Results 1  10
of
286
Community detection in graphs
, 2009
"... The modern science of networks has brought significant advances to our understanding of complex systems. One of the most relevant features of graphs representing real systems is community structure, or clustering, i. e. the organization of vertices in clusters, with many edges joining vertices of th ..."
Abstract

Cited by 801 (1 self)
 Add to MetaCart
The modern science of networks has brought significant advances to our understanding of complex systems. One of the most relevant features of graphs representing real systems is community structure, or clustering, i. e. the organization of vertices in clusters, with many edges joining vertices of the same cluster and comparatively few edges joining vertices of different clusters. Such
NonCrossing Partitions For Classical Reflection Groups
 Discrete Math
, 1996
"... We introduce analogues of the lattice of noncrossing set partitions for the classical reflection groups of type B and D. The type B analogues (first considered by Montenegro in a different guise) turn out to be as wellbehaved as the original noncrossing set partitions, and the type D analogues ..."
Abstract

Cited by 137 (6 self)
 Add to MetaCart
We introduce analogues of the lattice of noncrossing set partitions for the classical reflection groups of type B and D. The type B analogues (first considered by Montenegro in a different guise) turn out to be as wellbehaved as the original noncrossing set partitions, and the type D analogues almost as wellbehaved. In both cases, they are ELlabellable ranked lattices with symmetric chain decompositions (selfdual for type B), whose rankgenerating functions, zeta polynomials, rankselected chain numbers have simple closed forms.
The enumeration of fully commutative elements of Coxeter groups
 J. Algebraic Combin
, 1998
"... Abstract. Let W be a Coxeter group. We define an element w ~ W to be fully commutative if any reduced expression for w can be obtained from any other by means of braid relations that only involve commuting generators. We give several combinatorial characterizations of this property, classify the Cox ..."
Abstract

Cited by 105 (4 self)
 Add to MetaCart
Abstract. Let W be a Coxeter group. We define an element w ~ W to be fully commutative if any reduced expression for w can be obtained from any other by means of braid relations that only involve commuting generators. We give several combinatorial characterizations of this property, classify the Coxeter groups with finitely many fully commutative elements, and classify the parabolic quotients whose members are all fully commutative. As applications of the latter, we classify all parabolic quotients with the property that (1) the Bruhat ordering is a lattice, (2) the Bruhat ordering is a distributive lattice, (3) the weak ordering is a distributive lattice, and (4) the weak ordering and Bruhat ordering coincide.
Combinatorial Hopf algebras and generalized DehnSommerville relations
, 2003
"... A combinatorial Hopf algebra is a graded connected Hopf algebra over a field k equipped with a character (multiplicative linear functional) ζ: H → k. We show that the terminal object in the category of combinatorial Hopf algebras is the algebra QSym of quasisymmetric functions; this explains the u ..."
Abstract

Cited by 95 (20 self)
 Add to MetaCart
(Show Context)
A combinatorial Hopf algebra is a graded connected Hopf algebra over a field k equipped with a character (multiplicative linear functional) ζ: H → k. We show that the terminal object in the category of combinatorial Hopf algebras is the algebra QSym of quasisymmetric functions; this explains the ubiquity of quasisymmetric functions as generating functions in combinatorics. We illustrate this with several examples. We prove that every character decomposes uniquely as a product of an even character and an odd character. Correspondingly, every combinatorial Hopf algebra (H, ζ) possesses two canonical Hopf subalgebras on which the character ζ is even (respectively, odd). The odd subalgebra is defined by certain canonical relations which we call the generalized DehnSommerville relations. We show that, for H = QSym, the generalized DehnSommerville relations are the BayerBillera relations and the odd subalgebra is the peak Hopf algebra of Stembridge. We prove that QSym is the product (in the categorical sense) of its even and odd Hopf subalgebras. We also calculate the odd subalgebras of various related combinatorial Hopf algebras: the MalvenutoReutenauer Hopf algebra of permutations, the
SPECIAL VALUES OF MULTIPLE POLYLOGARITHMS
, 1999
"... Historically, the polylogarithm has attracted specialists and nonspecialists alike withitslovely evaluations. Much the same can be said for Euler sums (or multiple harmonic sums), which, within the past decade, have arisen in combinatorics, knot theory and highenergy physics. More recently, we ha ..."
Abstract

Cited by 93 (23 self)
 Add to MetaCart
(Show Context)
Historically, the polylogarithm has attracted specialists and nonspecialists alike withitslovely evaluations. Much the same can be said for Euler sums (or multiple harmonic sums), which, within the past decade, have arisen in combinatorics, knot theory and highenergy physics. More recently, we have been forced to consider multidimensional extensions encompassing the classical polylogarithm, Euler sums, and the Riemann zeta function. Here, we provide a general framework within which previously isolated results can now be properly understood. Applying the theory developed herein, we prove several previously conjectured evaluations, including an intriguing conjecture of Don Zagier.
Generalized pattern avoidance
 European J. Combin
"... Abstract. Recently, Babson and Steingrímsson have introduced generalised permutation patterns that allow the requirement that two adjacent letters in a pattern must be adjacent in the permutation. We will consider pattern avoidance for such patterns, and give a complete solution for the number of pe ..."
Abstract

Cited by 86 (5 self)
 Add to MetaCart
(Show Context)
Abstract. Recently, Babson and Steingrímsson have introduced generalised permutation patterns that allow the requirement that two adjacent letters in a pattern must be adjacent in the permutation. We will consider pattern avoidance for such patterns, and give a complete solution for the number of permutations avoiding any single pattern of length three with exactly one adjacent pair of letters. For eight of these twelve patterns the answer is given by the Bell numbers. For the remaining four the answer is given by the Catalan numbers. We also give some results for the number of permutations avoiding two different patterns. These results relate the permutations in question to Motzkin paths, involutions and nonoverlapping partitions. Furthermore, we define a new class of set partitions, called monotone partitions, and show that these partitions are in onetoone correspondence with nonoverlapping partitions. 1.
On Posets and Hopf Algebras
 Adv. Math
, 1996
"... this paper have a finite number of elements, a minimum element 0 # and a maximum element 1 . For two elements x and y in a poset P, such that x#y, define the interval [x, y]=[z#P:x#z#y]. We will consider [x, y] as a poset, which inherits its order relation from P. Observe that [x, y] is a poset with ..."
Abstract

Cited by 81 (13 self)
 Add to MetaCart
(Show Context)
this paper have a finite number of elements, a minimum element 0 # and a maximum element 1 . For two elements x and y in a poset P, such that x#y, define the interval [x, y]=[z#P:x#z#y]. We will consider [x, y] as a poset, which inherits its order relation from P. Observe that [x, y] is a poset with minimum element x and maximum element y. For x, y # P such that x#y, we may define the Mo# bius function +(x, y) recursively by +(x, y)= & : x#z<y +(x, z), if x<y, 1, if x=y
Basic Analytic Combinatorics of Directed Lattice Paths
 Theoretical Computer Science
, 2001
"... This paper develops a unified enumerative and asymptotic theory of directed 2dimensional lattice paths in halfplanes and quarterplanes. The lattice paths are speci ed by a finite set of rules that are both time and space homogeneous, and have a privileged direction of increase. (They are then ess ..."
Abstract

Cited by 78 (12 self)
 Add to MetaCart
(Show Context)
This paper develops a unified enumerative and asymptotic theory of directed 2dimensional lattice paths in halfplanes and quarterplanes. The lattice paths are speci ed by a finite set of rules that are both time and space homogeneous, and have a privileged direction of increase. (They are then essentially 1dimensional objects.) The theory relies on a specific "kernel method" that provides an important decomposition of the algebraic generating functions involved, as well as on a generic study of singularities of an associated algebraic curve. Consequences are precise computable estimates for the number of lattice paths of a given length under various constraints (bridges, excursions, meanders) as well as a characterization of the limit laws associated to several basic parameters of paths.
UNLABELED (2 + 2)FREE POSETS, ASCENT SEQUENCES AND PATTERN AVOIDING PERMUTATIONS
"... Abstract. We present bijections between four classes of combinatorial objects. Two of them, the class of unlabeled (2 + 2)free posets and a certain class of chord diagrams (or involutions), already appear in the literature. The third one is a class of permutations, defined in terms of a new type of ..."
Abstract

Cited by 67 (15 self)
 Add to MetaCart
Abstract. We present bijections between four classes of combinatorial objects. Two of them, the class of unlabeled (2 + 2)free posets and a certain class of chord diagrams (or involutions), already appear in the literature. The third one is a class of permutations, defined in terms of a new type of pattern. An attractive property of these patterns is that, like classical patterns, they are closed under the action of D8, the symmetry group of the square. The fourth class is formed by certain integer sequences, called ascent sequences, which have a simple recursive structure and are shown to encode (2 + 2)free posets, chord diagrams and permutations. Our bijections preserve numerous statistics. We also determine the generating function of these classes of objects, thus recovering a series obtained by Zagier for chord diagrams. That this series also counts (2 + 2)free posets seems to be new. Finally, we characterize the ascent sequences that correspond to permutations avoiding the barred pattern 3¯152¯4, and enumerate those permutations, thus settling a conjecture of Lara Pudwell. 1.