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2,069
Search and replication in unstructured peertopeer networks
, 2002
"... Abstract Decentralized and unstructured peertopeer networks such as Gnutella are attractive for certain applicationsbecause they require no centralized directories and no precise control over network topologies and data placement. However, the floodingbased query algorithm used in Gnutella does n ..."
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Cited by 692 (6 self)
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. Finally, we find that among the various network topologies we consider, uniform random graphs yield the bestperformance. 1 Introduction The computer science community has become accustomed to the Internet's continuing rapid growth, but even tosuch jaded observers the explosive increase in Peer
Loopy belief propagation for approximate inference: An empirical study. In:
 Proceedings of Uncertainty in AI,
, 1999
"... Abstract Recently, researchers have demonstrated that "loopy belief propagation" the use of Pearl's polytree algorithm in a Bayesian network with loops can perform well in the context of errorcorrecting codes. The most dramatic instance of this is the near Shannonlimit performanc ..."
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Cited by 676 (15 self)
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to converge if none of the beliefs in successive iterations changed by more than a small threshold (104). All messages were initialized to a vector of ones; random initializa tion yielded similar results, since the initial conditions rapidly get "washed out" . For comparison, we also implemented
Efficient belief propagation for early vision
 In CVPR
, 2004
"... Markov random field models provide a robust and unified framework for early vision problems such as stereo, optical flow and image restoration. Inference algorithms based on graph cuts and belief propagation yield accurate results, but despite recent advances are often still too slow for practical u ..."
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Cited by 515 (8 self)
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Markov random field models provide a robust and unified framework for early vision problems such as stereo, optical flow and image restoration. Inference algorithms based on graph cuts and belief propagation yield accurate results, but despite recent advances are often still too slow for practical
Common Randomness in Information Theory and Cryptography Part II: CR capacity
 IEEE Trans. Inform. Theory
, 1993
"... The CR capacity of a twoteminal model is defined as the maximum rate of common randomness that the terminals can generate using resources specified by the given model. We determine CR capacity for several models, including those whose statistics depend on unknown parameters. The CR capacity is show ..."
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Cited by 306 (13 self)
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is shown to be achievable robustly, by common randomness of nearly uniform distribution no matter what the unknown parameters are. Our CR capacity results are relevant for the problem of identification capacity, and also yield a new result on the regular (transmission) capacity of arbitrarily varying
On the Minimum Node Degree and Connectivity of a Wireless Multihop Network
 ACM MobiHoc
, 2002
"... This paper investigates two fundamental characteristics of a wireless multihop network: its minimum node degree and its k–connectivity. Both topology attributes depend on the spatial distribution of the nodes and their transmission range. Using typical modeling assumptions — a random uniform distri ..."
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Cited by 318 (4 self)
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This paper investigates two fundamental characteristics of a wireless multihop network: its minimum node degree and its k–connectivity. Both topology attributes depend on the spatial distribution of the nodes and their transmission range. Using typical modeling assumptions — a random uniform
Scalesensitive Dimensions, Uniform Convergence, and Learnability
, 1997
"... Learnability in Valiant's PAC learning model has been shown to be strongly related to the existence of uniform laws of large numbers. These laws define a distributionfree convergence property of means to expectations uniformly over classes of random variables. Classes of realvalued functions ..."
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Cited by 242 (2 self)
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Learnability in Valiant's PAC learning model has been shown to be strongly related to the existence of uniform laws of large numbers. These laws define a distributionfree convergence property of means to expectations uniformly over classes of random variables. Classes of realvalued functions
On the Optimality of Solutions of the MaxProduct Belief Propagation Algorithm in Arbitrary Graphs
, 2001
"... Graphical models, suchasBayesian networks and Markov random fields, represent statistical dependencies of variables by a graph. The maxproduct "belief propagation" algorithm is a localmessage passing algorithm on this graph that is known to converge to a unique fixed point when the gra ..."
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Cited by 241 (13 self)
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Graphical models, suchasBayesian networks and Markov random fields, represent statistical dependencies of variables by a graph. The maxproduct "belief propagation" algorithm is a localmessage passing algorithm on this graph that is known to converge to a unique fixed point when
Interactive Motion Generation from Examples
, 2002
"... There are many applications that demand large quantities of natural looking motion. It is difficult to synthesize motion that looks natural, particularly when it is people who must move. In this paper, we present a framework that generates human motions by cutting and pasting motion capture data. Se ..."
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Cited by 281 (12 self)
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. Selecting a collection of clips that yields an acceptable motion is a combinatorial problem that we manage as a randomized search of a hierarchy of graphs. This approach can generate motion sequences that satisfy a variety of constraints automatically. The motions are smooth and human
Markov random fields with efficient approximations
 In IEEE Conference on Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition
, 1998
"... Markov Random Fields (MRF’s) can be used for a wide variety of vision problems. In this paper we focus on MRF’s with twovalued clique potentials, which form a generalized Potts model. We show that the maximum a posteriori estimate of such an MRF can be obtained by solving a multiway minimum cut pro ..."
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Cited by 210 (23 self)
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problem on a graph. We develop efficient algorithms for computing good approximations to the minimum multiway cut. The visual correspondence problem can be formulated as an MRF in our framework; this yields quite promising results on real data with ground truth. We also apply our techniques to MRF
On nearuniform URL sampling
, 2000
"... We consider the problem of sampling URLs uniformly at random from the Web. A tool for sampling URLs uniformly can be used to estimate various properties of Web pages, such as the fraction of pages in various Internet domains or written in various languages. Moreover, uniform URL sampling can be used ..."
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Cited by 124 (6 self)
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be used to determine the sizes of various search engines relative to the entire Web. In this paper, we consider sampling approaches based on random walks of the Web graph. In particular, we suggest ways of improving sampling based on random walks to make the samples closer to uniform. We suggest a natural
Results 1  10
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