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14,483
Near Shannon limit errorcorrecting coding and decoding
, 1993
"... Abstract This paper deals with a new class of convolutional codes called Turbocodes, whose performances in terms of Bit Error Rate (BER) are close to the SHANNON limit. The TurboCode encoder is built using a parallel concatenation of two Recursive Systematic Convolutional codes and the associated ..."
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Cited by 1776 (6 self)
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Abstract This paper deals with a new class of convolutional codes called Turbocodes, whose performances in terms of Bit Error Rate (BER) are close to the SHANNON limit. The TurboCode encoder is built using a parallel concatenation of two Recursive Systematic Convolutional codes
Factoring wavelet transforms into lifting steps
 J. FOURIER ANAL. APPL
, 1998
"... This paper is essentially tutorial in nature. We show how any discrete wavelet transform or two band subband filtering with finite filters can be decomposed into a finite sequence of simple filtering steps, which we call lifting steps but that are also known as ladder structures. This decompositio ..."
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Cited by 584 (8 self)
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. This decomposition corresponds to a factorization of the polyphase matrix of the wavelet or subband filters into elementary matrices. That such a factorization is possible is wellknown to algebraists (and expressed by the formula); it is also used in linear systems theory in the electrical engineering community. We
Achieving 100% Throughput in an InputQueued Switch
 IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON COMMUNICATIONS
, 1996
"... It is well known that headofline (HOL) blocking limits the throughput of an inputqueued switch with FIFO queues. Under certain conditions, the throughput can be shown to be limited to approximately 58%. It is also known that if nonFIFO queueing policies are used, the throughput can be increas ..."
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Cited by 527 (27 self)
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It is well known that headofline (HOL) blocking limits the throughput of an inputqueued switch with FIFO queues. Under certain conditions, the throughput can be shown to be limited to approximately 58%. It is also known that if nonFIFO queueing policies are used, the throughput can
Option Pricing: A Simplified Approach
 Journal of Financial Economics
, 1979
"... This paper presents a simple discretetime model for valumg optlons. The fundamental econonuc principles of option pricing by arbitrage methods are particularly clear In this setting. Its development requires only elementary mathematics, yet it contains as a special limiting case the celebrated Blac ..."
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Cited by 1016 (10 self)
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This paper presents a simple discretetime model for valumg optlons. The fundamental econonuc principles of option pricing by arbitrage methods are particularly clear In this setting. Its development requires only elementary mathematics, yet it contains as a special limiting case the celebrated
Depthfirst IterativeDeepening: An Optimal Admissible Tree Search
 Artificial Intelligence
, 1985
"... The complexities of various search algorithms are considered in terms of time, space, and cost of solution path. It is known that breadthfirst search requires too much space and depthfirst search can use too much time and doesn't always find a cheapest path. A depthfirst iteratiwdeepening a ..."
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Cited by 527 (24 self)
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first iteratiwdeepening algorithm is the only known algorithm that is capable of finding optimal solutions to randomly generated instances of the Fifeen Puzzle within practical resource limits. 1.
The Symbol Grounding Problem
, 1990
"... There has been much discussion recently about the scope and limits of purely symbolic models of the mind and about the proper role of connectionism in cognitive modeling. This paper describes the "symbol grounding problem": How can the semantic interpretation of a formal symbol system be m ..."
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Cited by 1084 (20 self)
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There has been much discussion recently about the scope and limits of purely symbolic models of the mind and about the proper role of connectionism in cognitive modeling. This paper describes the "symbol grounding problem": How can the semantic interpretation of a formal symbol system
The Contourlet Transform: An Efficient Directional Multiresolution Image Representation
 IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON IMAGE PROCESSING
"... The limitations of commonly used separable extensions of onedimensional transforms, such as the Fourier and wavelet transforms, in capturing the geometry of image edges are well known. In this paper, we pursue a “true” twodimensional transform that can capture the intrinsic geometrical structure t ..."
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Cited by 513 (20 self)
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The limitations of commonly used separable extensions of onedimensional transforms, such as the Fourier and wavelet transforms, in capturing the geometry of image edges are well known. In this paper, we pursue a “true” twodimensional transform that can capture the intrinsic geometrical structure
Grounding in communication
 In
, 1991
"... We give a general analysis of a class of pairs of positive selfadjoint operators A and B for which A + XB has a limit (in strong resolvent sense) as h10 which is an operator A, # A! Recently, Klauder [4] has discussed the following example: Let A be the operator(d2/A2) + x2 on L2(R, dx) and let ..."
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Cited by 1122 (20 self)
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B = 1 x 1s. The eigenvectors and eigenvalues of A are, of course, well known to be the Hermite functions, H,(x), n = 0, l,... and E, = 2n + 1. Klauder then considers the eigenvectors of A + XB (A> 0) by manipulations with the ordinary differential equation (we consider the domain questions
Loopy belief propagation for approximate inference: An empirical study. In:
 Proceedings of Uncertainty in AI,
, 1999
"... Abstract Recently, researchers have demonstrated that "loopy belief propagation" the use of Pearl's polytree algorithm in a Bayesian network with loops can perform well in the context of errorcorrecting codes. The most dramatic instance of this is the near Shannonlimit performanc ..."
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Cited by 676 (15 self)
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. Introduction The task of calculating posterior marginals on nodes in an arbitrary Bayesian network is known to be NP hard In this paper we investigate the approximation performance of "loopy belief propagation". This refers to using the wellknown Pearl polytree algorithm [12] on a Bayesian network
Motivation through the Design of Work: Test of a Theory. Organizational Behavior and Human Performance,
, 1976
"... A model is proposed that specifies the conditions under which individuals will become internally motivated to perform effectively on their jobs. The model focuses on the interaction among three classes of variables: (a) the psychological states of employees that must be present for internally motiv ..."
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Cited by 622 (2 self)
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in the management literature, in fact little is known about the reasons why "enriched" work sometimes leads to positive outcomes for workers and for their employing organizations. Even less is known about the relative effectiveness of various strategies for carrying out the redesign of work One reason
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