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Ideal spatial adaptation by wavelet shrinkage
 Biometrika
, 1994
"... With ideal spatial adaptation, an oracle furnishes information about how best to adapt a spatially variable estimator, whether piecewise constant, piecewise polynomial, variable knot spline, or variable bandwidth kernel, to the unknown function. Estimation with the aid of an oracle o ers dramatic ad ..."
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Cited by 1251 (5 self)
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With ideal spatial adaptation, an oracle furnishes information about how best to adapt a spatially variable estimator, whether piecewise constant, piecewise polynomial, variable knot spline, or variable bandwidth kernel, to the unknown function. Estimation with the aid of an oracle o ers dramatic advantages over traditional linear estimation by nonadaptive kernels � however, it is a priori unclear whether such performance can be obtained by a procedure relying on the data alone. We describe a new principle for spatiallyadaptive estimation: selective wavelet reconstruction. Weshowthatvariableknot spline ts and piecewisepolynomial ts, when equipped with an oracle to select the knots, are not dramatically more powerful than selective wavelet reconstruction with an oracle. We develop a practical spatially adaptive method, RiskShrink, which works by shrinkage of empirical wavelet coe cients. RiskShrink mimics the performance of an oracle for selective wavelet reconstruction as well as it is possible to do so. A new inequality inmultivariate normal decision theory which wecallthe oracle inequality shows that attained performance di ers from ideal performance by at most a factor 2logn, where n is the sample size. Moreover no estimator can give a better guarantee than this. Within the class of spatially adaptive procedures, RiskShrink is essentially optimal. Relying only on the data, it comes within a factor log 2 n of the performance of piecewise polynomial and variableknot spline methods equipped with an oracle. In contrast, it is unknown how or if piecewise polynomial methods could be made to function this well when denied access to an oracle and forced to rely on data alone.
The Lumigraph
 In Proceedings of SIGGRAPH 96
, 1996
"... This paper discusses a new method for capturing the complete appearanceof both synthetic and real world objects and scenes, representing this information, and then using this representation to render images of the object from new camera positions. Unlike the shape capture process traditionally used ..."
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Cited by 1034 (43 self)
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This paper discusses a new method for capturing the complete appearanceof both synthetic and real world objects and scenes, representing this information, and then using this representation to render images of the object from new camera positions. Unlike the shape capture process traditionally used in computer vision and the rendering process traditionally used in computer graphics, our approach does not rely on geometric representations. Instead we sample and reconstruct a 4D function, which we call a Lumigraph. The Lumigraph is a subset of the complete plenoptic function that describes the flow of light at all positions in all directions. With the Lumigraph, new images of the object can be generated very quickly, independent of the geometric or illumination complexity of the scene or object. The paper discusses a complete working system including the capture of samples, the construction of the Lumigraph, and the subsequent rendering of images from this new representation. 1
Factoring wavelet transforms into lifting steps
 J. Fourier Anal. Appl
, 1998
"... ABSTRACT. This paper is essentially tutorial in nature. We show how any discrete wavelet transform or two band subband filtering with finite filters can be decomposed into a finite sequence of simple filtering steps, which we call lifting steps but that are also known as ladder structures. This dec ..."
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Cited by 573 (8 self)
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ABSTRACT. This paper is essentially tutorial in nature. We show how any discrete wavelet transform or two band subband filtering with finite filters can be decomposed into a finite sequence of simple filtering steps, which we call lifting steps but that are also known as ladder structures. This decomposition corresponds to a factorization of the polyphase matrix of the wavelet or subband filters into elementary matrices. That such a factorization is possible is wellknown to algebraists (and expressed by the formula); it is also used in linear systems theory in the electrical engineering community. We present here a selfcontained derivation, building the decomposition from basic principles such as the Euclidean algorithm, with a focus on applying it to wavelet filtering. This factorization provides an alternative for the lattice factorization, with the advantage that it can also be used in the biorthogonal, i.e, nonunitary case. Like the lattice factorization, the decomposition presented here asymptotically reduces the computational complexity of the transform by a factor two. It has other applications, such as the possibility of defining a waveletlike transform that maps integers to integers. 1.
The Lifting Scheme: A Construction Of Second Generation Wavelets
, 1997
"... . We present the lifting scheme, a simple construction of second generation wavelets, wavelets that are not necessarily translates and dilates of one fixed function. Such wavelets can be adapted to intervals, domains, surfaces, weights, and irregular samples. We show how the lifting scheme leads to ..."
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Cited by 541 (16 self)
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. We present the lifting scheme, a simple construction of second generation wavelets, wavelets that are not necessarily translates and dilates of one fixed function. Such wavelets can be adapted to intervals, domains, surfaces, weights, and irregular samples. We show how the lifting scheme leads to a faster, inplace calculation of the wavelet transform. Several examples are included. Key words. wavelet, multiresolution, second generation wavelet, lifting scheme AMS subject classifications. 42C15 1. Introduction. Wavelets form a versatile tool for representing general functions or data sets. Essentially we can think of them as data building blocks. Their fundamental property is that they allow for representations which are efficient and which can be computed fast. In other words, wavelets are capable of quickly capturing the essence of a data set with only a small set of coefficients. This is based on the fact that most data sets have correlation both in time (or space) and frequenc...
The Lifting Scheme: A New Philosophy in Biorthogonal Wavelet Constructions
 in Wavelet Applications in Signal and Image Processing III
, 1995
"... In this paper we present the basic idea behind the lifting scheme, a new construction of biorthogonal wavelets which does not use the Fourier transform. In contrast with earlier papers we introduce lifting purely from a wavelet transform point of view and only consider the wavelet basis functions in ..."
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Cited by 199 (0 self)
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In this paper we present the basic idea behind the lifting scheme, a new construction of biorthogonal wavelets which does not use the Fourier transform. In contrast with earlier papers we introduce lifting purely from a wavelet transform point of view and only consider the wavelet basis functions in a later stage. We show how lifting leads to a faster, fully inplace implementation of the wavelet transform. Moreover, it can be used in the construction of second generation wavelets, wavelets that are not necessarily translates and dilates of one function. A typical example of the latter are wavelets on the sphere. Keywords: wavelet, biorthogonal, inplace calculation, lifting 1 Introduction At the present day it has become virtually impossible to give the definition of a "wavelet". The research field is growing so fast and novel contributions are made at such a rate that even if one manages to give a definition today, it might be obsolete tomorrow. One, very vague, way of thinking about...
Large Sample Sieve Estimation of SemiNonparametric Models
 Handbook of Econometrics
, 2007
"... Often researchers find parametric models restrictive and sensitive to deviations from the parametric specifications; seminonparametric models are more flexible and robust, but lead to other complications such as introducing infinite dimensional parameter spaces that may not be compact. The method o ..."
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Cited by 181 (19 self)
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Often researchers find parametric models restrictive and sensitive to deviations from the parametric specifications; seminonparametric models are more flexible and robust, but lead to other complications such as introducing infinite dimensional parameter spaces that may not be compact. The method of sieves provides one way to tackle such complexities by optimizing an empirical criterion function over a sequence of approximating parameter spaces, called sieves, which are significantly less complex than the original parameter space. With different choices of criteria and sieves, the method of sieves is very flexible in estimating complicated econometric models. For example, it can simultaneously estimate the parametric and nonparametric components in seminonparametric models with or without constraints. It can easily incorporate prior information, often derived from economic theory, such as monotonicity, convexity, additivity, multiplicity, exclusion and nonnegativity. This chapter describes estimation of seminonparametric econometric models via the method of sieves. We present some general results on the large sample properties of the sieve estimates, including consistency of the sieve extremum estimates, convergence rates of the sieve Mestimates, pointwise normality of series estimates of regression functions, rootn asymptotic normality and efficiency of sieve estimates of smooth functionals of infinite dimensional parameters. Examples are used to illustrate the general results.
Multiresolution Curves
, 1994
"... We describe a multiresolution curve representation, based on wavelets, that conveniently supports a variety of operations: smoothing a curve; editing the overall form of a curve while preserving its details; and approximating a curve within any given error tolerance for scan conversion. We present m ..."
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Cited by 174 (5 self)
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We describe a multiresolution curve representation, based on wavelets, that conveniently supports a variety of operations: smoothing a curve; editing the overall form of a curve while preserving its details; and approximating a curve within any given error tolerance for scan conversion. We present methods to support continuous levels of smoothing as well as direct manipulation of an arbitrary portion of the curve; the control points, as well as the discrete nature of the underlying hierarchical representation, can be hidden from the user. The multiresolution representation requires no extra storage beyond that of the original control points, and the algorithms using the representation are both simple and fast.
Building Your Own Wavelets at Home
"... Wavelets have been making an appearance in many pure and applied areas of science and engineering. Computer graphics with its many and varied computational problems has been no exception to this rule. In these notes we will attempt to motivate and explain the basic ideas behind wavelets and what mak ..."
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Cited by 151 (13 self)
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Wavelets have been making an appearance in many pure and applied areas of science and engineering. Computer graphics with its many and varied computational problems has been no exception to this rule. In these notes we will attempt to motivate and explain the basic ideas behind wavelets and what makes them so successful in application areas. The main
Nonlinear Wavelet Shrinkage With Bayes Rules and Bayes Factors
 Journal of the American Statistical Association
, 1998
"... this article a wavelet shrinkage by coherent ..."