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268
From AdS/CFT correspondence to hydrodynamics
 J. High Energy Phys
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Viscosity in strongly interacting quantum field theories from black hole physics
, 2004
"... The ratio of shear viscosity to volume density of entropy can be used to characterize how close a given fluid is to being perfect. Using string theory methods, we show that this ratio is equal to a universal value of �/4πkB for a large class of strongly interacting quantum field theories whose dual ..."
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Cited by 170 (4 self)
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The ratio of shear viscosity to volume density of entropy can be used to characterize how close a given fluid is to being perfect. Using string theory methods, we show that this ratio is equal to a universal value of �/4πkB for a large class of strongly interacting quantum field theories whose dual description involves black holes in anti–de Sitter space. We provide evidence that this value may serve as a lower bound for a wide class of systems, thus suggesting that black hole horizons are dual to the most ideal fluids.
Nonlinear Fluid Dynamics from Gravity
, 2007
"... Black branes in AdS5 appear in a four parameter family labeled by their velocity and temperature. Promoting these parameters to Goldstone modes or collective coordinate fields – arbitrary functions of the coordinates on the boundary of AdS5 – we use Einstein’s equations together with regularity requ ..."
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Cited by 122 (4 self)
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Black branes in AdS5 appear in a four parameter family labeled by their velocity and temperature. Promoting these parameters to Goldstone modes or collective coordinate fields – arbitrary functions of the coordinates on the boundary of AdS5 – we use Einstein’s equations together with regularity requirements and boundary conditions to determine their dynamics. The resultant equations turn out to be those of boundary fluid dynamics, with specific values for fluid parameters. Our analysis is perturbative in the boundary derivative expansion but is valid for arbitrary amplitudes. Our work may be regarded as a derivation of the nonlinear equations of boundary fluid dynamics from gravity. As a concrete application we find an explicit expression for the expansion of this fluid stress tensor including terms up to second order in the derivative expansion.
Introduction to Holographic Superconductors
, 2010
"... Abstract These lectures give an introduction to the theory of holographic superconductors. These are superconductors that have a dual gravitational description using gauge/gravity duality. After introducing a suitable gravitational theory, we ..."
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Cited by 91 (3 self)
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Abstract These lectures give an introduction to the theory of holographic superconductors. These are superconductors that have a dual gravitational description using gauge/gravity duality. After introducing a suitable gravitational theory, we
Relativistic viscous hydrodynamics, conformal invariance, and holography
 JHEP
"... Abstract: We consider secondorder viscous hydrodynamics in conformal field theories at finite temperature. We show that conformal invariance imposes powerful constraints on the form of the secondorder corrections. By matching to the AdS/CFT calculations of correlators, and to recent results for Bj ..."
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Cited by 85 (2 self)
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Abstract: We consider secondorder viscous hydrodynamics in conformal field theories at finite temperature. We show that conformal invariance imposes powerful constraints on the form of the secondorder corrections. By matching to the AdS/CFT calculations of correlators, and to recent results for Bjorken flow obtained by Heller and Janik, we find three (out of five) secondorder transport coefficients in the strongly coupled N = 4 supersymmetric YangMills theory. We also discuss how these new coefficents can arise within the kinetic theory of weakly coupled conformal plasmas. We point out that the MüllerIsraelStewart theory, often used in numerical simulations, does not contain all allowed secondorder terms and, frequently, terms required by conformal invariance. Contents
Fluid dynamics of Rcharged black holes
"... We construct electrically charged AdS5 black hole solutions whose charge, mass and boostparameters vary slowly with the spacetime coordinates. From the perspective of the dual theory, these are equivalent to hydrodynamic configurations with varying chemical potential, temperature and velocity fiel ..."
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Cited by 75 (3 self)
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We construct electrically charged AdS5 black hole solutions whose charge, mass and boostparameters vary slowly with the spacetime coordinates. From the perspective of the dual theory, these are equivalent to hydrodynamic configurations with varying chemical potential, temperature and velocity fields. We compute the boundary theory transport coefficients associated with a derivative expansion of the energy momentum tensor and Rcharge current up to second order. In particular, we find a first order transport coefficient
Gravity & Hydrodynamics: Lectures on the fluidgravity correspondence
, 2009
"... We discuss recent developments in the hydrodynamic description of strongly coupled conformal field theories using the AdS/CFT correspondence. In particular, we review aspects of the fluidgravity correspondence which provides a map between a class of inhomogeneous, dynamical, black hole solutions in ..."
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Cited by 73 (1 self)
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We discuss recent developments in the hydrodynamic description of strongly coupled conformal field theories using the AdS/CFT correspondence. In particular, we review aspects of the fluidgravity correspondence which provides a map between a class of inhomogeneous, dynamical, black hole solutions in asymptotically AdS spacetimes and arbitrary fluid flows in the strongly interacting boundary field theory. We explain how the geometric duals to the fluid dynamics are constructed in a boundary derivative expansion and use the construction to extract the hydrodynamic transport coefficients. In addition we also describe the recent developments extending the correspondence to incorporate matter fields and to nonrelativistic systems. Based on
Universal hydrodynamics of nonconformal branes
"... We examine the hydrodynamic limit of nonconformal branes using the recently developed precise holographic dictionary. We first streamline the discussion of holography for backgrounds that asymptote locally to nonconformal brane solutions by showing that all such solutions can be obtained from high ..."
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Cited by 54 (5 self)
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We examine the hydrodynamic limit of nonconformal branes using the recently developed precise holographic dictionary. We first streamline the discussion of holography for backgrounds that asymptote locally to nonconformal brane solutions by showing that all such solutions can be obtained from higher dimensional asymptotically locally AdS solutions by suitable dimensional reduction and continuation in the dimension. As a consequence, many holographic results for such backgrounds follow from the corresponding results of the Asymptotically AdS case. In particular, the hydrodynamics of nonconformal branes is fully determined in terms of conformal hydrodynamics. Using previous results on the latter we predict the form of the nonconformal hydrodynamic stress tensor to second order in derivatives. Furthermore we show that the ratio between bulk and shear viscosity is fixed by the generalized conformal structure to be ζ/η = 2(1/(d − 1) − c2 s), where cs is the speed The AdS/CFT correspondence provides a powerful tool to study strongly coupled quantum field theories. In particular, it has become possible to explore strongly coupled finite temperature