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Factor Graphs and the SumProduct Algorithm
 IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON INFORMATION THEORY
, 1998
"... A factor graph is a bipartite graph that expresses how a "global" function of many variables factors into a product of "local" functions. Factor graphs subsume many other graphical models including Bayesian networks, Markov random fields, and Tanner graphs. Following one simple c ..."
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Cited by 1787 (72 self)
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computational rule, the sumproduct algorithm operates in factor graphs to computeeither exactly or approximatelyvarious marginal functions by distributed messagepassing in the graph. A wide variety of algorithms developed in artificial intelligence, signal processing, and digital communications can
The xKernel: An Architecture for Implementing Network Protocols
 IEEE Transactions on Software Engineering
, 1991
"... This paper describes a new operating system kernel, called the xkernel, that provides an explicit architecture for constructing and composing network protocols. Our experience implementing and evaluating several protocols in the xkernel shows that this architecture is both general enough to acc ..."
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Cited by 663 (21 self)
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This paper describes a new operating system kernel, called the xkernel, that provides an explicit architecture for constructing and composing network protocols. Our experience implementing and evaluating several protocols in the xkernel shows that this architecture is both general enough
The Xtree: An index structure for highdimensional data
 In Proceedings of the Int’l Conference on Very Large Data Bases
, 1996
"... In this paper, we propose a new method for indexing large amounts of point and spatial data in highdimensional space. An analysis shows that index structures such as the R*tree are not adequate for indexing highdimensional data sets. The major problem of Rtreebased index structures is the over ..."
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Cited by 592 (15 self)
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and supernodes is to keep the directory as hierarchical as possible, and at the same time to avoid splits in the directory that would result in high overlap. Our experiments show that for highdimensional data, the Xtree outperforms the wellknown R*tree and the TVtree by up to two orders of magnitude. 1.
The information bottleneck method
 University of Illinois
, 1999
"... We define the relevant information in a signal x ∈ X as being the information that this signal provides about another signal y ∈ Y. Examples include the information that face images provide about the names of the people portrayed, or the information that speech sounds provide about the words spoken. ..."
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Cited by 545 (38 self)
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We define the relevant information in a signal x ∈ X as being the information that this signal provides about another signal y ∈ Y. Examples include the information that face images provide about the names of the people portrayed, or the information that speech sounds provide about the words spoken
An iterative image registration technique with an application to stereo vision
 In IJCAI81
, 1981
"... Image registration finds a variety of applications in computer vision. Unfortunately, traditional image registration techniques tend to be costly. We present a new image registration technique that makes use of the spatial intensity gradient of the images to find a good match using a type of Newton ..."
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Cited by 2872 (35 self)
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. The registration problem The translational image registration problem can be characterized as follows: We are given functions F(x) and G(x) which give the respective pixel values at each location x in two images, where x is a vector. We wish to find the disparity vector h which minimizes some measure
Functions from a set to a set
 Journal of Formalized Mathematics
, 1989
"... function from a set X into a set Y, denoted by “Function of X,Y ”, the set of all functions from a set X into a set Y, denoted by Funcs(X,Y), and the permutation of a set (mode Permutation of X, where X is a set). Theorems and schemes included in the article are reformulations of the theorems of [1] ..."
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Cited by 1094 (23 self)
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function from a set X into a set Y, denoted by “Function of X,Y ”, the set of all functions from a set X into a set Y, denoted by Funcs(X,Y), and the permutation of a set (mode Permutation of X, where X is a set). Theorems and schemes included in the article are reformulations of the theorems of [1
Directional Statistics and Shape Analysis
, 1995
"... There have been various developments in shape analysis in the last decade. We describe here some relationships of shape analysis with directional statistics. For shape, rotations are to be integrated out or to be optimized over whilst they are the basis for directional statistics. However, various c ..."
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Cited by 775 (31 self)
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to shape analysis. Note that the idea of using tangent space for analysis is common to both manifold as well. 1 Introduction Consider shapes of configurations of points in Euclidean space. There are various contexts in which k labelled points (or "landmarks") x 1 ; :::; x k in IR m are given
The homogeneous coordinate ring of a toric variety
, 1992
"... This paper will introduce the homogeneous coordinate ring S of a toric variety X. The ring S is a polynomial ring with one variable for each onedimensional cone in the fan ∆ determining X, and S has a natural grading determined by the monoid of effective divisor classes in the Chow group An−1(X) of ..."
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Cited by 478 (7 self)
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This paper will introduce the homogeneous coordinate ring S of a toric variety X. The ring S is a polynomial ring with one variable for each onedimensional cone in the fan ∆ determining X, and S has a natural grading determined by the monoid of effective divisor classes in the Chow group An−1(X
Dynamic Logic
 Handbook of Philosophical Logic
, 1984
"... ed to be true under the valuation u iff there exists an a 2 N such that the formula x = y is true under the valuation u[x=a], where u[x=a] agrees with u everywhere except x, on which it takes the value a. This definition involves a metalogical operation that produces u[x=a] from u for all possibl ..."
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Cited by 1008 (7 self)
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ed to be true under the valuation u iff there exists an a 2 N such that the formula x = y is true under the valuation u[x=a], where u[x=a] agrees with u everywhere except x, on which it takes the value a. This definition involves a metalogical operation that produces u[x=a] from u for all
Spatiotemporal energy models for the Perception of Motion
 J. OPT. SOC. AM. A
, 1985
"... A motion sequence may be represented as a single pattern in xyt space; a velocity of motion corresponds to a threedimensional orientation in this space. Motion sinformation can be extracted by a system that responds to the oriented spatiotemporal energy. We discuss a class of models for human mot ..."
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Cited by 879 (9 self)
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A motion sequence may be represented as a single pattern in xyt space; a velocity of motion corresponds to a threedimensional orientation in this space. Motion sinformation can be extracted by a system that responds to the oriented spatiotemporal energy. We discuss a class of models for human
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