative geometry. The resulting theory of characteristic classes for Hopf algebras and their actions on algebras allows to expand the range of applications of cyclic cohomology. It is the goal of the present pape ..."
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Cyclic cohomology has been recently adapted to the treatment of Hopf symmetry in noncommutative geometry. The resulting theory of characteristic classes for Hopf algebras and their actions on algebras allows to expand the range of applications of cyclic cohomology. It is the goal of the present paper to illustrate these recent developments, with special emphasis on the application to transverse index theory, and point towards future directions. In particular, we highlight the remarkable accord between our framework for cyclic cohomology of Hopf algebras on one hand and both the algebraic as well as the analytic theory of quantum groups on the other, manifest in the construction of the modular square.
Noncommutative Geometry and Fundamental Interactions: The First Ten Years
, 2008
"... This is the full text of a survey talk for nonspecialists, delivered at the 66th Annual Meeting of the German Physical Society in Leipzig, March 2002. We have not taken pains to suppress the colloquial style. References are given only insofar as they help to underline the points made; this is not a ..."
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This is the full text of a survey talk for nonspecialists, delivered at the 66th Annual Meeting of the German Physical Society in Leipzig, March 2002. We have not taken pains to suppress the colloquial style. References are given only insofar as they help to underline the points made; this is not a fullblooded survey. The connection between noncommutative field theory and string theory is mentioned, but deemphasized. Contributions to noncommutative geometry made in Germany are emphasized.