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The Graph Crossing Number and its Variants: A Survey
"... The crossing number is a popular tool in graph drawing and visualization, but there is not really just one crossing number; there is a large family of crossing number notions of which the crossing number is the best known. We survey the rich variety of crossing number variants that have been introdu ..."
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The crossing number is a popular tool in graph drawing and visualization, but there is not really just one crossing number; there is a large family of crossing number notions of which the crossing number is the best known. We survey the rich variety of crossing number variants that have been introduced in the literature for purposes that range from studying the theoretical underpinnings of the crossing number to crossing minimization for visualization problems. 1 So, Which Crossing Number is it? The crossing number, cr(G), of a graph G is the smallest number of crossings required in any drawing of G. Or is it? According to a popular introductory textbook on combinatorics [320, page 40] the crossing number of a graph is “the minimum number of pairs of crossing edges in a depiction of G”. So, which one is it? Is there even a difference? To start with the second question, the easy answer is: yes, obviously there is a difference, the difference between counting all crossings and counting pairs of edges that cross. But maybe these different ways of counting don’t make a difference and always come out
String graphs and separators
, 2014
"... String graphs, that is, intersection graphs of curves in the plane, have been studied since the 1960s. We provide an expository presentation of several results, including very recent ones: some string graphs require an exponential number of crossings in every string representation; exponential numbe ..."
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String graphs, that is, intersection graphs of curves in the plane, have been studied since the 1960s. We provide an expository presentation of several results, including very recent ones: some string graphs require an exponential number of crossings in every string representation; exponential number is always sufficient; string graphs have small separators; and the current best bound on the crossing number of a graph in terms of paircrossing number. For the existence of small separators, the proof includes generally useful results on approximate flowcut dualities.