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String theory and noncommutative geometry
 JHEP
, 1999
"... We extend earlier ideas about the appearance of noncommutative geometry in string theory with a nonzero Bfield. We identify a limit in which the entire string dynamics is described by a minimally coupled (supersymmetric) gauge theory on a noncommutative space, and discuss the corrections away from ..."
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Cited by 801 (8 self)
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We extend earlier ideas about the appearance of noncommutative geometry in string theory with a nonzero Bfield. We identify a limit in which the entire string dynamics is described by a minimally coupled (supersymmetric) gauge theory on a noncommutative space, and discuss the corrections away from this limit. Our analysis leads us to an equivalence between ordinary gauge fields and noncommutative gauge fields, which is realized by a change of variables that can be described explicitly. This change of variables is checked by comparing the ordinary DiracBornInfeld theory with its noncommutative counterpart. We obtain a new perspective on noncommutative gauge theory on a torus, its Tduality, and Morita equivalence. We also discuss the D0/D4 system, the relation to Mtheory in DLCQ, and a possible noncommutative version of the sixdimensional (2, 0) theory. 8/99
SeibergWitten prepotential from instanton counting
, 2002
"... In my lecture I consider integrals over moduli spaces of supersymmetric gauge field configurations (instantons, Higgs bundles, torsion free sheaves). The applications are twofold: physical and mathematical; they involve supersymmetric quantum mechanics of Dparticles in various dimensions, direct co ..."
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Cited by 496 (9 self)
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In my lecture I consider integrals over moduli spaces of supersymmetric gauge field configurations (instantons, Higgs bundles, torsion free sheaves). The applications are twofold: physical and mathematical; they involve supersymmetric quantum mechanics of Dparticles in various dimensions, direct computation of the celebrated SeibergWitten prepotential, sum rules for the solutions of the Bethe ansatz equations and their relation to the Laumon’s nilpotent cone. As a byproduct we derive some combinatoric identities involving the sums over Young tableaux.
Noncommutative Perturbative Dynamics
 hepth/9912072; M. Van Raamsdonk and N. Seiberg, “Comments On Noncommutative Perturbative Dynamics,” JHEP 0003 (2000) 035, hepth/0002186
"... We study the perturbative dynamics of noncommutative field theories on Rd, and find an intriguing mixing of the UV and the IR. High energies of virtual particles in loops produce nonanalyticity at low momentum. Consequently, the low energy effective action is singular at zero momentum even when the ..."
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Cited by 368 (1 self)
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We study the perturbative dynamics of noncommutative field theories on Rd, and find an intriguing mixing of the UV and the IR. High energies of virtual particles in loops produce nonanalyticity at low momentum. Consequently, the low energy effective action is singular at zero momentum even when the original noncommutative field theory is massive. Some of the nonplanar diagrams of these theories are divergent, but we interpret these divergences as IR divergences and deal with them accordingly. We explain how this UV/IR mixing arises from the underlying noncommutativity. This phenomenon is reminiscent of the channel duality of the double twist diagram in open string theory.
On conformal field theories
 in fourdimensions,” Nucl. Phys. B533
, 1998
"... We review the generalization of field theory to spacetime with noncommuting coordinates, starting with the basics and covering most of the active directions of research. Such theories are now known to emerge from limits of M theory and string theory, and to describe quantum Hall states. In the last ..."
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Cited by 366 (1 self)
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We review the generalization of field theory to spacetime with noncommuting coordinates, starting with the basics and covering most of the active directions of research. Such theories are now known to emerge from limits of M theory and string theory, and to describe quantum Hall states. In the last few years they have been studied intensively, and many qualitatively new phenomena have been discovered, both on the classical and quantum level. Submitted to Reviews of Modern Physics.
Gravity coupled with matter and the foundation of non commutative geometry
, 1996
"... We first exhibit in the commutative case the simple algebraic relations between the algebra of functions on a manifold and its infinitesimal length element ds. Its unitary representations correspond to Riemannian metrics and Spin structure while ds is the Dirac propagator ds = ×— × = D −1 where D i ..."
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Cited by 354 (18 self)
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We first exhibit in the commutative case the simple algebraic relations between the algebra of functions on a manifold and its infinitesimal length element ds. Its unitary representations correspond to Riemannian metrics and Spin structure while ds is the Dirac propagator ds = ×— × = D −1 where D is the Dirac operator. We extend these simple relations to the non commutative case using Tomita’s involution J. We then write a spectral action, the trace of a function of the length element in Planck units, which when applied to the non commutative geometry of the Standard Model will be shown (in a joint work with Ali Chamseddine) to give the SM Lagrangian coupled to gravity. The internal fluctuations of the non commutative geometry are trivial in the commutative case but yield the full bosonic sector of SM with all correct quantum numbers in the slightly non commutative case. The group of local gauge transformations appears spontaneously as a normal subgroup of the diffeomorphism group.
The quantum structure of spacetime at the Planck scale and quantum fields
 COMMUN. MATH. PHYS. 172, 187–220 (1995)
, 1995
"... We propose uncertainty relations for the different coordinates of spacetime events, motivated by Heisenberg’s principle and by Einstein’s theory of classical gravity. A model of Quantum Spacetime is then discussed where the commutation relations exactly implement our uncertainty relations. We outl ..."
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Cited by 337 (6 self)
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We propose uncertainty relations for the different coordinates of spacetime events, motivated by Heisenberg’s principle and by Einstein’s theory of classical gravity. A model of Quantum Spacetime is then discussed where the commutation relations exactly implement our uncertainty relations. We outline the definition of free fields and interactions over QST and take the first steps to adapting the usual perturbation theory. The quantum nature of the underlying spacetime replaces a local interaction by a specific nonlocal effective interaction in the ordinary Minkowski space. A detailed study of interacting QFT and of the smoothing of ultraviolet divergences is deferred to a subsequent paper. In the classical limit where the Planck length goes to zero, our Quantum Spacetime reduces to the ordinary Minkowski space times a two component space whose components are homeomorphic to the tangent bundle TS 2 of the 2–sphere. The relations with Connes’ theory of the standard model will be studied elsewhere.
Strings in background electric field, space/time noncommutativity and a new noncritical string theory
, 2000
"... Searching for space/time noncommutativity we reconsider open strings in a constant background electric field. The main difference between this situation and its magnetic counterpart is that here there is a critical electric field beyond which the theory does not make sense. We show that this critica ..."
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Cited by 186 (2 self)
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Searching for space/time noncommutativity we reconsider open strings in a constant background electric field. The main difference between this situation and its magnetic counterpart is that here there is a critical electric field beyond which the theory does not make sense. We show that this critical field prevents us from finding a limit in which the theory becomes a field theory on a noncommutative spacetime. However, an appropriate limit toward the critical field leads to a novel noncritical string theory on a noncommutative spacetime.