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**11 - 14**of**14**### Convex Modeling of Interactions with Strong Heredity

, 2014

"... We consider the task of fitting a regression model involving interactions among a potentially large set of covariates, in which we wish to enforce strong heredity. We propose FAMILY, a very general framework for this task. Our proposal is a generalization of several existing methods, such as VANISH ..."

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We consider the task of fitting a regression model involving interactions among a potentially large set of covariates, in which we wish to enforce strong heredity. We propose FAMILY, a very general framework for this task. Our proposal is a generalization of several existing methods, such as VANISH [Radchenko and James, 2010], hierNet [Bien et al., 2013], the all-pairs lasso, and the lasso using only main effects. It can be formulated as the solution to a convex optimization problem, which we solve using an efficient alternating directions method of multipliers (ADMM) algorithm. This algorithm has guaranteed convergence to the global optimum, can be easily specialized to any convex penalty function of interest, and allows for a straightforward extension to the setting of generalized linear models. We derive an unbiased estimator of the degrees of freedom of FAMILY, and explore its performance in a simulation study and on an HIV sequence data set.

### Convex Hierarchical Testing of Interactions

, 2014

"... We consider the testing of all pairwise interactions in a two-class problem with many features. We devise a hierarchical testing framework that considers an interaction only when one or more of its constituent features has a nonzero main effect. The test is based on a convex optimization framework t ..."

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We consider the testing of all pairwise interactions in a two-class problem with many features. We devise a hierarchical testing framework that considers an interaction only when one or more of its constituent features has a nonzero main effect. The test is based on a convex optimization framework that seamlessly considers main effects and interactions together. We show—both in simulation and on a genomic dataset from the SAPPHIRe study—a potential gain in power and interpretability over a standard (non-hierarchical) interaction test.

### RESEARCH Open Access

"... The identification of complex interactions in epidemiology and toxicology: a simulation study of boosted regression trees ..."

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The identification of complex interactions in epidemiology and toxicology: a simulation study of boosted regression trees