Results 11  20
of
577
Local convergence of SQP methods for Mathematical Programs with Equilibrium Constraints
, 2002
"... Recently, it has been shown that Nonlinear Programming solvers can successfully solve a range of Mathematical Programs with Equilibrium Constraints (MPECs). ..."
Abstract

Cited by 74 (21 self)
 Add to MetaCart
(Show Context)
Recently, it has been shown that Nonlinear Programming solvers can successfully solve a range of Mathematical Programs with Equilibrium Constraints (MPECs).
Computer optimization of a minimal biped model discovers walking and running
 Nature
, 2005
"... Note: This is a “preprint ” version of the paper published in Nature. It is wordforword the same as the published version, except where noted explicitly as footnotes. Five minor typographical errors in the published version have been corrected in this version, as also a small error in Figure 3. ..."
Abstract

Cited by 68 (5 self)
 Add to MetaCart
(Show Context)
Note: This is a “preprint ” version of the paper published in Nature. It is wordforword the same as the published version, except where noted explicitly as footnotes. Five minor typographical errors in the published version have been corrected in this version, as also a small error in Figure 3. None of the conclusions of the paper are affected by these changes. Although people’s legs are capable of a broad range of muscleuse and gait patterns, they generally prefer just two. They walk, swinging their body over a relatively straight leg with each step, or run, bouncing up off a bent leg between aerial phases. Walking feels easiest when going slowly, and running feels easiest when going faster. More unusual gaits seem more tiring. Perhaps this is because walking and running use the least energy [1; 2; 3; 4; 5; 6; 7]. Addressing this classic [1] conjecture with experiments [2; 3] requires comparing walking and
LQRTrees: Feedback motion planning via sums of squares verification
 International Journal of Robotics Research
, 2010
"... Advances in the direct computation of Lyapunov functions using convex optimization make it possible to efficiently evaluate regions of attraction for smooth nonlinear systems. Here we present a feedback motion planning algorithm which uses rigorously computed stability regions to build a sparse tree ..."
Abstract

Cited by 67 (23 self)
 Add to MetaCart
(Show Context)
Advances in the direct computation of Lyapunov functions using convex optimization make it possible to efficiently evaluate regions of attraction for smooth nonlinear systems. Here we present a feedback motion planning algorithm which uses rigorously computed stability regions to build a sparse tree of LQRstabilized trajectories. The region of attraction of this nonlinear feedback policy “probabilistically covers ” the entire controllable subset of the state space, verifying that all initial conditions that are capable of reaching the goal will reach the goal. We numerically investigate the properties of this systematic nonlinear feedback design algorithm on simple nonlinear systems, prove the property of probabilistic coverage, and discuss extensions and implementation details of the basic algorithm. 1
Coordinating Multiple Robots with Kinodynamic Constraints along Specified Paths
, 2005
"... This paper focuses on the collisionfree coordination of multiple robots with kinodynamic constraints along specified paths. We present an approach to generate continuous velocity profiles for multiple robots; these velocity profiles satisfy the dynamics constraints, avoid collisions, and minimize t ..."
Abstract

Cited by 65 (9 self)
 Add to MetaCart
This paper focuses on the collisionfree coordination of multiple robots with kinodynamic constraints along specified paths. We present an approach to generate continuous velocity profiles for multiple robots; these velocity profiles satisfy the dynamics constraints, avoid collisions, and minimize the completion time. The approach, which combines techniques from optimal control and mathematical programming, consists of identifying collision segments along each robot's path, and then optimizing the robots' velocities along the collision and collisionfree segments. First, for each path segment for each robot, the minimum and maximum possible traversal times that satisfy the dynamics constraints are computed by solving the corresponding twopoint boundary value problems. The collision avoidance constraints for pairs of robots can then be combined to formulate a mixed integer nonlinear programming (MINLP) problem. Since this nonconvex MINLP model is difficult to solve, we describe two related mixed integer linear programming (MILP) formulations, which provide schedules that give lower and upper bounds on the optimum; the upper bound schedule is designed to provide continuous velocity trajectories that are feasible. The approach is illustrated with coordination of multiple robots, modeled as double integrators subject to velocity and acceleration constraints. An application to coordination of nonholonomic carlike robots is described, along with implementation results for 12 robots.
On the solution of equality constrained quadratic programming problems arising . . .
, 1998
"... ..."
An interior point algorithm for largescale nonlinear . . .
, 2002
"... Nonlinear programming (NLP) has become an essential tool in process engineering, leading to prot gains through improved plant designs and better control strategies. The rapid advance in computer technology enables engineers to consider increasingly complex systems, where existing optimization codes ..."
Abstract

Cited by 61 (3 self)
 Add to MetaCart
Nonlinear programming (NLP) has become an essential tool in process engineering, leading to prot gains through improved plant designs and better control strategies. The rapid advance in computer technology enables engineers to consider increasingly complex systems, where existing optimization codes reach their practical limits. The objective of this dissertation is the design, analysis, implementation, and evaluation of a new NLP algorithm that is able to overcome the current bottlenecks, particularly in the area of process engineering. The proposed algorithm follows an interior point approach, thereby avoiding the combinatorial complexity of identifying the active constraints. Emphasis is laid on exibility in the computation of search directions, which allows the tailoring of the method to individual applications and is mandatory for the solution of very large problems. In a fullspace version the method can be used as general purpose NLP solver, for example in modeling environments such as Ampl. The reduced space version, based on coordinate decomposition, makes it possible to tailor linear algebra
Momentumbased Parameterization of Dynamic Character Motion
, 2004
"... This paper presents a system for rapid editing of highly dynamic motion capture data. At the heart of this system is an optimization algorithm that can transform the captured motion so that it satisfies highlevel user constraints while enforcing that the linear and angular momentum of the motion ..."
Abstract

Cited by 54 (2 self)
 Add to MetaCart
This paper presents a system for rapid editing of highly dynamic motion capture data. At the heart of this system is an optimization algorithm that can transform the captured motion so that it satisfies highlevel user constraints while enforcing that the linear and angular momentum of the motion remain physically plausible. Unlike most previous approaches to motion editing, our algorithm does not require pose specification or model reduction, and the user only need specify highlevel changes to the input motion. To preserve the dynamic behavior of the input motion, we introduce a splinebased parameterization that matches the linear and angular momentum patterns of the motion capture data. Because our algorithm enables rapid convergence by presenting a good initial state of the optimization, the user can efficiently generate a large number of realistic motions from a single input motion. The algorithm
On the implementation of an algorithm for largescale equality constrained optimization
 SIAM Journal on Optimization
, 1998
"... Abstract. This paper describes a software implementation of Byrd and Omojokun’s trust region algorithm for solving nonlinear equality constrained optimization problems. The code is designed for the efficient solution of large problems and provides the user with a variety of linear algebra techniques ..."
Abstract

Cited by 47 (12 self)
 Add to MetaCart
(Show Context)
Abstract. This paper describes a software implementation of Byrd and Omojokun’s trust region algorithm for solving nonlinear equality constrained optimization problems. The code is designed for the efficient solution of large problems and provides the user with a variety of linear algebra techniques for solving the subproblems occurring in the algorithm. Second derivative information can be used, but when it is not available, limited memory quasiNewton approximations are made. The performance of the code is studied using a set of difficult test problems from the CUTE collection.
TrustRegion InteriorPoint SQP Algorithms For A Class Of Nonlinear Programming Problems
 SIAM J. CONTROL OPTIM
, 1997
"... In this paper a family of trustregion interiorpoint SQP algorithms for the solution of a class of minimization problems with nonlinear equality constraints and simple bounds on some of the variables is described and analyzed. Such nonlinear programs arise e.g. from the discretization of optimal co ..."
Abstract

Cited by 46 (9 self)
 Add to MetaCart
(Show Context)
In this paper a family of trustregion interiorpoint SQP algorithms for the solution of a class of minimization problems with nonlinear equality constraints and simple bounds on some of the variables is described and analyzed. Such nonlinear programs arise e.g. from the discretization of optimal control problems. The algorithms treat states and controls as independent variables. They are designed to take advantage of the structure of the problem. In particular they do not rely on matrix factorizations of the linearized constraints, but use solutions of the linearized state equation and the adjoint equation. They are well suited for large scale problems arising from optimal control problems governed by partial differential equations. The algorithms keep strict feasibility with respect to the bound constraints by using an affine scaling method proposed for a different class of problems by Coleman and Li and they exploit trustregion techniques for equalityconstrained optimizatio...
An Algorithm for Nonlinear Optimization Using Linear Programming and Equality Constrained Subproblems
, 2003
"... This paper describes an activeset algorithm for largescale nonlinear programming based on the successive linear programming method proposed by Fletcher and Sainz de la Maza [10]. The step computation is performed in two stages. In the first stage a linear program is solved to estimate the activ ..."
Abstract

Cited by 46 (13 self)
 Add to MetaCart
(Show Context)
This paper describes an activeset algorithm for largescale nonlinear programming based on the successive linear programming method proposed by Fletcher and Sainz de la Maza [10]. The step computation is performed in two stages. In the first stage a linear program is solved to estimate the active set at the solution. The linear program is obtained by making a linear approximation to the ` 1 penalty function inside a trust region. In the second stage, an equality constrained quadratic program (EQP) is solved involving only those constraints that are active at the solution of the linear program.