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110,645
Learning to rank using gradient descent
 In ICML
, 2005
"... We investigate using gradient descent methods for learning ranking functions; we propose a simple probabilistic cost function, and we introduce RankNet, an implementation of these ideas using a neural network to model the underlying ranking function. We present test results on toy data and on data f ..."
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Cited by 510 (17 self)
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We investigate using gradient descent methods for learning ranking functions; we propose a simple probabilistic cost function, and we introduce RankNet, an implementation of these ideas using a neural network to model the underlying ranking function. We present test results on toy data and on data
Efficiently computing static single assignment form and the control dependence graph
 ACM TRANSACTIONS ON PROGRAMMING LANGUAGES AND SYSTEMS
, 1991
"... In optimizing compilers, data structure choices directly influence the power and efficiency of practical program optimization. A poor choice of data structure can inhibit optimization or slow compilation to the point that advanced optimization features become undesirable. Recently, static single ass ..."
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Cited by 997 (8 self)
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In optimizing compilers, data structure choices directly influence the power and efficiency of practical program optimization. A poor choice of data structure can inhibit optimization or slow compilation to the point that advanced optimization features become undesirable. Recently, static single
Mixtures of Probabilistic Principal Component Analysers
, 1998
"... Principal component analysis (PCA) is one of the most popular techniques for processing, compressing and visualising data, although its effectiveness is limited by its global linearity. While nonlinear variants of PCA have been proposed, an alternative paradigm is to capture data complexity by a com ..."
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Cited by 537 (6 self)
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Principal component analysis (PCA) is one of the most popular techniques for processing, compressing and visualising data, although its effectiveness is limited by its global linearity. While nonlinear variants of PCA have been proposed, an alternative paradigm is to capture data complexity by a
Laplacian Eigenmaps and Spectral Techniques for Embedding and Clustering
 Advances in Neural Information Processing Systems 14
, 2001
"... Drawing on the correspondence between the graph Laplacian, the LaplaceBeltrami operator on a manifold, and the connections to the heat equation, we propose a geometrically motivated algorithm for constructing a representation for data sampled from a low dimensional manifold embedded in a higher ..."
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Cited by 664 (8 self)
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Drawing on the correspondence between the graph Laplacian, the LaplaceBeltrami operator on a manifold, and the connections to the heat equation, we propose a geometrically motivated algorithm for constructing a representation for data sampled from a low dimensional manifold embedded in a
Some Evidence on the Importance of Sticky Prices
 JOURNAL OF POLITICAL ECONOMY
, 2004
"... We examine the frequency of price changes for 350 categories of goods and services covering about 70 % of consumer spending, based on unpublished data from the BLS for 1995 to 1997. Compared with previous studies we find much more frequent price changes, with half of goods' prices lasting less ..."
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Cited by 734 (15 self)
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We examine the frequency of price changes for 350 categories of goods and services covering about 70 % of consumer spending, based on unpublished data from the BLS for 1995 to 1997. Compared with previous studies we find much more frequent price changes, with half of goods' prices lasting less
A Comparative Analysis of Methodologies for Database Schema Integration
 ACM COMPUTING SURVEYS
, 1986
"... One of the fundamental principles of the database approach is that a database allows a nonredundant, unified representation of all data managed in an organization. This is achieved only when methodologies are available to support integration across organizational and application boundaries.
Metho ..."
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Cited by 642 (10 self)
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One of the fundamental principles of the database approach is that a database allows a nonredundant, unified representation of all data managed in an organization. This is achieved only when methodologies are available to support integration across organizational and application boundaries
Using spin images for efficient object recognition in cluttered 3D scenes
 IEEE Transactions on Pattern Analysis and Machine Intelligence
, 1999
"... We present a 3D shapebased object recognition system for simultaneous recognition of multiple objects in scenes containing clutter and occlusion. Recognition is based on matching surfaces by matching points using the spinimage representation. The spinimage is a data level shape descriptor that i ..."
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Cited by 571 (9 self)
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We present a 3D shapebased object recognition system for simultaneous recognition of multiple objects in scenes containing clutter and occlusion. Recognition is based on matching surfaces by matching points using the spinimage representation. The spinimage is a data level shape descriptor
Estimating the Support of a HighDimensional Distribution
, 1999
"... Suppose you are given some dataset drawn from an underlying probability distribution P and you want to estimate a "simple" subset S of input space such that the probability that a test point drawn from P lies outside of S is bounded by some a priori specified between 0 and 1. We propo ..."
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Cited by 766 (29 self)
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propose a method to approach this problem by trying to estimate a function f which is positive on S and negative on the complement. The functional form of f is given by a kernel expansion in terms of a potentially small subset of the training data; it is regularized by controlling the length
Loopy Belief Propagation for Approximate Inference: An Empirical Study
 In Proceedings of Uncertainty in AI
, 1999
"... Recently, researchers have demonstrated that "loopy belief propagation"  the use of Pearl's polytree algorithm in a Bayesian network with loops  can perform well in the context of errorcorrecting codes. The most dramatic instance of this is the near Shannonlimit performa ..."
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Cited by 680 (18 self)
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Recently, researchers have demonstrated that "loopy belief propagation"  the use of Pearl's polytree algorithm in a Bayesian network with loops  can perform well in the context of errorcorrecting codes. The most dramatic instance of this is the near Shannonlimit performance of "Turbo Codes"  codes whose decoding algorithm is equivalent to loopy belief propagation in a chainstructured Bayesian network. In this paper we ask: is there something special about the errorcorrecting code context, or does loopy propagation work as an approximate inference scheme in a more general setting? We compare the marginals computed using loopy propagation to the exact ones in four Bayesian network architectures, including two realworld networks: ALARM and QMR. We find that the loopy beliefs often converge and when they do, they give a good approximation to the correct marginals. However, on the QMR network, the loopy beliefs oscillated and had no obvious relationship ...
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