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15
A Cheeger inequality for the graph connection Laplacian
, 2012
"... The O(d) Synchronization problem consists of estimating a set of n unknown orthogonal d × d matrices O1,..., On from noisy measurements of a subset of the pairwise ratios OiO −1 j. We formulate and prove a Cheegertype inequality that relates a measure of how well it is possible to solve the O(d) sy ..."
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Cited by 24 (14 self)
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The O(d) Synchronization problem consists of estimating a set of n unknown orthogonal d × d matrices O1,..., On from noisy measurements of a subset of the pairwise ratios OiO −1 j. We formulate and prove a Cheegertype inequality that relates a measure of how well it is possible to solve the O(d) synchronization problem with the spectra of an operator, the graph Connection Laplacian. We also show how this inequality provides a worst case performance guarantee for a spectral method to solve this problem.
EXACT AND STABLE RECOVERY OF ROTATIONS FOR ROBUST SYNCHRONIZATION
, 1211
"... Abstract. The synchronization problem over the special orthogonal group SO(d) consists of estimating a set of unknown rotations R1, R2,..., Rn from noisy measurements of a subset of their pairwise ratios R −1 i Rj. The problem has found applications in computer vision, computer graphics, and sensor ..."
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Cited by 22 (9 self)
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Abstract. The synchronization problem over the special orthogonal group SO(d) consists of estimating a set of unknown rotations R1, R2,..., Rn from noisy measurements of a subset of their pairwise ratios R −1 i Rj. The problem has found applications in computer vision, computer graphics, and sensor network localization, among others. Its least squares solution can be approximated by either spectral relaxation or semidefinite programming followed by a rounding procedure, analogous to the approximation algorithms of MaxCut. The contribution of this paper is threefold: First, we introduce a robust penalty function involving the sum of unsquared deviations and derive a relaxation that leads to a convex optimization problem; Second, we apply the alternating direction method to minimize the penalty function; Finally, under a specific model of the measurement noise and the measurement graph, we prove that the rotations are exactly and stably recovered, exhibiting a phase transition behavior in terms of the proportion of noisy measurements. Numerical simulations confirm the phase transition behavior for our method as well as its improved accuracy compared to existing methods. Key words. Synchronization of rotations; least unsquared deviation; semidefinite relaxation; and alternating direction method 1. Introduction. The
Global registration of multiple point clouds using semidefinite programming. arXiv:1306.5226 [cs.CV
, 2013
"... ABSTRACT. Consider N points in R d and M local coordinate systems that are related through unknown rigid transforms. For each point we are given (possibly noisy) measurements of its local coordinates in some of the coordinate systems. Alternatively, for each coordinate system, we observe the coordin ..."
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Cited by 8 (4 self)
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ABSTRACT. Consider N points in R d and M local coordinate systems that are related through unknown rigid transforms. For each point we are given (possibly noisy) measurements of its local coordinates in some of the coordinate systems. Alternatively, for each coordinate system, we observe the coordinates of a subset of the points. The problem of estimating the global coordinates of the N points (up to a rigid transform) from such measurements comes up in distributed approaches to molecular conformation and sensor network localization, and also in computer vision and graphics. The leastsquares formulation, though nonconvex, has a well known closedform solution for the case M = 2 (based on the singular value decomposition). However, no closed form solution is known for M ≥ 3. In this paper, we propose a semidefinite relaxation of the leastsquares formulation, and prove conditions for exact and stable recovery for both this relaxation and for a previously proposed spectral relaxation. In particular, using results from rigidity theory and the theory of semidefinite programming, we prove that the semidefinite relaxation can guarantee recovery under more adversarial measurements compared to the spectral counterpart. We perform numerical experiments on simulated data to confirm the theoretical findings. We empirically demonstrate that (a) unlike the spectral relaxation, the relaxation gap is mostly zero for the semidefinite program (i.e., we are able to solve the original nonconvex problem) up to a certain noise threshold, and (b) the semidefinite program performs significantly better than spectral and manifoldoptimization methods, particularly at large noise levels.
Cramérrao bounds for synchronization of rotations
 CoRR
"... Synchronization of rotations is the problem of estimating a set of rotations Ri ∈ SO(n), i = 1... N based on noisy measurements of relative rotations RiR ⊤ j. This fundamental problem has found many recent applications, most importantly in structural biology. We provide a framework to study synchron ..."
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Cited by 5 (5 self)
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Synchronization of rotations is the problem of estimating a set of rotations Ri ∈ SO(n), i = 1... N based on noisy measurements of relative rotations RiR ⊤ j. This fundamental problem has found many recent applications, most importantly in structural biology. We provide a framework to study synchronization as estimation on Riemannian manifolds for arbitrary n under a large family of noise models. The noise models we address encompass zeromean isotropic noise, and we develop tools for Gaussianlike as well as heavytail types of noise in particular. As a main contribution, we derive the CramérRao bounds of synchronization, that is, lowerbounds on the variance of unbiased estimators. We find that these bounds are structured by the pseudoinverse of the measurement graph Laplacian, where edge weights are proportional to measurement quality. We leverage this to provide interpretation in terms of random walks and visualization tools for these bounds in both the anchored and anchorfree scenarios. Similar bounds previously established were limited to rotations in the plane and Gaussianlike noise. Synchronization of rotations, estimation on manifolds, estimation on graphs, graph Laplacian, Fisher information, CramérRao bounds, distributions on the rotation group, Langevin. 2000 Math Subject Classification: 62F99, 94C15, 22C05, 05C12, 1
Vector diffusion maps and random matrices with random blocks
, 2014
"... Vector diffusion maps (VDM) is a modern data analysis technique that is starting to be applied for the analysis of high dimensional and massive datasets. Motivated by this technique, we study matrices that are akin to the ones appearing in the null case of VDM, i.e the case where there is no structu ..."
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Vector diffusion maps (VDM) is a modern data analysis technique that is starting to be applied for the analysis of high dimensional and massive datasets. Motivated by this technique, we study matrices that are akin to the ones appearing in the null case of VDM, i.e the case where there is no structure in the dataset under investigation. Developing this understanding is important in making sense of the output of the VDM algorithm whether there is signal or not. We hence develop a theory explaining the behavior of the spectral distribution of a large class of random matrices, in particular random matrices with random block entries. Numerical work shows that the agreement between our theoretical predictions and numerical simulations is generally very good. 1
Connection graph Laplacian methods can be made robust to noise
, 2014
"... Recently, several data analytic techniques based on connection graph laplacian (CGL) ideas have appeared in the literature. At this point, the properties of these methods are starting to be understood in the setting where the data is observed without noise. We study the impact of additive noise on t ..."
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Recently, several data analytic techniques based on connection graph laplacian (CGL) ideas have appeared in the literature. At this point, the properties of these methods are starting to be understood in the setting where the data is observed without noise. We study the impact of additive noise on these methods, and show that they are remarkably robust. As a byproduct of our analysis, we propose modifications of the standard algorithms that increase their robustness to noise. We illustrate our results in numerical simulations.
Analysis of an Exact
 Fractional Step Method, J. Comp. Physics
"... and stable recovery of rotations for robust synchronization R ..."
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and stable recovery of rotations for robust synchronization R
Temporal ordering and registration of images in studies of developmental dynamics
"... Abstract Dynamics of developmental progress is commonly reconstructed from imaging snapshots of chemical or mechanical processes in fixed embryos. As a first step in these reconstructions, snapshots must be spatially registered and ordered in time. Currently, image registration and ordering is ofte ..."
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Abstract Dynamics of developmental progress is commonly reconstructed from imaging snapshots of chemical or mechanical processes in fixed embryos. As a first step in these reconstructions, snapshots must be spatially registered and ordered in time. Currently, image registration and ordering is often done manually, requiring a significant amount of expertise with a specific system. However, as the sizes of imaging data sets grow, these tasks become increasingly difficult, especially when the images are noisy and the examined developmental changes are subtle. To address these challenges, we present an automated approach to simultaneously register and temporally order imaging data sets. The approach is based on vector diffusion maps, a manifold learning technique that does not require a priori knowledge of image features or a parametric model of the developmental dynamics. We illustrate this approach by registering and ordering data from imaging studies of pattern formation and morphogenesis in three different model systems. We also provide software to aid in the application of our methodology to other experimental data sets.
unknown title
"... Using a distributed SDP approach to solve simulated protein molecular conformation problems Xingyuan Fang and KimChuan Toh Abstract This paper presents various enhancements to the DISCO algorithm (originally introduced by Leung and Toh [18] for anchorfree graph realization in R d) for applications ..."
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Using a distributed SDP approach to solve simulated protein molecular conformation problems Xingyuan Fang and KimChuan Toh Abstract This paper presents various enhancements to the DISCO algorithm (originally introduced by Leung and Toh [18] for anchorfree graph realization in R d) for applications to conformation of protein molecules in R 3. In our enhanced DISCO algorithm for simulated protein molecular conformation problems, we have incorporated distance information derived from chemistry knowledge such as bond lengths and angles to improve the robustness of the algorithm. We also designed heuristics to detect whether a subgroup is well localized and significantly improved the robustness of the stitching process. Tests are performed on molecules taken from the Protein Data Bank. Given only 20 % of the interatomic distances less than 6 ˚A that are corrupted by high level of noises (to simulate noisy distance restraints generated from nuclear magnetic resonance experiments), our improved algorithm is