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Modified Gravity and Cosmology
, 2012
"... In this review we present a thoroughly comprehensive survey of recent work on modified theories of gravity and their cosmological consequences. Amongst other things, we cover General Relativity, ScalarTensor, EinsteinAether, and Bimetric theories, as well as TeVeS, f(R), general higherorder theo ..."
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Cited by 28 (0 self)
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In this review we present a thoroughly comprehensive survey of recent work on modified theories of gravity and their cosmological consequences. Amongst other things, we cover General Relativity, ScalarTensor, EinsteinAether, and Bimetric theories, as well as TeVeS, f(R), general higherorder theories, HořavaLifschitz gravity, Galileons, Ghost Condensates, and models of extra dimensions including KaluzaKlein, RandallSundrum, DGP, and higher codimension braneworlds. We also review attempts to construct a Parameterised PostFriedmannian formalism, that can be used to constrain deviations from General Relativity in cosmology, and that is suitable for comparison with data on the largest scales. These subjects have been intensively studied over the past decade, largely motivated by rapid progress in the field of observational cosmology that now allows, for the first time, precision tests of fundamental physics on the scale of the observable Universe. The purpose of this review is to provide a reference tool for researchers and students in cosmology and gravitational physics, as well as a selfcontained, comprehensive and uptodate introduction to the subject as a whole.
Higher order gravity theories and their black hole solutions, arXiv:0805.0568 [grqc
"... In these lectures notes, we will discuss a particular higher order gravity theory, Lovelock theory, that generalises in higher dimensions than 4, general relativity. After briefly motivating modifications of gravity, we will introduce the theory in question and we will argue that it is a unique, mat ..."
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In these lectures notes, we will discuss a particular higher order gravity theory, Lovelock theory, that generalises in higher dimensions than 4, general relativity. After briefly motivating modifications of gravity, we will introduce the theory in question and we will argue that it is a unique, mathematically sensible, and physically interesting extension of general relativity. We will see, by using the formalism of differential forms, the relation of Lovelock gravity to differential geometry and topology of even dimensional manifolds. We will then discuss a generic staticity theorem, quite similar to Birkhoff’s theorem in general relativity, which will give us the charged static black hole solutions. We will examine their asymptotic behavior, analyse their horizon structure and briefly their thermodynamics. For the thermodynamics we will give a geometric justification of why the usual entropyarea relation is broken. We will then examine the distributional matching conditions for Lovelock theory. We will see how induced 4 dimensional EinsteinHilbert terms result on the brane geometry from the higher order Lovelock terms. With the junction conditions at hand, we will go back to the black hole solutions and give applications for braneworlds:
COSMIC ACCELERATION: PAST AND PRESENT
, 2011
"... Our Universe has an exciting history of accelerated expansion. Following its inception in an event known as the big bang, the Universe underwent a phase of exponential expansion called inflation. Although precise observations of the cosmic microwave background (CMB) radiation and largescale struct ..."
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Our Universe has an exciting history of accelerated expansion. Following its inception in an event known as the big bang, the Universe underwent a phase of exponential expansion called inflation. Although precise observations of the cosmic microwave background (CMB) radiation and largescale structure support the inflationary paradigm, the absence of a firm physical mechanism for inflation has led to a plethora of theoretical embarkments attempting to understand its genesis. Inflation lasted only for a fraction of a second, but observations suggest that thirteen billion years after inflation, the Universe began accelerating once again. This acceleration, which continues till date, is attributed to a mysterious component, dubbed dark energy, that fills up our Universe and accounts for almost 73 % of the total energy density in the Universe. In this thesis we study and develop models of inflation and dark energy, in the light of current observations. We begin, in Chapter 1, with a detailed introduction to cosmic acceleration, and discuss various models of inflation and dark energy that have been studied in the literature in the recent years. In Chapter 2, we discuss how a hierarchy of
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"... Prepared for submission to JCAP Casimir dark energy, stabilization of the extra dimensions and GaussBonnet term ..."
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Prepared for submission to JCAP Casimir dark energy, stabilization of the extra dimensions and GaussBonnet term