Results 1  10
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144
Cooperative strategies and capacity theorems for relay networks
 IEEE Trans. Inform. Theory
, 2005
"... Abstract—Coding strategies that exploit node cooperation are developed for relay networks. Two basic schemes are studied: the relays decodeandforward the source message to the destination, or they compressandforward their channel outputs to the destination. The decodeandforward scheme is a va ..."
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Cited by 733 (19 self)
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Abstract—Coding strategies that exploit node cooperation are developed for relay networks. Two basic schemes are studied: the relays decodeandforward the source message to the destination, or they compressandforward their channel outputs to the destination. The decodeandforward scheme is a variant of multihopping, but in addition to having the relays successively decode the message, the transmitters cooperate and each receiver uses several or all of its past channel output blocks to decode. For the compressandforward scheme, the relays take advantage of the statistical dependence between their channel outputs and the destination’s channel output. The strategies are applied to wireless channels, and it is shown that decodeandforward achieves the ergodic capacity with phase fading if phase information is available only locally, and if the relays are near the source node. The ergodic capacity coincides with the rate of a distributed antenna array with full cooperation even though the transmitting antennas are not colocated. The capacity results generalize broadly, including to multiantenna transmission with Rayleigh fading, singlebounce fading, certain quasistatic fading problems, cases where partial channel knowledge is available at the transmitters, and cases where local user cooperation is permitted. The results further extend to multisource and multidestination networks such as multiaccess and broadcast relay channels. Index Terms—Antenna arrays, capacity, coding, multiuser channels, relay channels. I.
Nested Linear/Lattice Codes for Structured Multiterminal Binning
, 2002
"... Network information theory promises high gains over simple pointtopoint communication techniques, at the cost of higher complexity. However, lack of structured coding schemes limited the practical application of these concepts so far. One of the basic elements of a network code is the binning sch ..."
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Cited by 352 (15 self)
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Network information theory promises high gains over simple pointtopoint communication techniques, at the cost of higher complexity. However, lack of structured coding schemes limited the practical application of these concepts so far. One of the basic elements of a network code is the binning scheme. Wyner and other researchers proposed various forms of coset codes for efficient binning, yet these schemes were applicable only for lossless source (or noiseless channel) network coding. To extend the algebraic binning approach to lossy source (or noisy channel) network coding, recent work proposed the idea of nested codes, or more specifically, nested paritycheck codes for the binary case and nested lattices in the continuous case. These ideas connect network information theory with the rich areas of linear codes and lattice codes, and have strong potential for practical applications. We review these recent developments and explore their tight relation to concepts such as combined shaping and precoding, coding for memories with defects, and digital watermarking. We also propose a few novel applications adhering to a unified approach.
Unitary SpaceTime Modulation for MultipleAntenna Communications in Rayleigh Flat Fading
 IEEE Trans. Inform. Theory
, 1998
"... Motivated by informationtheoretic considerations, we propose a signalling scheme, unitary spacetime modulation, for multipleantenna communication links. This modulation is ideally suited for Rayleigh fastfading environments, since it does not require the receiver to know or learn the propagation ..."
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Cited by 307 (19 self)
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Motivated by informationtheoretic considerations, we propose a signalling scheme, unitary spacetime modulation, for multipleantenna communication links. This modulation is ideally suited for Rayleigh fastfading environments, since it does not require the receiver to know or learn the propagation coefficients. Unitary spacetime modulation uses constellations of T \cross M spacetime signals {\Phi_l, l= 1,...L},where T represents the coherence interval during which the fading is approximately constant, and M > M . We design some multipleantenna signal constellations and simulate their effectiveness as measured by bit error probability with maximum likelihood decoding. We demonstrate that two antennas have a 6dB diversity gain over one antenna at 15db SNR.
The effect upon channel capacity in wireless communications of perfect and imperfect knowledge of the channel
 IEEE Trans. Inf. Theory
, 2000
"... Abstract—We present a model for timevarying communication singleaccess and multipleaccess channels without feedback. We consider the difference between mutual information when the receiver knows the channel perfectly and mutual information when the receiver only has an estimate of the channel. We ..."
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Cited by 274 (5 self)
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Abstract—We present a model for timevarying communication singleaccess and multipleaccess channels without feedback. We consider the difference between mutual information when the receiver knows the channel perfectly and mutual information when the receiver only has an estimate of the channel. We relate the variance of the channel measurement error at the receiver to upper and lower bounds for this difference in mutual information. We illustrate the use of our bounds on a channel modeled by a Gauss–Markov process, measured by a pilot tone. We relate the rate of time variation of the channel to the loss in mutual information due to imperfect knowledge of the measured channel. Index Terms—Channel uncertainty, multipleaccess channels, mutual information, timevarying channels, wireless communications. I.
Towards an Information Theory of Large Networks: An Achievable Rate Region
 IEEE Trans. Inform. Theory
, 2003
"... Abstract — We study communication networks of arbitrary size and topology and communicating over a general vector discrete memoryless channel. We propose an informationtheoretic constructive scheme for obtaining an achievable rate region in such networks. Many wellknown capacitydefining achievabl ..."
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Cited by 204 (12 self)
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Abstract — We study communication networks of arbitrary size and topology and communicating over a general vector discrete memoryless channel. We propose an informationtheoretic constructive scheme for obtaining an achievable rate region in such networks. Many wellknown capacitydefining achievable rate regions can be derived as special cases of the proposed scheme. A few such examples are the physically degraded and reverselydegraded relay channels, the Gaussian multipleaccess channel, and the Gaussian broadcast channel. The proposed scheme also leads to inner bounds for the multicast and allcast capacities. Applying the proposed scheme to a specific wireless network of nodes located in a region of unit area, we show that a transport capacity of ¡£ ¢ bitmeters/sec is feasible in a certain family of networks, as compared to the best possible transport capacity ¡£¢§ ¦ ¨ ¤ of bitmeters/sec in [16] where the receiver capabilities were limited. Even though the improvement is shown for a specific class of networks, a clear implication is that designing and employing more sophisticated multiuser coding schemes can provide sizable gains in at least some large wireless networks. Index Terms — Discrete memoryless channels, Gaussian channels, multiuser communications, network information theory,
Systematic design of unitary spacetime constellations
 IEEE TRANS. INFORM. THEORY
, 2000
"... We propose a systematic method for creating constellations of unitary space–time signals for multipleantenna communication links. Unitary space–time signals, which are orthonormal in time across the antennas, have been shown to be welltailored to a Rayleigh fading channel where neither the transm ..."
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Cited by 198 (11 self)
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We propose a systematic method for creating constellations of unitary space–time signals for multipleantenna communication links. Unitary space–time signals, which are orthonormal in time across the antennas, have been shown to be welltailored to a Rayleigh fading channel where neither the transmitter nor the receiver knows the fading coefficients. The signals can achieve low probability of error by exploiting multipleantenna diversity. Because the fading coefficients are not known, the criterion for creating and evaluating the constellation is nonstandard and differs markedly from the familiar maximumEuclideandistance norm. Our construction begins with the first signal in the constellation—an oblong complexvalued matrix whose columns are orthonormal—and systematically produces the remaining signals by successively rotating this signal in a highdimensional complex space. This construction easily produces large constellations of highdimensional signals. We demonstrate its efficacy through examples involving one, two, and three transmitter antennas.
Iterative multiuser joint decoding: unified framework and asymptotic analysis
 IEEE Trans. Inform. Theory
, 2002
"... Abstract—We present a framework for iterative multiuser joint decoding of codedivision multipleaccess (CDMA) signals, based on the factorgraph representation and on the sumproduct algorithm. In this framework, known parallel and serial, hard and soft interference cancellation algorithms are der ..."
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Cited by 119 (3 self)
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Abstract—We present a framework for iterative multiuser joint decoding of codedivision multipleaccess (CDMA) signals, based on the factorgraph representation and on the sumproduct algorithm. In this framework, known parallel and serial, hard and soft interference cancellation algorithms are derived in a unified way. The asymptotic performance of these algorithms in the limit of large code block length can be rigorously analyzed by using density evolution. We show that, for random spreading in the largesystem limit, density evolution is considerably simplified. Moreover, by making a Gaussian approximation of the decoder soft output, we show that the behavior of iterative multiuser joint decoding is approximately characterized by the stable fixed points of a simple onedimensional nonlinear dynamical system. Index Terms—Density evolution, interference cancellation, iterative decoding, multiuser detection (MUD). I.
Bandwidth Scaling for Fading Multipath Channels
, 1999
"... We show that very large bandwidths on fading multipath channels cannot be effectively utilized by spread spectrum systems that (in a particular sense) spread the available power uniformly over both time and frequency. The approach is to express the input process as an expansion in an orthonormal set ..."
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Cited by 108 (12 self)
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We show that very large bandwidths on fading multipath channels cannot be effectively utilized by spread spectrum systems that (in a particular sense) spread the available power uniformly over both time and frequency. The approach is to express the input process as an expansion in an orthonormal set of functions each localized in time and frequency. The fourth moment of each coefficient in this expansion is then uniformly constrained. We show that such a constraint forces the mutual information to 0 inversely with increasing bandwidth. Simply constraining the second moment of these coefficients does not achieve this effect. The results suggest strongly that conventional direct sequence CDMA systems do not scale well to extremely large bandwidths. To illustrate how the interplay between channel estimation and symbol detection affects capacity, we present results for a specific channel and CDMA signaling scheme.
On the Theory of SpaceTime Codes for PSK Modulation
 IEEE Trans. Inform. Theory
, 2000
"... The design of spacetime codes to achieve full spatial diversity over fading channels has largely been addressed by handcrafting example codes using computer search methods and only for small numbers of antennas. The lack of more general designs is in part due to the fact that the diversity advanta ..."
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Cited by 103 (0 self)
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The design of spacetime codes to achieve full spatial diversity over fading channels has largely been addressed by handcrafting example codes using computer search methods and only for small numbers of antennas. The lack of more general designs is in part due to the fact that the diversity advantage of a code is the minimum rank among the complex baseband differences between modulated codewords, which is difficult to relate to traditional code designs over finite fields and rings. In this paper, we present general binary design criteria for PSKmodulated spacetime codes. For linear BPSK/QPSK codes, the rank of (binary projections of) the unmodulated codewords, as binary matrices over the binary field, is a sufficient design criterion: full binary rank guarantees full spatial diversity. This criterion accounts for much of what is currently known about PSKmodulated spacetime codes. We develop new fundamental code constructions for both quasistatic and timevarying channels. These are perhaps the first general constructionsother than delay diversity schemesthat guarantee full spatial diversity for an arbitrary number of transmit antennas.