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378
ChernSimons Gauge Theory as a String Theory
, 2003
"... Certain two dimensional topological field theories can be interpreted as string theory backgrounds in which the usual decoupling of ghosts and matter does not hold. Like ordinary string models, these can sometimes be given spacetime interpretations. For instance, threedimensional ChernSimons gaug ..."
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Cited by 545 (13 self)
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Certain two dimensional topological field theories can be interpreted as string theory backgrounds in which the usual decoupling of ghosts and matter does not hold. Like ordinary string models, these can sometimes be given spacetime interpretations. For instance, threedimensional ChernSimons gauge theory can arise as a string theory. The worldsheet model in this case involves a topological sigma model. Instanton contributions to the sigma model give rise to Wilson line insertions in the spacetime ChernSimons theory. A certain holomorphic analog of ChernSimons theory can also arise as a string theory.
Perturbative gauge theory as a string theory in twistor space
 COMMUN. MATH. PHYS
, 2003
"... Perturbative scattering amplitudes in YangMills theory have many unexpected properties, such as holomorphy of the maximally helicity violating amplitudes. To interpret these results, we Fourier transform the scattering amplitudes from momentum space to twistor space, and argue that the transformed ..."
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Cited by 385 (1 self)
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Perturbative scattering amplitudes in YangMills theory have many unexpected properties, such as holomorphy of the maximally helicity violating amplitudes. To interpret these results, we Fourier transform the scattering amplitudes from momentum space to twistor space, and argue that the transformed amplitudes are supported on certain holomorphic curves. This in turn is apparently a consequence of an equivalence between the perturbative expansion of N = 4 super YangMills theory and the Dinstanton expansion of a certain string theory, namely the topological B model whose target space is the CalabiYau supermanifold CP 34.
Localization of gauge theory on a foursphere and supersymmetric Wilson loops
, 2007
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ElectricMagnetic duality and the geometric Langlands program
, 2006
"... The geometric Langlands program can be described in a natural way by compactifying on a Riemann surface C a twisted version of N = 4 super YangMills theory in four dimensions. The key ingredients are electricmagnetic duality of gauge theory, mirror symmetry of sigmamodels, branes, Wilson and ’t H ..."
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Cited by 294 (26 self)
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The geometric Langlands program can be described in a natural way by compactifying on a Riemann surface C a twisted version of N = 4 super YangMills theory in four dimensions. The key ingredients are electricmagnetic duality of gauge theory, mirror symmetry of sigmamodels, branes, Wilson and ’t Hooft operators, and topological field theory. Seemingly esoteric notions of the geometric Langlands program, such as Hecke
Orientifolds and Mirror symmetry
, 2003
"... We study parity symmetries and crosscap states in classes of N = 2 supersymmetric quantum field theories in 1+1 dimensions, including nonlinear sigma models, gauged WZW models, LandauGinzburg models, and linear sigma models. The parity anomaly and its cancellation play important roles in many of t ..."
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Cited by 271 (11 self)
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We study parity symmetries and crosscap states in classes of N = 2 supersymmetric quantum field theories in 1+1 dimensions, including nonlinear sigma models, gauged WZW models, LandauGinzburg models, and linear sigma models. The parity anomaly and its cancellation play important roles in many of them. The case of the N = 2 minimal model are studied in RCFT, and LG models. We also identify mirror pairs of orientifolds, extending the correspondence between symplectic geometry and algebraic geometry by including unorientable worldsheets. Through the analysis in various models and comparison in the overlapping regimes, we obtain a global picture of orientifolds and Dbranes.
Phases of N = 2 theories in two dimensions
 NUCL. PHYS. B
, 1993
"... By looking at phase transitions which occur as parameters are varied in supersymmetric gauge theories, a natural relation is found between sigma models based on CalabiYau hypersurfaces in weighted projective spaces and LandauGinzburg models. The construction permits one to recover the known corres ..."
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Cited by 235 (1 self)
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By looking at phase transitions which occur as parameters are varied in supersymmetric gauge theories, a natural relation is found between sigma models based on CalabiYau hypersurfaces in weighted projective spaces and LandauGinzburg models. The construction permits one to recover the known correspondence between these types of models and to greatly extend it to include new classes of manifolds and also to include models with (0, 2) worldsheet supersymmetry. The construction also predicts the possibility of certain physical processes involving a change in the topology of spacetime.
Summing the Instantons: Quantum Cohomology and Mirror Symmetry in Toric Varieties
, 1995
"... We use the gauged linear sigma model introduced by Witten to calculate instanton expansions for correlation functions in topological sigma models with target space a toric variety V or a Calabi–Yau hypersurface M ⊂ V. In the linear model the instanton moduli spaces are relatively simple objects and ..."
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Cited by 162 (14 self)
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We use the gauged linear sigma model introduced by Witten to calculate instanton expansions for correlation functions in topological sigma models with target space a toric variety V or a Calabi–Yau hypersurface M ⊂ V. In the linear model the instanton moduli spaces are relatively simple objects and the correlators are explicitly computable; moreover, the instantons can be summed, leading to explicit solutions for both kinds of models. In the case of smooth V, our results reproduce and clarify an algebraic solution of the V model due to Batyrev. In addition, we find an algebraic relation determining the solution for M in terms of that for V. Finally, we propose a modification of the linear model which computes instanton expansions about any limiting point in the moduli space. In the smooth case this leads to a (second) algebraic solution of the M model. We use this description to prove some conjectures about mirror symmetry, including the previously conjectured “monomialdivisor mirror map” of Aspinwall, Greene, and Morrison.
Lectures on 2D YangMills Theory, Equivariant Cohomology and Topological Field Theories
, 1996
"... These are expository lectures reviewing (1) recent developments in twodimensional YangMills theory and (2) the construction of topological field theory Lagrangians. Topological field theory is discussed from the point of view of infinitedimensional differential geometry. We emphasize the unifying ..."
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Cited by 139 (13 self)
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These are expository lectures reviewing (1) recent developments in twodimensional YangMills theory and (2) the construction of topological field theory Lagrangians. Topological field theory is discussed from the point of view of infinitedimensional differential geometry. We emphasize the unifying role of equivariant cohomology both as the underlying principle in the formulation of BRST transformation laws and as a central concept in the geometrical interpretation of topological field theory path integrals.
The Verlinde Algebra and the Cohomology of the Grassmannian
, 1993
"... The article is devoted to a quantum field theory explanation of the relationship between the Verlinde algebra of the group U(k) at level N −k and the “quantum” cohomology of the Grassmannian of complex k planes in N space. In §2, I explain the relation between the Verlinde algebra and the gauged WZW ..."
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Cited by 135 (3 self)
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The article is devoted to a quantum field theory explanation of the relationship between the Verlinde algebra of the group U(k) at level N −k and the “quantum” cohomology of the Grassmannian of complex k planes in N space. In §2, I explain the relation between the Verlinde algebra and the gauged WZW model of G/G; in §3, I describe the quantum cohomology and its origin in a quantum field theory; and in §4, I present a path integral argument for mapping between them.
Stability conditions on K3 surfaces
"... Abstract. This paper contains a description of one connected component of the space of stability conditions on the bounded derived category of coherent sheaves on a complex algebraic K3 surface. 1. ..."
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Cited by 126 (5 self)
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Abstract. This paper contains a description of one connected component of the space of stability conditions on the bounded derived category of coherent sheaves on a complex algebraic K3 surface. 1.