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Quantum field theory on noncommutative spaces
"... A pedagogical and selfcontained introduction to noncommutative quantum field theory is presented, with emphasis on those properties that are intimately tied to string theory and gravity. Topics covered include the WeylWigner correspondence, noncommutative Feynman diagrams, UV/IR mixing, noncommuta ..."
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Cited by 397 (26 self)
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A pedagogical and selfcontained introduction to noncommutative quantum field theory is presented, with emphasis on those properties that are intimately tied to string theory and gravity. Topics covered include the WeylWigner correspondence, noncommutative Feynman diagrams, UV/IR mixing, noncommutative YangMills theory on infinite space and on the torus, Morita equivalences of noncommutative gauge theories, twisted reduced models, and an indepth study of the gauge group of noncommutative YangMills theory. Some of the more mathematical ideas and
On conformal field theories
 in fourdimensions,” Nucl. Phys. B533
, 1998
"... We review the generalization of field theory to spacetime with noncommuting coordinates, starting with the basics and covering most of the active directions of research. Such theories are now known to emerge from limits of M theory and string theory, and to describe quantum Hall states. In the last ..."
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Cited by 366 (1 self)
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We review the generalization of field theory to spacetime with noncommuting coordinates, starting with the basics and covering most of the active directions of research. Such theories are now known to emerge from limits of M theory and string theory, and to describe quantum Hall states. In the last few years they have been studied intensively, and many qualitatively new phenomena have been discovered, both on the classical and quantum level. Submitted to Reviews of Modern Physics.
Black Hole Entropy Function, Attractors and Precision Counting of Microstates
, 2007
"... In these lecture notes we describe recent progress in our understanding of attractor mechanism and entropy of extremal black holes based on the entropy function formalism. We also describe precise computation of the microscopic degeneracy of a class of quarter BPS dyons in N = 4 supersymmetric strin ..."
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Cited by 326 (28 self)
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In these lecture notes we describe recent progress in our understanding of attractor mechanism and entropy of extremal black holes based on the entropy function formalism. We also describe precise computation of the microscopic degeneracy of a class of quarter BPS dyons in N = 4 supersymmetric string theories, and compare the statistical entropy of these dyons, expanded in inverse powers of electric and magnetic charges, with a similar expansion of the corresponding black hole entropy. This comparison is extended to include the contribution to the entropy from multicentered black holes as well.
ElectricMagnetic duality and the geometric Langlands program
, 2006
"... The geometric Langlands program can be described in a natural way by compactifying on a Riemann surface C a twisted version of N = 4 super YangMills theory in four dimensions. The key ingredients are electricmagnetic duality of gauge theory, mirror symmetry of sigmamodels, branes, Wilson and ’t H ..."
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Cited by 300 (26 self)
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The geometric Langlands program can be described in a natural way by compactifying on a Riemann surface C a twisted version of N = 4 super YangMills theory in four dimensions. The key ingredients are electricmagnetic duality of gauge theory, mirror symmetry of sigmamodels, branes, Wilson and ’t Hooft operators, and topological field theory. Seemingly esoteric notions of the geometric Langlands program, such as Hecke
Universality of the Tachyon Potential
 J. High Energy Phys
, 1999
"... Using string field theory, we argue that the tachyon potential on a Dbrane antiDbrane system in type II string theory in arbitrary background has a universal form, independent of the boundary conformal field theory describing the brane. This implies that if at the minimum of the tachyon potential ..."
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Cited by 175 (7 self)
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Using string field theory, we argue that the tachyon potential on a Dbrane antiDbrane system in type II string theory in arbitrary background has a universal form, independent of the boundary conformal field theory describing the brane. This implies that if at the minimum of the tachyon potential the total energy of the brane antibrane system vanishes in a particular background, then it vanishes in any other background. Similar result holds for the tachyon potential of the nonBPS Dbranes of type II string theory, and the Dbranes of bosonic string theory. 1
Noncommutative manifolds, the instanton algebra and isospectral deformations
 Comm. Math. Phys
"... We give new examples of noncommutative manifolds that are less standard than the NCtorus or Moyal deformations of R n. They arise naturally from basic considerations of noncommutative differential topology and have nontrivial global features. The new examples include the instanton algebra and the ..."
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Cited by 172 (29 self)
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We give new examples of noncommutative manifolds that are less standard than the NCtorus or Moyal deformations of R n. They arise naturally from basic considerations of noncommutative differential topology and have nontrivial global features. The new examples include the instanton algebra and the NC4spheres S4 θ. We construct the noncommutative algebras A = C ∞ (S4 θ) of functions on NCspheres as solutions to the vanishing, chj(e) = 0,j < 2, of the Chern character in the cyclic homology of A of an idempotent e ∈ M4(A), e2 = e, e = e ∗. We describe the universal noncommutative space obtained from this equation as a noncommutative Grassmanian as well as the corresponding notion of admissible morphisms. This space Gr contains the suspension of a NC3sphere intimately related to quantum group deformations SUq(2) of SU(2) but for unusual values (complex values of modulus one) of the parameter q of qanalogues, q = exp(2πiθ). We then construct the noncommutative geometry of S4 θ as given by a spectral triple (A, H,D) and check all axioms of noncommutative manifolds. In a previous paper it was shown that for any Riemannian metric gµν on S4 whose volume form √ g d4x is the same as the one for the round metric, the corresponding Dirac operator gives a solution to the following quartic equation, e − 1
Noncommutative Renormalization
 SÉMINAIRE POINCARÉ X (2007) 1 – 81
, 2007
"... A new version of scale analysis and renormalization theory has been found on the noncommutative Moyal space. It could be useful for physics beyond the standard model or for standard physics in strong external field. The good news is that quantum field theory is better behaved on noncommutative tha ..."
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Cited by 169 (28 self)
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A new version of scale analysis and renormalization theory has been found on the noncommutative Moyal space. It could be useful for physics beyond the standard model or for standard physics in strong external field. The good news is that quantum field theory is better behaved on noncommutative than on ordinary space: indeed it has no Landau ghost. Noncommutativity might therefore be an alternative to supersymmetry. We review this rapidly growing subject.
Higher spin gauge theories: starproduct and AdS space”, Contributed article to Golfand’s Memorial Volume “Many faces of the superworld
 by M.Shifman, World Scientific Publishing Co Pte Ltd
, 2000
"... We review the theory of higher spin gauge fields in 2+1 and 3+1 dimensional antide Sitter space and present some new results on the structure of higher spin currents and explicit solutions of the massless equations. A previously obtained d=3 integrating flow is generalized to d=4 and is shown to gi ..."
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Cited by 166 (20 self)
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We review the theory of higher spin gauge fields in 2+1 and 3+1 dimensional antide Sitter space and present some new results on the structure of higher spin currents and explicit solutions of the massless equations. A previously obtained d=3 integrating flow is generalized to d=4 and is shown to give rise to a perturbative solution of the d=4 nonlinear higher spin equations. A particular attention is paid to the relationship between the starproduct origin of the higher spin symmetries, AdS geometry and the concept of spacetime locality. 1
de Sitter string vacua from supersymmetric Dterms
 JHEP
, 2003
"... Abstract: We propose a new mechanism for obtaining de Sitter vacua in type IIB string theory compactified on (orientifolded) CalabiYau manifolds similar to those recently studied by Kachru, Kallosh, Linde and Trivedi (KKLT). dS vacuum appears in KKLT model after uplifting an AdS vacuum by adding an ..."
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Cited by 161 (20 self)
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Abstract: We propose a new mechanism for obtaining de Sitter vacua in type IIB string theory compactified on (orientifolded) CalabiYau manifolds similar to those recently studied by Kachru, Kallosh, Linde and Trivedi (KKLT). dS vacuum appears in KKLT model after uplifting an AdS vacuum by adding an antiD3brane, which explicitly breaks supersymmetry. We accomplish the same goal by adding fluxes of gauge fields within the D7branes, which induce a Dterm potential in the effective 4D action. In this way we obtain dS space as a spontaneously broken vacuum from a purely supersymmetric 4D action. We argue that our approach can be directly extended to heterotic string vacua, with the dilaton potential obtained from a combination of gaugino condensation and the Dterms generated by anomalous U(1) gauge groups. 1
A Review on Tachyon Condensation in Open String Field Theories
"... We review the recent studies of tachyon condensation in string field theory. After introducing the open string field theory both for bosonic string and for superstring, we use them to examine the conjecture that the unstable configurations of the Dbrane will decay into the ‘closed string vacuum ’ t ..."
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Cited by 141 (4 self)
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We review the recent studies of tachyon condensation in string field theory. After introducing the open string field theory both for bosonic string and for superstring, we use them to examine the conjecture that the unstable configurations of the Dbrane will decay into the ‘closed string vacuum ’ through the tachyon condensation. And we describe the attemps to construct a lower dimensional bosonic Dbrane as an unstable lump solution of the string field equation. We obtain exact results from another formulation, background independent open string field theory. We also discuss some other topics which are related to tachyon condensation in string theory, such as the construction of a Dbrane as a noncommutative soliton