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Spam Filtering Using a Markov Random Field Model with Variable Weighting Schemas
 Proc. Fourth IEEE Int’l Conf. Data Mining
, 2004
"... In this paper we present a Markov Random Field model based approach to filter spam. Our approach examines the importance of the neighborhood relationship (MRF cliques) among words in an email message for the purpose of spam classification. We propose and test several different theoretical bases for ..."
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Cited by 16 (2 self)
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for weighting schemes among corresponding neighborhood windows. Our results demonstrate that unexpected side effects depending on the neighborhood window size may have larger accuracy impact than the neighborhood relationship effects of the Markov Random Field. 1 Introduction and Related Work Spam filtering
Inflation Forecast Targeting: Implementing and Monitoring Inflation Targets
, 1996
"... Inflation targeting is shown to imply inflation forecast targeting: the central bank's inflation forecast becomes an explicit intermediate target. Inflation forecast targeting simplifies both implementation and monitoring of monetary policy. The weight on output stabilization determines how qui ..."
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Cited by 675 (48 self)
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Inflation targeting is shown to imply inflation forecast targeting: the central bank's inflation forecast becomes an explicit intermediate target. Inflation forecast targeting simplifies both implementation and monitoring of monetary policy. The weight on output stabilization determines how
The adaptive LASSO and its oracle properties
 Journal of the American Statistical Association
"... The lasso is a popular technique for simultaneous estimation and variable selection. Lasso variable selection has been shown to be consistent under certain conditions. In this work we derive a necessary condition for the lasso variable selection to be consistent. Consequently, there exist certain sc ..."
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Cited by 681 (10 self)
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scenarios where the lasso is inconsistent for variable selection. We then propose a new version of the lasso, called the adaptive lasso, where adaptive weights are used for penalizing different coefficients in the!1 penalty. We show that the adaptive lasso enjoys the oracle properties; namely, it performs
Image denoising using a scale mixture of Gaussians in the wavelet domain
 IEEE TRANS IMAGE PROCESSING
, 2003
"... We describe a method for removing noise from digital images, based on a statistical model of the coefficients of an overcomplete multiscale oriented basis. Neighborhoods of coefficients at adjacent positions and scales are modeled as the product of two independent random variables: a Gaussian vecto ..."
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Cited by 512 (17 self)
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coefficient reduces to a weighted average of the local linear estimates over all possible values of the hidden multiplier variable. We demonstrate through simulations with images contaminated by additive white Gaussian noise that the performance of this method substantially surpasses that of previously
Empirical exchange rate models of the Seventies: do they fit out of sample?
 JOURNAL OF INTERNATIONAL ECONOMICS
, 1983
"... This study compares the outofsample forecasting accuracy of various structural and time series exchange rate models. We find that a random walk model performs as well as any estimated model at one to twelve month horizons for the dollar/pound, dollar/mark, dollar/yen and tradeweighted dollar exch ..."
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Cited by 849 (12 self)
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This study compares the outofsample forecasting accuracy of various structural and time series exchange rate models. We find that a random walk model performs as well as any estimated model at one to twelve month horizons for the dollar/pound, dollar/mark, dollar/yen and tradeweighted dollar
Some simple effective approximations to the 2Poisson model for probabilistic weighted retrieval
 In Proceedings of SIGIR’94
, 1994
"... The 2–Poisson model for term frequencies is used to suggest ways of incorporating certain variables in probabilistic models for information retrieval. The variables concerned are withindocument term frequency, document length, and withinquery term frequency. Simple weighting functions are develope ..."
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Cited by 461 (14 self)
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The 2–Poisson model for term frequencies is used to suggest ways of incorporating certain variables in probabilistic models for information retrieval. The variables concerned are withindocument term frequency, document length, and withinquery term frequency. Simple weighting functions
Estimating Wealth Effects without Expenditure Data— or Tears
 Policy Research Working Paper 1980, The World
, 1998
"... Abstract: We use the National Family Health Survey (NFHS) data collected in Indian states in 1992 and 1993 to estimate the relationship between household wealth and the probability a child (aged 6 to 14) is enrolled in school. A methodological difficulty to overcome is that the NFHS, modeled closely ..."
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Cited by 869 (16 self)
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closely on the Demographic and Health Surveys (DHS), measures neither household income nor consumption expenditures. As a proxy for longrun household wealth we construct a linear index from a set of asset indicators using principal components analysis to derive the weights. This “asset index ” is robust
Preferences over Inflation and Unemployment: Evidence from Surveys of Happiness
, 2000
"... This paper has two aims. The first is to show that citizens care about these two variables. We present evidence that inflation and unemployment belong in a wellbeing function. The second is to calculate the costs of inflation in terms of unemployment. We measure the relative size of the weights att ..."
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Cited by 469 (48 self)
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This paper has two aims. The first is to show that citizens care about these two variables. We present evidence that inflation and unemployment belong in a wellbeing function. The second is to calculate the costs of inflation in terms of unemployment. We measure the relative size of the weights
Efficient Estimation of Average Treatment Effects Using the Estimated Propensity Score
, 2000
"... We are interested in estimating the average effect of a binary treatment on a scalar outcome. If assignment to the treatment is independent of the potential outcomes given pretreatment variables, biases associated with simple treatmentcontrol average comparisons can be removed by adjusting for diff ..."
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Cited by 413 (35 self)
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treatment variables. Thus it is possible to obtain unbiased estimates of the treatment effect without conditioning on a possibly highdimensional vector of pretreatment variables. Although adjusting for the propensity score removes all the bias, this can come at the expense of efficiency. We show that weighting
Extending and Implementing the Stable Model Semantics
, 2002
"... A novel logic program like language, weight constraint rules, is developed for answer set programming purposes. It generalizes normal logic programs by allowing weight constraints in place of literals to represent, e.g., cardinality and resource constraints and by providing optimization capabilities ..."
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Cited by 396 (9 self)
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A novel logic program like language, weight constraint rules, is developed for answer set programming purposes. It generalizes normal logic programs by allowing weight constraints in place of literals to represent, e.g., cardinality and resource constraints and by providing optimization
Results 1  10
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1,544,446