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Compositional Model Checking
, 1999
"... We describe a method for reducing the complexity of temporal logic model checking in systems composed of many parallel processes. The goal is to check properties of the components of a system and then deduce global properties from these local properties. The main difficulty with this type of approac ..."
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Cited by 3218 (68 self)
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We describe a method for reducing the complexity of temporal logic model checking in systems composed of many parallel processes. The goal is to check properties of the components of a system and then deduce global properties from these local properties. The main difficulty with this type of approach is that local properties are often not preserved at the global level. We present a general framework for using additional interface processes to model the environment for a component. These interface processes are typically much simpler than the full environment of the component. By composing a component with its interface processes and then checking properties of this composition, we can guarantee that these properties will be preserved at the global level. We give two example compositional systems based on the logic CTL*.
Temporal and modal logic
 HANDBOOK OF THEORETICAL COMPUTER SCIENCE
, 1995
"... We give a comprehensive and unifying survey of the theoretical aspects of Temporal and modal logic. ..."
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Cited by 1300 (17 self)
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We give a comprehensive and unifying survey of the theoretical aspects of Temporal and modal logic.
Dynamic Logic
 Handbook of Philosophical Logic
, 1984
"... ed to be true under the valuation u iff there exists an a 2 N such that the formula x = y is true under the valuation u[x=a], where u[x=a] agrees with u everywhere except x, on which it takes the value a. This definition involves a metalogical operation that produces u[x=a] from u for all possibl ..."
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Cited by 1008 (7 self)
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ed to be true under the valuation u iff there exists an a 2 N such that the formula x = y is true under the valuation u[x=a], where u[x=a] agrees with u everywhere except x, on which it takes the value a. This definition involves a metalogical operation that produces u[x=a] from u for all possible values a 2 N. This operation becomes explicit in DL in the form of the program x := ?, called a nondeterministic or wildcard assignment. This is a rather unconventional program, since it is not effective; however, it is quite useful as a descriptive tool. A more conventional way to obtain a square root of y, if it exists, would be the program x := 0 ; while x < y do x := x + 1: (1) In DL, such programs are firstclass objects on a par with formulas, complete with a collection of operators for forming compound programs inductively from a basis of primitive programs. To discuss the effect of the execution of a program on the truth of a formula ', DL uses a modal construct <>', which
An AutomataTheoretic Approach to BranchingTime Model Checking
 JOURNAL OF THE ACM
, 1998
"... Translating linear temporal logic formulas to automata has proven to be an effective approach for implementing lineartime modelchecking, and for obtaining many extensions and improvements to this verification method. On the other hand, for branching temporal logic, automatatheoretic techniques ..."
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Cited by 360 (67 self)
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Translating linear temporal logic formulas to automata has proven to be an effective approach for implementing lineartime modelchecking, and for obtaining many extensions and improvements to this verification method. On the other hand, for branching temporal logic, automatatheoretic techniques have long been thought to introduce an exponential penalty, making them essentially useless for modelchecking. Recently, Bernholtz and Grumberg have shown that this exponential penalty can be avoided, though they did not match the linear complexity of nonautomatatheoretic algorithms. In this paper we show that alternating tree automata are the key to a comprehensive automatatheoretic framework for branching temporal logics. Not only, as was shown by Muller et al., can they be used to obtain optimal decision procedures, but, as we show here, they also make it possible to derive optimal modelchecking algorithms. Moreover, the simple combinatorial structure that emerges from the a...
Reasoning about Infinite Computations
 Information and Computation
, 1994
"... We investigate extensions of temporal logic by connectives defined by finite automata on infinite words. We consider three different logics, corresponding to three different types of acceptance conditions (finite, looping and repeating) for the automata. It turns out, however, that these logics all ..."
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Cited by 316 (59 self)
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We investigate extensions of temporal logic by connectives defined by finite automata on infinite words. We consider three different logics, corresponding to three different types of acceptance conditions (finite, looping and repeating) for the automata. It turns out, however, that these logics all have the same expressive power and that their decision problems are all PSPACEcomplete. We also investigate connectives defined by alternating automata and show that they do not increase the expressive power of the logic or the complexity of the decision problem. 1 Introduction For many years, logics of programs have been tools for reasoning about the input/output behavior of programs. When dealing with concurrent or nonterminating processes (like operating systems) there is, however, a need to reason about infinite computations. Thus, instead of considering the first and last states of finite computations, we need to consider the infinite sequences of states that the program goes through...
A Correspondence Theory for Terminological Logics: Preliminary Report
 In Proc. of IJCAI91
, 1991
"... We show that the terminological logic ALC comprising Boolean operations on concepts and value restrictions is a notational variant of the propositional modal logic K (m) . To demonstrate the utility of the correspondence, we give two of its immediate byproducts. Namely, we axiomatize ALC and give a ..."
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Cited by 312 (0 self)
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We show that the terminological logic ALC comprising Boolean operations on concepts and value restrictions is a notational variant of the propositional modal logic K (m) . To demonstrate the utility of the correspondence, we give two of its immediate byproducts. Namely, we axiomatize ALC and give a simple proof that subsumption in ALC is PSPACEcomplete, replacing the original sixpage one. Furthermore, we consider an extension of ALC additionally containing both the identity role and the composition, union, transitivereflexive closure, range restriction, and inverse of roles. It turns out that this language, called T SL, is a notational variant of the propositional dynamic logic converse PDL. Using this correspondence, we prove that it suffices to consider finite T SLmodels, show that T SLsubsumption is decidable, and obtain an axiomatization of T SL. By discovering that features correspond to deterministic programs in dynamic logic, we show that adding them to T SL preserves...
On the Decidability of Query Containment under Constraints
"... Query containment under constraints is the problem of checking whether for every database satisfying a given set of constraints, the result of one query is a subset of the result of another query. Recent research points out that this is a central problem in several database applications, and we addr ..."
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Cited by 258 (56 self)
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Query containment under constraints is the problem of checking whether for every database satisfying a given set of constraints, the result of one query is a subset of the result of another query. Recent research points out that this is a central problem in several database applications, and we address it within a setting where constraints are specified in the form of special inclusion dependencies over complex expressions, built by using intersection and difference of relations, special forms of quantification, regular expressions over binary relations, and cardinality constraints. These types of constraints capture a great variety of data models, including the relational, the entityrelational, and the objectoriented model. We study the problem of checking whether q is contained in q ′ with respect to the constraints specified in a schema S, where q and q ′ are nonrecursive Datalog programs whose atoms are complex expressions. We present the following results on query containment. For the case where q does not contain regular expressions, we provide a method for deciding query containment, and analyze its computational complexity. We do the same for the case where neither S nor q, q ′ contain number restrictions. To the best of our knowledge, this yields the first decidability result on containment of conjunctive queries with regular expressions. Finally, we prove that the problem is undecidable for the case where we admit inequalities in q′.
Decision Procedures and Expressiveness in the Temporal Logic of Branching Time
, 1985
"... We consider the computation tree logic (CTL) proposed in (Set. Comput. Programming 2 ..."
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Cited by 190 (4 self)
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We consider the computation tree logic (CTL) proposed in (Set. Comput. Programming 2
Practical reasoning for very expressive description logics
 Journal of the Interest Group in Pure and Applied Logics 8
, 2000
"... Description Logics (DLs) are a family of knowledge representation formalisms mainly characterised by constructors to build complex concepts and roles from atomic ones. Expressive role constructors are important in many applications, but can be computationally problematical. We present an algorithm t ..."
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Cited by 188 (23 self)
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Description Logics (DLs) are a family of knowledge representation formalisms mainly characterised by constructors to build complex concepts and roles from atomic ones. Expressive role constructors are important in many applications, but can be computationally problematical. We present an algorithm that decides satisfiability of the DL ALC extended with transitive and inverse roles and functional restrictions with respect to general concept inclusion axioms and role hierarchies; early experiments indicate that this algorithm is wellsuited for implementation. Additionally, we show that ALC extended with just transitive and inverse roles is still in PSpace. We investigate the limits of decidability for this family of DLs, showing that relaxing the constraints placed on the kinds of roles used in number restrictions leads to the undecidability of all inference problems. Finally, we describe a number of optimisation techniques that are crucial in obtaining implementations of the decision procedures, which, despite the hight worstcase complexity of the problem, exhibit good performance with reallife problems. 1