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13
A calculus of mobile processes, I
, 1992
"... We present the acalculus, a calculus of communicating systems in which one can naturally express processes which have changing structure. Not only may the component agents of a system be arbitrarily linked, but a communication between neighbours may carry information which changes that linkage. The ..."
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Cited by 1184 (31 self)
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We present the acalculus, a calculus of communicating systems in which one can naturally express processes which have changing structure. Not only may the component agents of a system be arbitrarily linked, but a communication between neighbours may carry information which changes that linkage. The calculus is an extension of the process algebra CCS, following work by Engberg and Nielsen, who added mobility to CCS while preserving its algebraic properties. The rrcalculus gains simplicity by removing all distinction between variables and constants; communication links are identified by names, and computation is represented purely as the communication of names across links. After an illustrated description of how the ncalculus generalises conventional process algebras in treating mobility, several examples exploiting mobility are given in some detail. The important examples are the encoding into the ncalculus of higherorder functions (the Icalculus and combinatory algebra), the transmission of processes as values, and the representation of data structures as processes. The paper continues by presenting the algebraic theory of strong bisimilarity and strong equivalence, including a new notion of equivalence indexed by distinctionsi.e., assumptions of inequality among names. These theories are based upon a semantics in terms of a labeled transition system and a notion of strong bisimulation, both of which are expounded in detail in a companion paper. We also report briefly on workinprogress based upon the corresponding notion of weak bisimulation, in which internal actions cannot be observed.
Bigraphs and Mobile Processes (revised)
, 2004
"... A bigraphical reactive system (BRS) involves bigraphs, in which the nesting of nodes represents locality, independently of the edges connecting them; it also allows bigraphs to reconfigure themselves. BRSs aim to provide a uniform way to model spatially distributed systems that both compute and comm ..."
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Cited by 66 (7 self)
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A bigraphical reactive system (BRS) involves bigraphs, in which the nesting of nodes represents locality, independently of the edges connecting them; it also allows bigraphs to reconfigure themselves. BRSs aim to provide a uniform way to model spatially distributed systems that both compute and communicate. In this memorandum we develop their static and dynamic theory. In Part I we illustrate...
Explicit Fusions
, 2000
"... We introduce explicit fusions of names. An explicit fusion is a process that exists concurrently with the rest of the system and enables two names to be used interchangeably. Explicit fusions provide a smallstep account of reaction in process calculi such as the pi calculus and the fusion calcu ..."
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Cited by 63 (7 self)
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We introduce explicit fusions of names. An explicit fusion is a process that exists concurrently with the rest of the system and enables two names to be used interchangeably. Explicit fusions provide a smallstep account of reaction in process calculi such as the pi calculus and the fusion calculus. In this respect they are similar to the explicit substitutions of Abadi, Cardelli and Curien, which do the same for the lambda calculus. In this paper, we give a technical foundation for explicit fusions. We present the piF calculus, a simple process calculus with explicit fusions, and define a strong bisimulation congruence. We study the embeddings of the fusion calculus and the pi calculus. The former is fully abstract with respect to bisimulation.
Pure bigraphs: structure and dynamics
, 2005
"... Bigraphs are graphs whose nodes may be nested, representing locality, independently of the edges connecting them. They may be equipped with reaction rules, forming a bigraphical reactive system (Brs) in which bigraphs can reconfigure themselves. Following an earlier paper describing link graphs, a c ..."
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Cited by 62 (5 self)
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Bigraphs are graphs whose nodes may be nested, representing locality, independently of the edges connecting them. They may be equipped with reaction rules, forming a bigraphical reactive system (Brs) in which bigraphs can reconfigure themselves. Following an earlier paper describing link graphs, a constituent of bigraphs, this paper is a devoted to pure bigraphs, which in turn underlie various more refined forms. Elsewhere it is shown that behavioural analysis for Petri nets, πcalculus and mobile ambients can all be recovered in the uniform framework of bigraphs. The paper first develops the dynamic theory of an abstract structure, a wide reactive system (Wrs), of which a Brs is an instance. In this context, labelled transitions are defined in such a way that the induced bisimilarity is a congruence. This work is then specialised to Brss, whose graphical structure allows many refinements of the theory. The latter part of the paper emphasizes bigraphical theory that is relevant to the treatment of dynamics via labelled transitions. As a running example, the theory is applied to finite pure CCS, whose resulting transition system and bisimilarity are analysed in detail. The paper also mentions briefly the use of bigraphs to model pervasive computing and
Axioms For Bigraphical Structure
 UNDER CONSIDERATION FOR PUBLICATION IN MATH. STRUCT. IN COMP. SCIENCE
, 2005
"... This paper axiomatises the structure of bigraphs, and proves that the resulting theory is complete. Bigraphs are graphs with double structure, representing locality and connectivity. They have been shown to represent dynamic theories for the #calculus, mobile ambients and Petri nets, in a way th ..."
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Cited by 41 (8 self)
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This paper axiomatises the structure of bigraphs, and proves that the resulting theory is complete. Bigraphs are graphs with double structure, representing locality and connectivity. They have been shown to represent dynamic theories for the #calculus, mobile ambients and Petri nets, in a way that is faithful to each of those models of discrete behaviour. While the main purpose of bigraphs is to understand mobile systems, a prerequisite for this understanding is a wellbehaved theory of the structure of states in such systems. The algebra of bigraph structure is surprisingly simple, as the paper demonstrates; this is because bigraphs treat locality and connectivity orthogonally
Transition systems, link graphs and Petri nets
, 2004
"... A framework is defined within which reactive systems can be studied formally. The framework is based upon scategories, a new variety of categories, within which reactive systems can be set up in such a way that labelled transition systems can be uniformly extracted. These lead in turn to behavi ..."
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Cited by 29 (5 self)
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A framework is defined within which reactive systems can be studied formally. The framework is based upon scategories, a new variety of categories, within which reactive systems can be set up in such a way that labelled transition systems can be uniformly extracted. These lead in turn to behavioural preorders and equivalences, such as the failures preorder (treated elsewhere) and bisimilarity, which are guaranteed to be congruential. The theory rests upon the notion of relative pushout previously introduced by the authors. The framework
Bigraphical Reactive Systems: Basic Theory
 PROCEEDINGS OF THE INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE OF MATHEMATICIANS
, 2001
"... A notion of bigraph is proposed as the basis for a model of mobile interaction. A bigraph consists of two independent structures: a topograph representing locality and a monograph representing connectivity. Bigraphs are equipped with reaction rules to form bigraphical reactive systems (BRSs), which ..."
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Cited by 26 (7 self)
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A notion of bigraph is proposed as the basis for a model of mobile interaction. A bigraph consists of two independent structures: a topograph representing locality and a monograph representing connectivity. Bigraphs are equipped with reaction rules to form bigraphical reactive systems (BRSs), which include versions of the calculus and the ambient calculus. Bigraphs are shown to be a special case of a more abstract notion, wide reactive systems (WRSs), not assuming any particular graphical or other structure but equipped with a notion of width, which expresses that agents, contexts and reactions may all be widely distributed entities. A behavioural theory is established for WRSs using the categorical notion of relative pushout; it allows labelled transition systems to be derived uniformly, in such a way that familiar behavioural preorders and equivalences, in particular bisimilarity, are congruential under certain conditions. Then the theory of bigraphs is developed, and they are shown to meet these conditions. It is shown that, using certain functors, other WRSs which meet the conditions may also be derived; these may, for example, be forms of BRS with additional structure. Simple examples of bigraphical systems are discussed; the theory is developed in a number of ways in preparation for deeper application studies.
Bigraphical Semantics of HigherOrder Mobile Embedded Resources with Local Names
 Proceedings of the Graph Transformation for Verification and Concurrency workshop (GTVC'05)
, 2006
"... Bigraphs have been introduced with the aim to provide a topographical metamodel for mobile, distributed agents that can manipulate their own linkages and nested locations, generalising both characteristics of the πcalculus and the Mobile Ambients calculus. We give the first bigraphical presentatio ..."
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Cited by 22 (13 self)
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Bigraphs have been introduced with the aim to provide a topographical metamodel for mobile, distributed agents that can manipulate their own linkages and nested locations, generalising both characteristics of the πcalculus and the Mobile Ambients calculus. We give the first bigraphical presentation of a nonlinear, higherorder process calculus with nested locations, nonlinear active process mobility, and local names, the calculus of HigherOrder Mobile Embedded Resources (Homer). The presentation is based on Milner’s recent presentation of the λcalculus in local bigraphs. The combination of nonlinear active process mobility and local names requires a new definition of parametric reaction rules and a representation of the location of names. We suggest localised bigraphs as a generalisation of local bigraphs in which links can be further localised. Key words: bigraphs, local names, nonlinear process mobility
Theories for Ubiquitous Processes and Data: Platform for 15year
 Grand Challenge.” Workshop on Grand Challenges for Computing Research
, 2002
"... Overview This paper is written as background for a proposed Grand ..."
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Cited by 1 (0 self)
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Overview This paper is written as background for a proposed Grand