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What energy functions can be minimized via graph cuts?
 IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON PATTERN ANALYSIS AND MACHINE INTELLIGENCE
, 2004
"... In the last few years, several new algorithms based on graph cuts have been developed to solve energy minimization problems in computer vision. Each of these techniques constructs a graph such that the minimum cut on the graph also minimizes the energy. Yet, because these graph constructions are co ..."
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Cited by 1047 (23 self)
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that can be written as a sum of terms containing three or fewer binary variables. We also provide a generalpurpose construction to minimize such an energy function. Finally, we give a necessary condition for any energy function of binary variables to be minimized by graph cuts. Researchers who
Detecting faces in images: A survey
 IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON PATTERN ANALYSIS AND MACHINE INTELLIGENCE
, 2002
"... Images containing faces are essential to intelligent visionbased human computer interaction, and research efforts in face processing include face recognition, face tracking, pose estimation, and expression recognition. However, many reported methods assume that the faces in an image or an image se ..."
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Cited by 839 (4 self)
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of its threedimensional position, orientation, and the lighting conditions. Such a problem is challenging because faces are nonrigid and have a high degree of variability in size, shape, color, and texture. Numerous techniques have been developed to detect faces in a single image, and the purpose
Least angle regression
, 2004
"... The purpose of model selection algorithms such as All Subsets, Forward Selection and Backward Elimination is to choose a linear model on the basis of the same set of data to which the model will be applied. Typically we have available a large collection of possible covariates from which we hope to s ..."
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Cited by 1326 (37 self)
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to select a parsimonious set for the efficient prediction of a response variable. Least Angle Regression (LARS), a new model selection algorithm, is a useful and less greedy version of traditional forward selection methods. Three main properties are derived: (1) A simple modification of the LARS algorithm
Variational algorithms for approximate Bayesian inference
, 2003
"... The Bayesian framework for machine learning allows for the incorporation of prior knowledge in a coherent way, avoids overfitting problems, and provides a principled basis for selecting between alternative models. Unfortunately the computations required are usually intractable. This thesis presents ..."
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Cited by 440 (9 self)
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a unified variational Bayesian (VB) framework which approximates these computations in models with latent variables using a lower bound on the marginal likelihood. Chapter 1 presents background material on Bayesian inference, graphical models, and propagation algorithms. Chapter 2 forms
Mega: molecular evolutionary genetic analysis software for microcomputers
 CABIOS
, 1994
"... A computer program package called MEGA has been developed for estimating evolutionary distances, reconstructing phylogenetic trees and computing basic statistical quantities from molecular data. It is written in C+ + and is intended to be used on IBM and IBMcompatible personal computers. In this pr ..."
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Cited by 505 (10 self)
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, new algorithms of branchandbound and heuristic searches are implemented. In addition, MEGA computes statistical quantities such as nucleotide and amino acid frequencies, transition/transversion biases, codon frequencies (codon usage tables), and the number of variable sites in specified segments
Hierarchical Packet Fair Queueing Algorithms
 IEEE/ACM Transactions on Networking
, 1997
"... In this paper, we propose to use the idealized Hierarchical Generalized Processor Sharing (HGPS) model to simultaneously support guaranteed realtime, rateadaptive besteffort, and controlled linksharing services. We design Hierarchical Packet Fair Queueing (HPFQ) algorithms to approximate HGPS ..."
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Cited by 341 (7 self)
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GPS by using onelevel variablerate PFQ servers as basic building blocks. By computing the system virtual time and per packet virtual start/finish times in unit of bits instead of seconds, most of the PFQ algorithms in the literature can be properly defined as variablerate servers. We develop techniques
Unsupervised learning of models for recognition
 In ECCV
, 2000
"... Abstract. We present a method to learn object class models from unlabeled and unsegmented cluttered scenes for the purpose of visual object recognition. We focus on a particular type of model where objects are represented as flexible constellations of rigid parts (features). The variability within a ..."
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Cited by 356 (30 self)
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Abstract. We present a method to learn object class models from unlabeled and unsegmented cluttered scenes for the purpose of visual object recognition. We focus on a particular type of model where objects are represented as flexible constellations of rigid parts (features). The variability within
A new alternating minimization algorithm for total variation image reconstruction
 SIAM J. IMAGING SCI
, 2008
"... We propose, analyze and test an alternating minimization algorithm for recovering images from blurry and noisy observations with total variation (TV) regularization. This algorithm arises from a new halfquadratic model applicable to not only the anisotropic but also isotropic forms of total variati ..."
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Cited by 224 (26 self)
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variation discretizations. The periteration computational complexity of the algorithm is three Fast Fourier Transforms (FFTs). We establish strong convergence properties for the algorithm including finite convergence for some variables and relatively fast exponential (or qlinear in optimization
Tackling realcoded genetic algorithms: operators and tools for the behavioural analysis
 Arti Intelligence Reviews
, 1998
"... Abstract. Genetic algorithms play a significant role, as search techniques for handling complex spaces, in many fields such as artificial intelligence, engineering, robotic, etc. Genetic algorithms are based on the underlying genetic process in biological organisms and on the natural evolution prin ..."
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Cited by 198 (27 self)
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principles of populations. These algorithms process a population of chromosomes, which represent search space solutions, with three operations: selection, crossover and mutation. Under its initial formulation, the search space solutions are coded using the binary alphabet. However, the good properties
A Theory of Networks for Approximation and Learning
 Laboratory, Massachusetts Institute of Technology
, 1989
"... Learning an inputoutput mapping from a set of examples, of the type that many neural networks have been constructed to perform, can be regarded as synthesizing an approximation of a multidimensional function, that is solving the problem of hypersurface reconstruction. From this point of view, t ..."
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Cited by 235 (24 self)
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of fewer variables. Kolmogorov's theorem concerning the representation of functions of several variables in terms of functions of one variable turns out to be almost irrelevant in the context of networks for learning. Wedevelop a theoretical framework for approximation based on regularization
Results 1  10
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