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204,433
A learning algorithm for Boltzmann machines
 Cognitive Science
, 1985
"... The computotionol power of massively parallel networks of simple processing elements resides in the communication bandwidth provided by the hardware connections between elements. These connections con allow a significant fraction of the knowledge of the system to be applied to an instance of a probl ..."
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Cited by 584 (13 self)
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. Second, there must be some way of choosing internal representations which allow the preexisting hardware connections to be used efficiently for encoding the constraints in the domain being searched. We describe a generol parallel search method, based on statistical mechanics, and we show how it leads
The moderatorâ€“mediator variable distinction in social psychological research: Conceptual, strategic, and statistical considerations
 Journal of Personality and Social Psychology
, 1986
"... In this article, we attempt to distinguish between the properties of moderator and mediator variables at a number of levels. First, we seek to make theorists and researchers aware of the importance of not using the terms moderator and mediator interchangeably by carefully elaborating, both conceptua ..."
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Cited by 5736 (8 self)
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conceptually and strategically, the many ways in which moderators and mediators differ. We then go beyond this largely pedagogical function and delineate the conceptual and strategic implications of making use of such distinctions with regard to a wide range of phenomena, including control and stress
Network Applications of Bloom Filters: A Survey
 INTERNET MATHEMATICS
, 2002
"... A Bloomfilter is a simple spaceefficient randomized data structure for representing a set in order to support membership queries. Bloom filters allow false positives but the space savings often outweigh this drawback when the probability of an error is controlled. Bloom filters have been used in ..."
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Cited by 522 (17 self)
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in database applications since the 1970s, but only in recent years have they become popular in the networking literature. The aim of this paper is to survey the ways in which Bloom filters have been used and modified in a variety of network problems, with the aim of providing a unified mathematical
A semantics of multiple inheritance
 Information and Computation
, 1988
"... There are two major ways of structuring data in programming languages. The first and common one, used for example in Pascal, can be said to derive from standard branches of mathematics. Data is organized as cartesian products (i.e. record types), disjoint sums (i.e. unions or variant types) and func ..."
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Cited by 528 (9 self)
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There are two major ways of structuring data in programming languages. The first and common one, used for example in Pascal, can be said to derive from standard branches of mathematics. Data is organized as cartesian products (i.e. record types), disjoint sums (i.e. unions or variant types
Virtual time
 ACM Transactions on Programming Languages and Systems
, 1985
"... Virtual time is a new paradigm for organizing and synchronizing distributed systems which can be applied to such problems as distributed discrete event simulation and distributed database concurrency control. Virtual time provides a flexible abstraction of real time in much the same way that virtua ..."
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Cited by 980 (7 self)
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Virtual time is a new paradigm for organizing and synchronizing distributed systems which can be applied to such problems as distributed discrete event simulation and distributed database concurrency control. Virtual time provides a flexible abstraction of real time in much the same way
Classification in the KLONE knowledge representation system
 COGNITIVE SCIENCE
, 1985
"... KLONE lets one define and use a class of descriptive terms called Concepts, where each Concept denotes a set of objects A subsumption relation between Concepts is defined which is related to set inclusion by way of a semantics for Concepts. This subsumption relation defines a partial order on Conce ..."
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Cited by 673 (8 self)
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KLONE lets one define and use a class of descriptive terms called Concepts, where each Concept denotes a set of objects A subsumption relation between Concepts is defined which is related to set inclusion by way of a semantics for Concepts. This subsumption relation defines a partial order
On Spectral Clustering: Analysis and an algorithm
 ADVANCES IN NEURAL INFORMATION PROCESSING SYSTEMS
, 2001
"... Despite many empirical successes of spectral clustering methods  algorithms that cluster points using eigenvectors of matrices derived from the distances between the points  there are several unresolved issues. First, there is a wide variety of algorithms that use the eigenvectors in slightly ..."
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Cited by 1713 (13 self)
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in slightly different ways. Second, many of these algorithms have no proof that they will actually compute a reasonable clustering. In this paper, we present a simple spectral clustering algorithm that can be implemented using a few lines of Matlab. Using tools from matrix perturbation theory, we analyze
Electronic Markets and Electronic Hierarchies
 Communications of the ACM
, 1987
"... This paper analyzes the fundamental changes in market structures that may result from the increasing use of information technology. First, an analytic framework is presented and its usefulness is demonstrated in explaining several major historical changes in American business structures. Then, the f ..."
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Cited by 707 (10 self)
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by markets rather than by internal decisions within firms. Finally, several examples of companies where these changes are already occurring are used to illustrate the likely paths by which new market structures will evolve and the ways in which individual companies can take advantage of these changes.
Exploiting Generative Models in Discriminative Classifiers
 In Advances in Neural Information Processing Systems 11
, 1998
"... Generative probability models such as hidden Markov models provide a principled way of treating missing information and dealing with variable length sequences. On the other hand, discriminative methods such as support vector machines enable us to construct flexible decision boundaries and often resu ..."
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Cited by 551 (9 self)
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result in classification performance superior to that of the model based approaches. An ideal classifier should combine these two complementary approaches. In this paper, we develop a natural way of achieving this combination by deriving kernel functions for use in discriminative methods such as support
Dynamic Bayesian Networks: Representation, Inference and Learning
, 2002
"... Modelling sequential data is important in many areas of science and engineering. Hidden Markov models (HMMs) and Kalman filter models (KFMs) are popular for this because they are simple and flexible. For example, HMMs have been used for speech recognition and biosequence analysis, and KFMs have bee ..."
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Cited by 770 (3 self)
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) space instead of O(T); a simple way of using the junction tree algorithm for online inference in DBNs; new complexity bounds on exact online inference in DBNs; a new deterministic approximate inference algorithm called factored frontier; an analysis of the relationship between the BK algorithm and loopy
Results 11  20
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