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The Nature and Growth of Vertical Specialization in World Trade
 Journal of International Economics
"... Abstract: Dramatic changes are occurring in the nature of international trade. Production processes increasingly involve a sequential, vertical trading chain stretching across many countries, with each country specializing in particular stages of a good’s production sequence. We document a key aspe ..."
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Cited by 470 (20 self)
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Abstract: Dramatic changes are occurring in the nature of international trade. Production processes increasingly involve a sequential, vertical trading chain stretching across many countries, with each country specializing in particular stages of a good’s production sequence. We document a key
Community detection in graphs
, 2009
"... The modern science of networks has brought significant advances to our understanding of complex systems. One of the most relevant features of graphs representing real systems is community structure, or clustering, i. e. the organization of vertices in clusters, with many edges joining vertices of th ..."
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Cited by 801 (1 self)
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The modern science of networks has brought significant advances to our understanding of complex systems. One of the most relevant features of graphs representing real systems is community structure, or clustering, i. e. the organization of vertices in clusters, with many edges joining vertices
A fast and high quality multilevel scheme for partitioning irregular graphs
 SIAM JOURNAL ON SCIENTIFIC COMPUTING
, 1998
"... Recently, a number of researchers have investigated a class of graph partitioning algorithms that reduce the size of the graph by collapsing vertices and edges, partition the smaller graph, and then uncoarsen it to construct a partition for the original graph [Bui and Jones, Proc. ..."
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Cited by 1173 (16 self)
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Recently, a number of researchers have investigated a class of graph partitioning algorithms that reduce the size of the graph by collapsing vertices and edges, partition the smaller graph, and then uncoarsen it to construct a partition for the original graph [Bui and Jones, Proc.
Finding community structure in networks using the eigenvectors of matrices
, 2006
"... We consider the problem of detecting communities or modules in networks, groups of vertices with a higherthanaverage density of edges connecting them. Previous work indicates that a robust approach to this problem is the maximization of the benefit function known as “modularity ” over possible div ..."
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Cited by 500 (0 self)
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We consider the problem of detecting communities or modules in networks, groups of vertices with a higherthanaverage density of edges connecting them. Previous work indicates that a robust approach to this problem is the maximization of the benefit function known as “modularity ” over possible
The click modular router
, 2001
"... Click is a new software architecture for building flexible and configurable routers. A Click router is assembled from packet processing modules called elements. Individual elements implement simple router functions like packet classification, queueing, scheduling, and interfacing with network devic ..."
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Cited by 1155 (28 self)
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devices. A router configuration is a directed graph with elements at the vertices; packets flow along the edges of the graph. Configurations are written in a declarative language that supports userdefined abstractions. This language is both readable by humans and easily manipulated by tools. We present
Globus: A Metacomputing Infrastructure Toolkit
 International Journal of Supercomputer Applications
, 1996
"... Emerging highperformance applications require the ability to exploit diverse, geographically distributed resources. These applications use highspeed networks to integrate supercomputers, large databases, archival storage devices, advanced visualization devices, and/or scientific instruments to for ..."
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Cited by 1922 (52 self)
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. In this article, we introduce Globus, a system that we are developing to address these challenges. The Globus system is intended to achieve a vertically integrated treatment of application, middleware, and network. A lowlevel toolkit provides basic mechanisms such as communication, authentication, network
Property Testing and its connection to Learning and Approximation
"... We study the question of determining whether an unknown function has a particular property or is fflfar from any function with that property. A property testing algorithm is given a sample of the value of the function on instances drawn according to some distribution, and possibly may query the fun ..."
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Cited by 498 (68 self)
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to efficiently (i.e., in time linear in the number of vertices) construct partitions of the graph which corre...
Primitives for the manipulation of general subdivisions and the computations of Voronoi diagrams
 ACM Tmns. Graph
, 1985
"... The following problem is discussed: Given n points in the plane (the sites) and an arbitrary query point 4, find the site that is closest to q. This problem can be solved by constructing the Voronoi diagram of the given sites and then locating the query point in one of its regions. Two algorithms ar ..."
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Cited by 543 (11 self)
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are given, one that constructs the Voronoi diagram in O(n log n) time, and another that inserts a new site in O(n) time. Both are based on the use of the Voronoi dual, or Delaunay triangulation, and are simple enough to be of practical value. The simplicity of both algorithms can be attributed
Graphical models, exponential families, and variational inference
, 2008
"... The formalism of probabilistic graphical models provides a unifying framework for capturing complex dependencies among random variables, and building largescale multivariate statistical models. Graphical models have become a focus of research in many statistical, computational and mathematical fiel ..."
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Cited by 800 (26 self)
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The formalism of probabilistic graphical models provides a unifying framework for capturing complex dependencies among random variables, and building largescale multivariate statistical models. Graphical models have become a focus of research in many statistical, computational and mathematical
Improved Approximation Algorithms for Maximum Cut and Satisfiability Problems Using Semidefinite Programming
 Journal of the ACM
, 1995
"... We present randomized approximation algorithms for the maximum cut (MAX CUT) and maximum 2satisfiability (MAX 2SAT) problems that always deliver solutions of expected value at least .87856 times the optimal value. These algorithms use a simple and elegant technique that randomly rounds the solution ..."
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Cited by 1231 (13 self)
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We present randomized approximation algorithms for the maximum cut (MAX CUT) and maximum 2satisfiability (MAX 2SAT) problems that always deliver solutions of expected value at least .87856 times the optimal value. These algorithms use a simple and elegant technique that randomly rounds
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