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The complexity of theoremproving procedures
 IN STOC
, 1971
"... It is shown that any recognition problem solved by a polynomial timebounded nondeterministic Turing machine can be “reduced” to the problem of determining whether a given propositional formula is a tautology. Here “reduced ” means, roughly speaking, that the first problem can be solved deterministi ..."
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Cited by 1033 (5 self)
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of two given graphs is isomorphic to a subgraph of the second. Other examples are discussed. A method of measuring the complexity of proof procedures for the predicate calculus is introduced and discussed. Throughout this paper, a set of strings 1 means a set of strings on some fixed, large, finite
Quantum complexity theory
 in Proc. 25th Annual ACM Symposium on Theory of Computing, ACM
, 1993
"... Abstract. In this paper we study quantum computation from a complexity theoretic viewpoint. Our first result is the existence of an efficient universal quantum Turing machine in Deutsch’s model of a quantum Turing machine (QTM) [Proc. Roy. Soc. London Ser. A, 400 (1985), pp. 97–117]. This constructi ..."
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Cited by 571 (5 self)
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the modern (complexity theoretic) formulation of the Church–Turing thesis. We show the existence of a problem, relative to an oracle, that can be solved in polynomial time on a quantum Turing machine, but requires superpolynomial time on a boundederror probabilistic Turing machine, and thus not in the class
A theory of timed automata
, 1999
"... Model checking is emerging as a practical tool for automated debugging of complex reactive systems such as embedded controllers and network protocols (see [23] for a survey). Traditional techniques for model checking do not admit an explicit modeling of time, and are thus, unsuitable for analysis of ..."
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Cited by 2619 (32 self)
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Model checking is emerging as a practical tool for automated debugging of complex reactive systems such as embedded controllers and network protocols (see [23] for a survey). Traditional techniques for model checking do not admit an explicit modeling of time, and are thus, unsuitable for analysis
Reality Mining: Sensing Complex Social Systems
 J. OF PERSONAL AND UBIQUITOUS COMPUTING
, 2005
"... We introduce a system for sensing complex social systems with data collected from one hundred mobile phones over the course of six months. We demonstrate the ability to use standard Bluetoothenabled mobile telephones to measure information access and use in different contexts, recognize social patt ..."
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Cited by 702 (27 self)
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We introduce a system for sensing complex social systems with data collected from one hundred mobile phones over the course of six months. We demonstrate the ability to use standard Bluetoothenabled mobile telephones to measure information access and use in different contexts, recognize social
Time Varying World Market Integration
 JOURNAL OF FINANCE
, 1995
"... We propose a measure of capital market integration arising from a conditional regimeswitching model. Our measure allows us to describe expected returns in countries that are segmented from world capital markets in one part of the sample and become integrated later in the sample. We find that a numb ..."
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Cited by 529 (39 self)
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We propose a measure of capital market integration arising from a conditional regimeswitching model. Our measure allows us to describe expected returns in countries that are segmented from world capital markets in one part of the sample and become integrated later in the sample. We find that a
Statecharts: A Visual Formalism For Complex Systems
, 1987
"... We present a broad extension of the conventional formalism of state machines and state diagrams, that is relevant to the specification and design of complex discreteevent systems, such as multicomputer realtime systems, communication protocols and digital control units. Our diagrams, which we cal ..."
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Cited by 2662 (56 self)
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We present a broad extension of the conventional formalism of state machines and state diagrams, that is relevant to the specification and design of complex discreteevent systems, such as multicomputer realtime systems, communication protocols and digital control units. Our diagrams, which we
Coupled hidden Markov models for complex action recognition
, 1996
"... We present algorithms for coupling and training hidden Markov models (HMMs) to model interacting processes, and demonstrate their superiority to conventional HMMs in a vision task classifying twohanded actions. HMMs are perhaps the most successful framework in perceptual computing for modeling and ..."
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Cited by 499 (22 self)
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and classifying dynamic behaviors, popular because they offer dynamic time warping, a training algorithm, and a clear Bayesian semantics. However, the Markovian framework makes strong restrictive assumptions about the system generating the signalthat it is a single process having a small number of states
Spacetime block codes from orthogonal designs
 IEEE Trans. Inform. Theory
, 1999
"... Abstract — We introduce space–time block coding, a new paradigm for communication over Rayleigh fading channels using multiple transmit antennas. Data is encoded using a space–time block code and the encoded data is split into � streams which are simultaneously transmitted using � transmit antennas. ..."
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Cited by 1499 (42 self)
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space–time block codes for both real and complex constellations for any number of transmit antennas. These codes achieve the maximum possible transmission rate for any number of transmit antennas using any arbitrary real constellation such as PAM. For an arbitrary complex constellation such as PSK
Pointsto Analysis in Almost Linear Time
, 1996
"... We present an interprocedural flowinsensitive pointsto analysis based on type inference methods with an almost linear time cost complexity. To our knowledge, this is the asymptotically fastest nontrivial interprocedural pointsto analysis algorithm yet described. The algorithm is based on a nons ..."
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Cited by 591 (3 self)
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We present an interprocedural flowinsensitive pointsto analysis based on type inference methods with an almost linear time cost complexity. To our knowledge, this is the asymptotically fastest nontrivial interprocedural pointsto analysis algorithm yet described. The algorithm is based on a non
The particel swarm: Explosion, stability, and convergence in a multidimensional complex space
 IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON EVOLUTIONARY COMPUTION
"... The particle swarm is an algorithm for finding optimal regions of complex search spaces through interaction of individuals in a population of particles. Though the algorithm, which is based on a metaphor of social interaction, has been shown to perform well, researchers have not adequately explained ..."
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Cited by 822 (10 self)
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The particle swarm is an algorithm for finding optimal regions of complex search spaces through interaction of individuals in a population of particles. Though the algorithm, which is based on a metaphor of social interaction, has been shown to perform well, researchers have not adequately
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