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A gradient descent rule for spiking neurons emitting multiple spikes
 INFORMATION PROCESSING LETTERS
, 2005
"... A supervised learning rule for Spiking Neural Networks (SNNs) is presented that can cope with neurons that spike multiple times. The rule is developed by extending the existing SpikeProp algorithm which could only be used for one spike per neuron. The problem caused by the discontinuity in the spike ..."
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A supervised learning rule for Spiking Neural Networks (SNNs) is presented that can cope with neurons that spike multiple times. The rule is developed by extending the existing SpikeProp algorithm which could only be used for one spike per neuron. The problem caused by the discontinuity in the spike process is counteracted with a simple but effective rule, which makes the learning process more efficient. Our learning rule is successfully tested on a classification task of Poisson spike trains. We also applied the algorithm on a temporal version of the XOR problem and show that it is possible to learn this classical problem using only one spiking neuron making use of a hairtrigger situation.
Computationally efficient simulation of extracellular recordings with multielectrode arrays
"... In this paper we present a novel, computationally and memory efficient way of modeling the spatial dependency of measured spike waveforms in extracellular recordings of neuronal activity. We use compartment models to simulate action potentials in neurons and then apply linear source approximation to ..."
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In this paper we present a novel, computationally and memory efficient way of modeling the spatial dependency of measured spike waveforms in extracellular recordings of neuronal activity. We use compartment models to simulate action potentials in neurons and then apply linear source approximation to calculate the resulting extracellular spike waveform on a three dimensional grid of measurement points surrounding the neurons. We then apply traditional compression techniques and polynomial fitting to obtain a compact mathematical description of the spatial dependency of the spike waveform. We show how the compressed models can be used to efficiently calculate the spike waveform from a neuron in a large set of measurement points simultaneously and how the same procedure can be inversed to calculate the spike waveforms from a large set of neurons at a single electrode position. The compressed models have been implemented into an object oriented simulation tool that allows the simulation of multielectrode recordings that capture the variations in spike waveforms that are expected to arise between the different recording channels. The computational simplicity of our approach allows the simulation of a multichannel recording of signals from large populations of neurons while simulating the activity of every neuron with a high level of detail. We have validated our compressed models against the original data obtained from the compartment models and we have shown, by example, how the simulation approach presented here can be used to quantify the performance in spike sorting as a function of electrode position.
Identifying features in spike trains using binless similarity
, 2012
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Strategies for HighPerformance ResourceEfficient Compression of Neural Spike Recordings
"... Brainmachine interfaces (BMIs) based on extracellular recordings with microelectrodes provide means of observing the activities of neurons that orchestrate fundamental brain function, and are therefore powerful tools for exploring the function of the brain. Due to physical restrictions and risks fo ..."
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Brainmachine interfaces (BMIs) based on extracellular recordings with microelectrodes provide means of observing the activities of neurons that orchestrate fundamental brain function, and are therefore powerful tools for exploring the function of the brain. Due to physical restrictions and risks for postsurgical complications, wired BMIs are not suitable for longterm studies in freely behaving animals. Wireless BMIs ideally solve these problems, but they call for lowcomplexity techniques for data compression that ensure maximum utilization of the wireless link and energy resources, as well as minimum heat dissipation in the surrounding tissues. In this paper, we analyze the performances of various system architectures that involve spike detection, spike alignment and spike compression. Performance is analyzed in terms of spike reconstruction and spike sorting performance after wireless transmission of the compressed spike waveforms. Compression is performed with transform coding, using five different compression bases, one of which we pay special attention to. That basis is a fixed basis derived, by singular value decomposition, from a large assembly of experimentally obtained spike waveforms, and therefore represents a generic basis specially suitable for compressing spike waveforms. Our results show that a compression factor of 99.8%, compared to transmitting the raw acquired data, can be achieved using the fixed generic compression basis without compromising performance in spike reconstruction and spike sorting. Besides illustrating the relative performances of various system architectures and compression bases, our findings show that
Olaf Booij a, ∗ Hieu tat Nguyen a
"... gradient descent rule for spiking neurons emitting multiple spikes ..."
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"... A mechanistic model of motion processing in the early visual system by ..."
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