Results 1  10
of
24
Truthful approximation schemes for singleparameter agents
 In FOCS ’08
"... We present the first monotone randomized polynomialtime approximation scheme (PTAS) for minimizing the makespan of parallel related machines (QCmax), the paradigmatic problem in singleparameter algorithmic mechanism design. This result immediately gives a polynomialtime, truthful (in expectation ..."
Abstract

Cited by 43 (9 self)
 Add to MetaCart
(Show Context)
We present the first monotone randomized polynomialtime approximation scheme (PTAS) for minimizing the makespan of parallel related machines (QCmax), the paradigmatic problem in singleparameter algorithmic mechanism design. This result immediately gives a polynomialtime, truthful (in expectation) mechanism whose approximation guarantee attains the bestpossible one for all polynomialtime algorithms (assuming P ̸ = NP). Our algorithmic techniques are flexible and also yield a monotone deterministic quasiPTAS for QCmax and a monotone randomized PTAS for maxmin scheduling on related machines. 1
From convex optimization to randomized mechanisms: Toward optimal combinatorial auctions
 In Proceedings of the 43rd annual ACM Symposium on Theory of Computing (STOC
, 2011
"... We design an expected polynomialtime, truthfulinexpectation, (1 − 1/e)approximation mechanism for welfare maximization in a fundamental class of combinatorial auctions. Our results apply to bidders with valuations that are matroid rank sums (MRS), which encompass mostconcreteexamplesofsubmodular ..."
Abstract

Cited by 35 (11 self)
 Add to MetaCart
We design an expected polynomialtime, truthfulinexpectation, (1 − 1/e)approximation mechanism for welfare maximization in a fundamental class of combinatorial auctions. Our results apply to bidders with valuations that are matroid rank sums (MRS), which encompass mostconcreteexamplesofsubmodularfunctionsstudiedinthiscontext,includingcoveragefunctions, matroid weightedrank functions, and convex combinations thereof. Our approximation factor is the best possible, even for known and explicitly given coverage valuations, assuming P ̸ = NP. Ours is the first truthfulinexpectation and polynomialtime mechanism to achieve a constantfactor approximation for an NPhard welfare maximization problem in combinatorial auctions with heterogeneous goods and restricted valuations. Our mechanism is an instantiation of a new framework for designing approximation mechanisms based on randomized rounding algorithms. A typical such algorithm first optimizes over a fractional relaxation of the original problem, and then randomly rounds the fractional solution to an integral one. With rare exceptions, such algorithms cannot be converted into truthful mechanisms. The highlevel idea of our mechanism design framework is to optimize directly
Bayesian Incentive Compatibility via Fractional Assignments
"... Very recently, Hartline and Lucier [14] studied singleparameter mechanism design problems in the Bayesian setting. They proposed a blackbox reduction that converted Bayesian approximation algorithms into BayesianIncentiveCompatible (BIC) mechanisms while preserving social welfare. It remains a ma ..."
Abstract

Cited by 20 (3 self)
 Add to MetaCart
(Show Context)
Very recently, Hartline and Lucier [14] studied singleparameter mechanism design problems in the Bayesian setting. They proposed a blackbox reduction that converted Bayesian approximation algorithms into BayesianIncentiveCompatible (BIC) mechanisms while preserving social welfare. It remains a major open question if one can find similar reduction in the more important multiparameter setting. In this paper, we give positive answer to this question when the prior distribution has finite and small support. We propose a blackbox reduction for designing BIC multiparameter mechanisms. The reduction converts any algorithm into an ɛBIC mechanism with only marginal loss in social welfare. As a result, for combinatorial auctions with subadditive agents we get an ɛBIC mechanism that achieves constant approximation. 1
The Exponential Mechanism for Social Welfare: Private, Truthful, and Nearly Optimal
, 2012
"... In this paper, we show that for any mechanism design problem, the exponential mechanism can be implemented as a truthful mechanism while still preserving differential privacy, if the objective is to maximize social welfare. Our instantiation of the exponential mechanism can be interpreted as a gener ..."
Abstract

Cited by 19 (2 self)
 Add to MetaCart
In this paper, we show that for any mechanism design problem, the exponential mechanism can be implemented as a truthful mechanism while still preserving differential privacy, if the objective is to maximize social welfare. Our instantiation of the exponential mechanism can be interpreted as a generalization of the VCG mechanism in the sense that the VCG mechanism is the extreme case when the privacy parameter goes to infinity. To our knowledge, this is the first general tool for designing mechanisms that are both truthful and differentially private.
Limitations of randomized mechanisms for combinatorial auctions
 In Proceedings of the 52nd IEEE Symposium on Foundations of Computer Science (FOCS
, 2011
"... Abstract — The design of computationally efficient and incentive compatible mechanisms that solve or approximate fundamental resource allocation problems is the main goal of algorithmic mechanism design. A central example in both theory and practice is welfaremaximization in combinatorial auctions. ..."
Abstract

Cited by 18 (4 self)
 Add to MetaCart
Abstract — The design of computationally efficient and incentive compatible mechanisms that solve or approximate fundamental resource allocation problems is the main goal of algorithmic mechanism design. A central example in both theory and practice is welfaremaximization in combinatorial auctions. Recently, a randomized mechanism has been discovered for combinatorial auctions that is truthful in expectation and guarantees a (1 − 1/e)approximation to the optimal social welfare when players have coverage valuations [11]. This approximation ratio is the best possible even for nontruthful algorithms, assuming P ̸ = NP [16]. Given the recent sequence of negative results for combinatorial auctions under more restrictive notions of incentive compatibility [7], [2], [9], this development raises a natural question: Are truthfulinexpectation mechanisms compatible with polynomialtime approximation in a way that deterministic or universally truthful
Reducing revenue to welfare maximization: Approximation algorithms and other generalizations
 IN SODA
, 2013
"... It was recently shown in [12] that revenue optimization can be computationally efficiently reduced to welfare optimization in all multidimensional Bayesian auction problems with arbitrary (possibly combinatorial) feasibility constraints and independent additive bidders with arbitrary (possibly comb ..."
Abstract

Cited by 13 (7 self)
 Add to MetaCart
(Show Context)
It was recently shown in [12] that revenue optimization can be computationally efficiently reduced to welfare optimization in all multidimensional Bayesian auction problems with arbitrary (possibly combinatorial) feasibility constraints and independent additive bidders with arbitrary (possibly combinatorial) demand constraints. This reduction provides a polytime solution to the optimal mechanism design problem in all auction settings where welfare optimization can be solved efficiently, but it is fragile to approximation and cannot provide solutions to settings where welfare maximization can only be tractably approximated. In this paper, we extend the reduction to accommodate approximation algorithms, providing an approximation preserving reduction from (truthful) revenue maximization to (not necessarily truthful) welfare maximization. The mechanisms output by our reduction choose allocations via blackbox calls to welfare approximation on randomly selected inputs, thereby generalizing also our earlier structural results on optimal multidimensional mechanisms to approximately optimal mechanisms. Unlike [12], our results here are obtained through novel uses of the Ellipsoid algorithm and other optimization techniques over nonconvex regions.
A Truthful Randomized Mechanism for Combinatorial Public Projects via Convex Optimization
, 2011
"... In Combinatorial Public Projects, there is a set of projects that may be undertaken, and a set of selfinterested players with a stake in the set of projects chosen. A public planner must choose a subset of these projects, subject to a resource constraint, with the goal of maximizing social welfare. ..."
Abstract

Cited by 11 (6 self)
 Add to MetaCart
In Combinatorial Public Projects, there is a set of projects that may be undertaken, and a set of selfinterested players with a stake in the set of projects chosen. A public planner must choose a subset of these projects, subject to a resource constraint, with the goal of maximizing social welfare. Combinatorial Public Projects has emerged as one of the paradigmatic problems in Algorithmic Mechanism Design, a field concerned with solving fundamental resource allocation problems in the presence of both selfish behavior and the computational constraint of polynomialtime. We design a polynomialtime, truthfulinexpectation,(1−1/e)approximation mechanism for welfare maximization in a fundamental variant of combinatorial public projects. Our results apply to combinatorial public projects when players have valuations that are matroid rank sums (MRS), which encompass most concrete examples of submodular functions studied in this context, including coverage functions, matroid weightedrank functions, and convex combinations thereof. Our approximation factor is the best possible, assuming P ̸ = NP. Ours is the first mechanism that achieves a constant factor approximation for a natural NPhard variant of combinatorial public projects.
A Universallytruthful Approximation Scheme for Multiunit Auctions
, 2012
"... We present a randomized, polynomialtime approximation scheme for multiunit auctions. Our mechanism is truthful in the universal sense, i.e., a distribution over deterministically truthful mechanisms. Previously known approximation schemes were truthful in expectation which is a weaker notion of tr ..."
Abstract

Cited by 8 (0 self)
 Add to MetaCart
(Show Context)
We present a randomized, polynomialtime approximation scheme for multiunit auctions. Our mechanism is truthful in the universal sense, i.e., a distribution over deterministically truthful mechanisms. Previously known approximation schemes were truthful in expectation which is a weaker notion of truthfulness assuming risk neutral bidders. The existence of a universally truthful approximation scheme was questioned by previous work showing that multiunit auctions with certain technical restrictions on their output do not admit a polynomialtime, universally truthful mechanism with approximation factor better than two. Our new mechanism employs VCG payments in a nonstandard way: The deterministic mechanisms underlying our universally truthful approximation scheme are not maximal in range and do not belong to the class of affine maximizers which, on a first view, seems to contradict previous characterizations of VCGbased mechanisms. Instead, each of these deterministic mechanisms is composed of a collection of affine maximizers, one for each bidder. This yields a subjective variant of VCG in which payments for different bidders are defined on the basis of possibly different affine maximizers.
On the Limits of BlackBox Reductions in Mechanism Design
"... We consider the problem of converting an arbitrary approximation algorithm for a singleparameter optimization problem into a computationally efficient truthful mechanism. We ask for reductions that are blackbox, meaning that they require only oracle access to the given algorithm and in particular ..."
Abstract

Cited by 8 (1 self)
 Add to MetaCart
(Show Context)
We consider the problem of converting an arbitrary approximation algorithm for a singleparameter optimization problem into a computationally efficient truthful mechanism. We ask for reductions that are blackbox, meaning that they require only oracle access to the given algorithm and in particular do not require explicit knowledge of the problem constraints. Such a reduction is known to be possible, for example, for the social welfare objective when the goal is to achieve Bayesian truthfulness and preserve social welfare in expectation. We show that a blackbox reduction for the social welfare objective is not possible if the resulting mechanism is required to be truthful in expectation and to preserve the worstcase approximation ratio of the algorithm to within a subpolynomial factor. Further, we prove that for other objectives such as makespan, no blackbox reduction is possible even if we only require Bayesian truthfulness and an averagecase performance guarantee.