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Irrelevant Features and the Subset Selection Problem
 MACHINE LEARNING: PROCEEDINGS OF THE ELEVENTH INTERNATIONAL
, 1994
"... We address the problem of finding a subset of features that allows a supervised induction algorithm to induce small highaccuracy concepts. We examine notions of relevance and irrelevance, and show that the definitions used in the machine learning literature do not adequately partition the features ..."
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Cited by 741 (26 self)
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into useful categories of relevance. We present definitions for irrelevance and for two degrees of relevance. These definitions improve our understanding of the behavior of previous subset selection algorithms, and help define the subset of features that should be sought. The features selected should depend
An Overview of AspectJ
, 2001
"... AspectJTM is a simple and practical aspectoriented extension to JavaTM. With just a few new constructs, AspectJ provides support for modular implementation of a range of crosscutting concerns. In AspectJ's dynamic join point model, join points are welldefined points in the execution of the ..."
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Cited by 1384 (23 self)
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AspectJTM is a simple and practical aspectoriented extension to JavaTM. With just a few new constructs, AspectJ provides support for modular implementation of a range of crosscutting concerns. In AspectJ's dynamic join point model, join points are welldefined points in the execution
Mixtures of Probabilistic Principal Component Analysers
, 1998
"... Principal component analysis (PCA) is one of the most popular techniques for processing, compressing and visualising data, although its effectiveness is limited by its global linearity. While nonlinear variants of PCA have been proposed, an alternative paradigm is to capture data complexity by a com ..."
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Cited by 537 (6 self)
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maximumlikelihood framework, based on a specific form of Gaussian latent variable model. This leads to a welldefined mixture model for probabilistic principal component analysers, whose parameters can be determined using an EM algorithm. We discuss the advantages of this model in the context
Quantal Response Equilibria For Normal Form Games
 NORMAL FORM GAMES, GAMES AND ECONOMIC BEHAVIOR
, 1995
"... We investigate the use of standard statistical models for quantal choice in a game theoretic setting. Players choose strategies based on relative expected utility, and assume other players do so as well. We define a Quantal Response Equilibrium (QRE) as a fixed point of this process, and establish e ..."
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Cited by 634 (27 self)
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We investigate the use of standard statistical models for quantal choice in a game theoretic setting. Players choose strategies based on relative expected utility, and assume other players do so as well. We define a Quantal Response Equilibrium (QRE) as a fixed point of this process, and establish
The Skill Content of Recent Technological Change: An Empirical Exploration
, 2000
"... Recent empirical and case study evidence documents a strong association between the adoption of computers and increased use of college educated or nonproduction workers. With few exceptions, the conceptual link explaining how computer technology complements skilled labor or substitutes for unskille ..."
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Cited by 607 (29 self)
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of our framework are that computer capital (1) substitutes for a limited and welldefined set of human activities, those involving routine (repetitive) cognitive and manual tasks; and (2) complements a second set of activities, those involving nonroutine problem solving and interactive tasks. Under
Regression Shrinkage and Selection Via the Lasso
 Journal of the Royal Statistical Society, Series B
, 1994
"... We propose a new method for estimation in linear models. The "lasso" minimizes the residual sum of squares subject to the sum of the absolute value of the coefficients being less than a constant. Because of the nature of this constraint it tends to produce some coefficients that are exactl ..."
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Cited by 4055 (51 self)
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that are exactly zero and hence gives interpretable models. Our simulation studies suggest that the lasso enjoys some of the favourable properties of both subset selection and ridge regression. It produces interpretable models like subset selection and exhibits the stability of ridge regression. There is also
Relations between the statistics of natural images and the response properties of cortical cells
 J. Opt. Soc. Am. A
, 1987
"... The relative efficiency of any particular imagecoding scheme should be defined only in relation to the class of images that the code is likely to encounter. To understand the representation of images by the mammalian visual system, it might therefore be useful to consider the statistics of images f ..."
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Cited by 820 (17 self)
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The relative efficiency of any particular imagecoding scheme should be defined only in relation to the class of images that the code is likely to encounter. To understand the representation of images by the mammalian visual system, it might therefore be useful to consider the statistics of images
Segmentation of brain MR images through a hidden Markov random field model and the expectationmaximization algorithm
 IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON MEDICAL. IMAGING
, 2001
"... The finite mixture (FM) model is the most commonly used model for statistical segmentation of brain magnetic resonance (MR) images because of its simple mathematical form and the piecewise constant nature of ideal brain MR images. However, being a histogrambased model, the FM has an intrinsic limi ..."
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Cited by 619 (14 self)
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limitationâ€”no spatial information is taken into account. This causes the FM model to work only on welldefined images with low levels of noise; unfortunately, this is often not the the case due to artifacts such as partial volume effect and bias field distortion. Under these conditions, FM model
Propensity Score Matching Methods For NonExperimental Causal Studies
, 2002
"... This paper considers causal inference and sample selection bias in nonexperimental settings in which: (i) few units in the nonexperimental comparison group are comparable to the treatment units; and (ii) selecting a subset of comparison units similar to the treatment units is difficult because uni ..."
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Cited by 690 (3 self)
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This paper considers causal inference and sample selection bias in nonexperimental settings in which: (i) few units in the nonexperimental comparison group are comparable to the treatment units; and (ii) selecting a subset of comparison units similar to the treatment units is difficult because
A Threshold of ln n for Approximating Set Cover
 JOURNAL OF THE ACM
, 1998
"... Given a collection F of subsets of S = f1; : : : ; ng, set cover is the problem of selecting as few as possible subsets from F such that their union covers S, and max kcover is the problem of selecting k subsets from F such that their union has maximum cardinality. Both these problems are NPhar ..."
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Cited by 778 (5 self)
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Given a collection F of subsets of S = f1; : : : ; ng, set cover is the problem of selecting as few as possible subsets from F such that their union covers S, and max kcover is the problem of selecting k subsets from F such that their union has maximum cardinality. Both these problems are NP
Results 1  10
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