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315
Volume Rendering
, 1988
"... A technique for rendering images Of volumes containing mixtures of materials is presented. The shading model allows both the interior of a material and the boundary between materials to be colored. Image projection is performed by simulating the absorption of light along the ray path to the eye. The ..."
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Cited by 442 (2 self)
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A technique for rendering images Of volumes containing mixtures of materials is presented. The shading model allows both the interior of a material and the boundary between materials to be colored. Image projection is performed by simulating the absorption of light along the ray path to the eye. The algorithms used are designed to avoid artifacts caused by aliasing and quantization and can be efficiently implemented on an image computer. Images from a variety of applications are shown.
Polygonization of Implicit Surfaces
, 1988
"... This paper discusses a numerical technique that approximates an implicit surface with a polygonal representation. The implicit function is adaptively sampled as it is surrounded by a spatial partitioning. The partitioning is represented by an octree, which may either converge to the surface or track ..."
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Cited by 440 (5 self)
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This paper discusses a numerical technique that approximates an implicit surface with a polygonal representation. The implicit function is adaptively sampled as it is surrounded by a spatial partitioning. The partitioning is represented by an octree, which may either converge to the surface or track it. A piecewise polygonal representation is derived from the octree.
Mesh Optimization
, 1993
"... We present a method for solving the following problem: Given a set of data points scattered in three dimensions and an initial triangular mesh wH, produce a mesh w, of the same topological type as wH, that fits the data well and has a small number of vertices. Our approach is to minimize an energy f ..."
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Cited by 392 (8 self)
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We present a method for solving the following problem: Given a set of data points scattered in three dimensions and an initial triangular mesh wH, produce a mesh w, of the same topological type as wH, that fits the data well and has a small number of vertices. Our approach is to minimize an energy function that explicitly models the competing desires of conciseness of representation and fidelity to the data. We show that mesh optimization can be effectively used in at least two applications: surface reconstruction from unorganized points, and mesh simplification (the reduction of the number of vertices in an initially dense mesh of triangles).
Octrees for faster isosurface generation
 IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON MEDICAL IMAGING
, 2000
"... The large size of many volume data sets often prevents visualization algorithms from providing interactive rendering. The use of hierarchical data structures can ameliorate this problem by storing summary information to prevent useless exploration of regions of little or no current interest within ..."
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Cited by 322 (3 self)
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The large size of many volume data sets often prevents visualization algorithms from providing interactive rendering. The use of hierarchical data structures can ameliorate this problem by storing summary information to prevent useless exploration of regions of little or no current interest within the volume. This paper discusses research into the use of the octree hierarchical data structure when the regions of current interest can vary during the application, and are not known a priori. Octrees are well suited to the sixsided cell structure of many volumes. A new spaceefficient design is introduced for octree representations of volumes whose resolutions are not conveniently a power of two; octrees following this design are called branchonneed octrees (BONOs). Also, a caching method is described that essentially passes information between octree neighbors whose visitation times may be quite different, then discards it when its useful life is over. Using the application of octrees to isosurface generation as a focus, space and time comparisons for octreebased versus more traditional "marching" methods are presented.
Using Particles to Sample and Control Implicit Surfaces
, 1994
"... We present a new particlebased approach to sampling and controlling implicit surfaces. A simple constraint locks a set of particles onto a surface while the particles and the surface move. We use the constraint to make surfaces follow particles, and to make particles follow surfaces. We implement c ..."
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Cited by 256 (3 self)
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We present a new particlebased approach to sampling and controlling implicit surfaces. A simple constraint locks a set of particles onto a surface while the particles and the surface move. We use the constraint to make surfaces follow particles, and to make particles follow surfaces. We implement control points for direct manipulation by specifying particle motions, then solving for surface motion that maintains the constraint. For sampling and rendering, we run the constraint in the other direction, creating floater particles that roam freely over the surface. Local repulsion is used to make floaters spread evenly across the surface. By varying the radius of repulsion adaptively, and fissioning or killing particles based on the local density, we can achieve good sampling distributions very rapidly, and maintain them even in the face of rapid and extreme deformations and changes in surface topology. CR Categories: I.3.5 [Computer Graphics]: Computational Geometry and Object Modeling:...
Visual Models of Plants Interacting with Their Environment
, 1996
"... Interaction with the environment is a key factor affecting the development of plants and plant ecosystems. In this paper we introduce a modeling framework that makes it possible to simulate and visualize a wide range of interactions at the level of plant architecture. This framework extends the form ..."
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Cited by 155 (18 self)
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Interaction with the environment is a key factor affecting the development of plants and plant ecosystems. In this paper we introduce a modeling framework that makes it possible to simulate and visualize a wide range of interactions at the level of plant architecture. This framework extends the formalism of Lindenmayer systems with constructs needed to model bidirectional information exchange between plants and their environment. We illustrate the proposed framework with models and simulations that capture the development of tree branches limited by collisions, the colonizing growth of clonal plants competing for space in favorable areas, the interaction between roots competing for water in the soil, and the competition within and between trees for access to light. Computer animation and visualization techniques make it possible to better understand the modeled processes and lead to realistic images of plants within their environmental context. CR categories: F.4.2 [Mathematical Logi...
Fast surface reconstruction using the level set method
 In VLSM ’01: Proceedings of the IEEE Workshop on Variational and Level Set Methods
, 2001
"... In this paper we describe new formulations and develop fast algorithms for implicit surface reconstruction based on variational and partial differential equation (PDE) methods. In particular we use the level set method and fast sweeping and tagging methods to reconstruct surfaces from scattered data ..."
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Cited by 151 (12 self)
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In this paper we describe new formulations and develop fast algorithms for implicit surface reconstruction based on variational and partial differential equation (PDE) methods. In particular we use the level set method and fast sweeping and tagging methods to reconstruct surfaces from scattered data set. The data set might consist of points, curves and/or surface patches. A weighted minimal surfacelike model is constructed and its variational level set formulation is implemented with optimal efficiency. The reconstructed surface is smoother than piecewise linear and has a natural scaling in the regularization that allows varying flexibility according to the local sampling density. As is usual with the level set method we can handle complicated topology and deformations, as well as noisy or highly nonuniform data sets easily. The method is based on a simple rectangular grid, although adaptive and triangular grids are also possible. Some consequences, such as hole filling capability, are demonstrated, as well as the viability and convergence of our new fast tagging algorithm.
Interactive Techniques for Implicit Modeling
, 1990
"... Recent research has demonstrated the usefulness of implicit surfaces for modeling geometric objects. The interactive design of such surfaces has not, however, received the same attention as has the design of parametric surfaces. Principally this is due to the difficulty of controlling the shape of i ..."
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Cited by 150 (13 self)
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Recent research has demonstrated the usefulness of implicit surfaces for modeling geometric objects. The interactive design of such surfaces has not, however, received the same attention as has the design of parametric surfaces. Principally this is due to the difficulty of controlling the shape of implicit surfaces while displaying the changes quickly enough for use within an interactive design environment. This paper describes progress towards interactive control of implicit surfaces and introduces new techniques useful to the designer.
Speeding up isosurface extraction using interval trees
 IEEE Transactions on Visualization and Computer Graphics
, 1997
"... ..."
Interactive ray tracing for volume visualization
 IEEE Transactions on Visualization and Computer Graphics
, 1999
"... AbstractWe present a bruteforce ray tracing system for interactive volume visualization, The system runs on a conventional (distributed) sharedmemory multiprocessor machine. For each pixel we trace a ray through a volume to compute the color for that pixel. Although this method has high intrinsic ..."
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Cited by 120 (26 self)
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AbstractWe present a bruteforce ray tracing system for interactive volume visualization, The system runs on a conventional (distributed) sharedmemory multiprocessor machine. For each pixel we trace a ray through a volume to compute the color for that pixel. Although this method has high intrinsic computational cost, its simplicity and scalability make it ideal for large datasets on current highend parallel systems. To gain efficiency several optimizations are used including a volume bricking scheme and a shallow data hierarchy. These optimizations are used in three separate visualization algorithms: isosurfacing of rectilinear data, isosurfacing of unstructured data, and maximumintensity projection on rectilinear data. The system runs interactively (i.e., several frames per second) on an SGI Reality Monster. The graphics capabilities of the Reality Monster are used only for display of the final color image. Index TermsRay tracing, visualization, isosurface, maximumintensity projection.