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Quantum probability and many worlds
 Studies in History and Philosophy of Modern Physics
, 2007
"... We discuss the meaning of probabilities in the many worlds interpretation of quantum mechanics. We start by presenting very briefly the many worlds theory, how the problem of probability arises, and some unsuccessful attempts to solve it in the past. Then we criticize a recent attempt by Deutsch to ..."
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Cited by 7 (1 self)
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We discuss the meaning of probabilities in the many worlds interpretation of quantum mechanics. We start by presenting very briefly the many worlds theory, how the problem of probability arises, and some unsuccessful attempts to solve it in the past. Then we criticize a recent attempt by Deutsch to derive the quantum mechanical probabilities from the nonprobabilistic parts of quantum mechanics and classical decision theory. We further argue that the Born probability does not make sense even as an additional probability rule in the many worlds theory. Our conclusion is that the many worlds theory fails to account for the probabilistic statements of standard (collapse) quantum mechanics. Key words: Many worlds, quantum probability, rational decision theory. 1
Extended statistical modeling under symmetry: The link towards quantum mechanics
, 2003
"... We derive essential elements of quantum mechanics from a parametric structure extending that of traditional mathematical statistics. The basic setting is a set A of incompatible experiments, and a transformation group G on the cartesian product Π of the parameter spaces of these experiments. The set ..."
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Cited by 6 (4 self)
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We derive essential elements of quantum mechanics from a parametric structure extending that of traditional mathematical statistics. The basic setting is a set A of incompatible experiments, and a transformation group G on the cartesian product Π of the parameter spaces of these experiments. The set of possible parameters is constrained to lie in a subspace of Π, an orbit or a set of orbits of G. Each possible model is then connected to a parametric Hilbert space. The spaces of different experiments are linked unitarily, thus defining a common Hilbert space H. A state is equivalent to a question together with an answer: the choice of an experiment a ∈ A plus a value for the corresponding parameter. Finally, probabilities are introduced through Born’s formula, which is derived from a recent version of Gleason’s theorem. This then leads to the usual formalism of elementary quantum mechanics in important special cases. The theory is illustrated by the example of a quantum particle with spin. 1. Introduction. Both
Quantum theory as a statistical theory under symmetry
 In Foundations of Probability and Physics 3
, 2005
"... The aim of the paper is to derive essential elements of quantum mechanics from a parametric structure extending that of traditional mathematical statistics. The main extensions, which also can be motivated from an applied statistics point of view, relate to symmetry, the choice between complementary ..."
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Cited by 2 (0 self)
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The aim of the paper is to derive essential elements of quantum mechanics from a parametric structure extending that of traditional mathematical statistics. The main extensions, which also can be motivated from an applied statistics point of view, relate to symmetry, the choice between complementary experiments and hence complementary parametric models, and use of the fact that there for simple systems always is a limited experimental basis that is common to all potential experiments. Concepts related to transformation groups together with the statistical concept of sufficiency are used in the construction of the quantummechanical Hilbert space. The Born formula is motivated through recent analysis by Deutsch and Gill, and is shown to imply the formulae of elementary quantum probability / quantum inference theory in the simple case. Planck’s constant, and the Schrödinger equation are also derived from this conceptual framework. The theory is illustrated by one and
Three kinds of branching universe (DRAFT do not cite)
, 2005
"... In the light of recent work suggesting that the quantum probability rule can be derived in the Everett interpretation via decision theory, I consider what physical features of quantum mechanics make this possible. I analyse the status of the probabiliy rule in three dierent models of branching unive ..."
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In the light of recent work suggesting that the quantum probability rule can be derived in the Everett interpretation via decision theory, I consider what physical features of quantum mechanics make this possible. I analyse the status of the probabiliy rule in three dierent models of branching universes, each somewhat more complicated than the last, and conclude that only in the last model  in which the branching structure, as in quantum mechanics, emerges in a somewhat imprecise way from the underlying physical reality  is it possible to derive a probability rule, or indeed to behave in any rational way at all. 1