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The strength of weak learnability
 Machine Learning
, 1990
"... Abstract. This paper addresses the problem of improving the accuracy of an hypothesis output by a learning algorithm in the distributionfree (PAC) learning model. A concept class is learnable (or strongly learnable) if, given access to a Source of examples of the unknown concept, the learner with h ..."
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Cited by 861 (24 self)
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with high probability is able to output an hypothesis that is correct on all but an arbitrarily small fraction of the instances. The concept class is weakly learnable if the learner can produce an hypothesis that performs only slightly better than random guessing. In this paper, it is shown that these two
Boosting a Weak Learning Algorithm By Majority
, 1995
"... We present an algorithm for improving the accuracy of algorithms for learning binary concepts. The improvement is achieved by combining a large number of hypotheses, each of which is generated by training the given learning algorithm on a different set of examples. Our algorithm is based on ideas pr ..."
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Cited by 516 (15 self)
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presented by Schapire in his paper "The strength of weak learnability", and represents an improvement over his results. The analysis of our algorithm provides general upper bounds on the resources required for learning in Valiant's polynomial PAC learning framework, which are the best general
Exploring Weak Dependencies in DAG Scheduling
"... Abstract—Many computational solutions can be expressed as directed acyclic graphs (DAGs) with weighted nodes. In parallel computing, a fundamental challenge is to efficiently map computing resources to the tasks, while preserving the precedence constraints among the tasks. Traditionally, such constr ..."
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, such constraints are preserved by starting a task after all its preceding tasks are completed. However, for a class of DAG structured computations, a task can be partially executed with respect to each preceding task. We define such relationship between the tasks as weak dependency. In this paper, we adapt a
Managing Update Conflicts in Bayou, a Weakly Connected Replicated Storage System
 In Proceedings of the Fifteenth ACM Symposium on Operating Systems Principles
, 1995
"... Bayou is a replicated, weakly consistent storage system designed for a mobile computing environment that includes portable machines with less than ideal network connectivity. To maximize availability, users can read and write any accessible replica. Bayou's design has focused on supporting apph ..."
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Cited by 506 (14 self)
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Bayou is a replicated, weakly consistent storage system designed for a mobile computing environment that includes portable machines with less than ideal network connectivity. To maximize availability, users can read and write any accessible replica. Bayou's design has focused on supporting
Financial Dependence and Growth
 American Economic Review
, 1998
"... This paper examines whether nancial development facilitates economic growth by scrutinizing one rationale for such a relationship; that nancial development reduces the costs of external nance to rms. Speci cally, we ask whether industrial sectors that are relatively more in need of external nance de ..."
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Cited by 1043 (29 self)
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This paper examines whether nancial development facilitates economic growth by scrutinizing one rationale for such a relationship; that nancial development reduces the costs of external nance to rms. Speci cally, we ask whether industrial sectors that are relatively more in need of external nance develop disproportionately faster in countries with more developed nancial markets. We nd this to be true in a large sample of countries over the 1980s. We show this result is unlikely to be driven by omitted variables, outliers, or reverse causality. (JEL O4, F3, G1) A large literature, dating at least as far back as Joseph A. Schumpeter (1911), emphasizes the positive in uence of the development of a country's nancial sector on the level and the rate of growth of its per capita income. The argument essentially is that the services the nancial sector provides { of reallocating capital to the highest value use without substantial risk of loss through moral hazard, adverse selection, or transactions costs { are an essential catalyst of economic growth. Empirical work seems consistent with this argument. For example, on the
Characteristic functionbased goodnessoffit tests under weak dependence. Reports of the
"... weak dependence ..."
Model selection for weakly dependent time
"... Observing a stationary time series, we propose a twosteps procedure for the prediction of its next value. The first step follows machine learning theory paradigm and consists in determining a set of possible predictors as randomized estimators in (possibly numerous) different predictive models. Th ..."
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. The second step follows the model selection paradigm and consists in choosing one predictor with good properties among all the predictors of the first step. We study our procedure for two different types of observations: causal Bernoulli shifts and bounded weakly dependent processes. In both cases, we give
Linguistic Complexity: Locality of Syntactic Dependencies
 COGNITION
, 1998
"... This paper proposes a new theory of the relationship between the sentence processing mechanism and the available computational resources. This theory  the Syntactic Prediction Locality Theory (SPLT)  has two components: an integration cost component and a component for the memory cost associa ..."
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Cited by 486 (31 self)
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This paper proposes a new theory of the relationship between the sentence processing mechanism and the available computational resources. This theory  the Syntactic Prediction Locality Theory (SPLT)  has two components: an integration cost component and a component for the memory cost associated with keeping track of obligatory syntactic requirements. Memory cost is
Fronts propagating with curvature dependent speed: algorithms based on Hamilton–Jacobi formulations
 Journal of Computational Physics
, 1988
"... We devise new numerical algorithms, called PSC algorithms, for following fronts propagating with curvaturedependent speed. The speed may be an arbitrary function of curvature, and the front can also be passively advected by an underlying flow. These algorithms approximate the equations of motion, w ..."
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Cited by 1183 (64 self)
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We devise new numerical algorithms, called PSC algorithms, for following fronts propagating with curvaturedependent speed. The speed may be an arbitrary function of curvature, and the front can also be passively advected by an underlying flow. These algorithms approximate the equations of motion
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