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The strength of weak learnability
 Machine Learning
, 1990
"... Abstract. This paper addresses the problem of improving the accuracy of an hypothesis output by a learning algorithm in the distributionfree (PAC) learning model. A concept class is learnable (or strongly learnable) if, given access to a Source of examples of the unknown concept, the learner with h ..."
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Cited by 861 (24 self)
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notions of learnability are equivalent. A method is described for converting a weak learning algorithm into one that achieves arbitrarily high accuracy. This construction may have practical applications as a tool for efficiently converting a mediocre learning algorithm into one that performs extremely
Boosting a Weak Learning Algorithm By Majority
, 1995
"... We present an algorithm for improving the accuracy of algorithms for learning binary concepts. The improvement is achieved by combining a large number of hypotheses, each of which is generated by training the given learning algorithm on a different set of examples. Our algorithm is based on ideas pr ..."
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Cited by 516 (15 self)
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We present an algorithm for improving the accuracy of algorithms for learning binary concepts. The improvement is achieved by combining a large number of hypotheses, each of which is generated by training the given learning algorithm on a different set of examples. Our algorithm is based on ideas
Managing Update Conflicts in Bayou, a Weakly Connected Replicated Storage System
 In Proceedings of the Fifteenth ACM Symposium on Operating Systems Principles
, 1995
"... Bayou is a replicated, weakly consistent storage system designed for a mobile computing environment that includes portable machines with less than ideal network connectivity. To maximize availability, users can read and write any accessible replica. Bayou's design has focused on supporting apph ..."
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Cited by 506 (14 self)
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Bayou is a replicated, weakly consistent storage system designed for a mobile computing environment that includes portable machines with less than ideal network connectivity. To maximize availability, users can read and write any accessible replica. Bayou's design has focused on supporting
Strengths and Weaknesses of quantum computing
 SIAM JOURNAL OF COMPUTATION
, 1997
"... Recently a great deal of attention has been focused on quantum computation following a ..."
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Cited by 386 (10 self)
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Recently a great deal of attention has been focused on quantum computation following a
Gapped Blast and PsiBlast: a new generation of protein database search programs
 NUCLEIC ACIDS RESEARCH
, 1997
"... The BLAST programs are widely used tools for searching protein and DNA databases for sequence similarities. For protein comparisons, a variety of definitional, algorithmic and statistical refinements described here permits the execution time of the BLAST programs to be decreased substantially while ..."
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Cited by 8393 (85 self)
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enhancing their sensitivity to weak similarities. A new criterion for triggering the extension of word hits, combined with a new heuristic for generating gapped alignments, yields a gapped BLAST program that runs at approximately three times the speed of the original. In addition, a method is introduced
Wrappers for Feature Subset Selection
 AIJ SPECIAL ISSUE ON RELEVANCE
, 1997
"... In the feature subset selection problem, a learning algorithm is faced with the problem of selecting a relevant subset of features upon which to focus its attention, while ignoring the rest. To achieve the best possible performance with a particular learning algorithm on a particular training set, a ..."
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Cited by 1522 (3 self)
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the strengths and weaknesses of the wrapper approach andshow a series of improved designs. We compare the wrapper approach to induction without feature subset selection and to Relief, a filter approach to feature subset selection. Significant improvement in accuracy is achieved for some datasets for the two
Inverse Acoustic and Electromagnetic Scattering Theory, Second Edition
, 1998
"... Abstract. This paper is a survey of the inverse scattering problem for timeharmonic acoustic and electromagnetic waves at fixed frequency. We begin by a discussion of “weak scattering ” and Newtontype methods for solving the inverse scattering problem for acoustic waves, including a brief discussi ..."
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Cited by 1072 (45 self)
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Abstract. This paper is a survey of the inverse scattering problem for timeharmonic acoustic and electromagnetic waves at fixed frequency. We begin by a discussion of “weak scattering ” and Newtontype methods for solving the inverse scattering problem for acoustic waves, including a brief
Near Optimal Signal Recovery From Random Projections: Universal Encoding Strategies?
, 2004
"... Suppose we are given a vector f in RN. How many linear measurements do we need to make about f to be able to recover f to within precision ɛ in the Euclidean (ℓ2) metric? Or more exactly, suppose we are interested in a class F of such objects— discrete digital signals, images, etc; how many linear m ..."
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Cited by 1513 (20 self)
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law), then it is possible to reconstruct f to within very high accuracy from a small number of random measurements. typical result is as follows: we rearrange the entries of f (or its coefficients in a fixed basis) in decreasing order of magnitude f  (1) ≥ f  (2) ≥... ≥ f  (N), and define the weakℓp ball
The Cyclical Behavior of Equilibrium Unemployment and Vacancies
 American Economic Review
, 2005
"... This paper argues that a broad class of search models cannot generate the observed businesscyclefrequency fluctuations in unemployment and job vacancies in response to shocks of a plausible magnitude. In the U.S., the vacancyunemployment ratio is 20 times as volatile as average labor productivity ..."
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Cited by 839 (20 self)
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productivity, while under weak assumptions, search models predict that the vacancyunemployment ratio and labor productivity have nearly the same variance. I establish this claim both using analytical comparative statics in a very general deterministic search model and using simulations of a stochastic version
On active contour models and balloons
 CVGIP: Image
"... The use.of energyminimizing curves, known as “snakes, ” to extract features of interest in images has been introduced by Kass, Witkhr & Terzopoulos (Znt. J. Comput. Vision 1, 1987,321331). We present a model of deformation which solves some of the problems encountered with the original method. ..."
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Cited by 582 (43 self)
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curve need no longer be close to the solution to converge. The curve passes over weak edges and is stopped only if the edge is strong. We give examples of extracting a ventricle in medical images. We have also made a first step toward 3D object reconstruction, by tracking the extracted contour on a
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