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Dynamic Bayesian Networks: Representation, Inference and Learning
, 2002
"... Modelling sequential data is important in many areas of science and engineering. Hidden Markov models (HMMs) and Kalman filter models (KFMs) are popular for this because they are simple and flexible. For example, HMMs have been used for speech recognition and biosequence analysis, and KFMs have bee ..."
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Cited by 758 (3 self)
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belief propagation; a way of
applying RaoBlackwellised particle filtering to DBNs in general, and the SLAM (simultaneous localization
and mapping) problem in particular; a way of extending the structural EM algorithm to DBNs; and a variety of different applications of DBNs. However, perhaps the main
The Contourlet Transform: An Efficient Directional Multiresolution Image Representation
 IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON IMAGE PROCESSING
"... The limitations of commonly used separable extensions of onedimensional transforms, such as the Fourier and wavelet transforms, in capturing the geometry of image edges are well known. In this paper, we pursue a “true” twodimensional transform that can capture the intrinsic geometrical structure t ..."
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Cited by 510 (20 self)
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The limitations of commonly used separable extensions of onedimensional transforms, such as the Fourier and wavelet transforms, in capturing the geometry of image edges are well known. In this paper, we pursue a “true” twodimensional transform that can capture the intrinsic geometrical structure
Inductive Learning Algorithms and Representations for Text Categorization
, 1998
"... Text categorization – the assignment of natural language texts to one or more predefined categories based on their content – is an important component in many information organization and management tasks. We compare the effectiveness of five different automatic learning algorithms for text categori ..."
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Cited by 641 (8 self)
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categorization in terms of learning speed, realtime classification speed, and classification accuracy. We also examine training set size, and alternative document representations. Very accurate text classifiers can be learned automatically from training examples. Linear Support Vector Machines (SVMs
Classification in the KLONE knowledge representation system
 COGNITIVE SCIENCE
, 1985
"... KLONE lets one define and use a class of descriptive terms called Concepts, where each Concept denotes a set of objects A subsumption relation between Concepts is defined which is related to set inclusion by way of a semantics for Concepts. This subsumption relation defines a partial order on Conce ..."
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Cited by 676 (8 self)
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KLONE lets one define and use a class of descriptive terms called Concepts, where each Concept denotes a set of objects A subsumption relation between Concepts is defined which is related to set inclusion by way of a semantics for Concepts. This subsumption relation defines a partial order on Concepts, and KLONE organizes all Concepts into a taxonomy that reflects this partial order. Classification is a process that takes a new Concept and determines other Concepts that either subsume it or that it subsumes, thereby determining the location for the new Concept within a given taxonomy. We discuss these issues and demonstrate some uses of the classification algorithm.
Modeling the Shape of the Scene: A Holistic Representation of the Spatial Envelope
 International Journal of Computer Vision
, 2001
"... In this paper, we propose a computational model of the recognition of real world scenes that bypasses the segmentation and the processing of individual objects or regions. The procedure is based on a very low dimensional representation of the scene, that we term the Spatial Envelope. We propose a se ..."
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Cited by 1287 (81 self)
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In this paper, we propose a computational model of the recognition of real world scenes that bypasses the segmentation and the processing of individual objects or regions. The procedure is based on a very low dimensional representation of the scene, that we term the Spatial Envelope. We propose a
Optimally sparse representation in general (nonorthogonal) dictionaries via ℓ¹ minimization
 PROC. NATL ACAD. SCI. USA 100 2197–202
, 2002
"... Given a ‘dictionary’ D = {dk} of vectors dk, we seek to represent a signal S as a linear combination S = ∑ k γ(k)dk, with scalar coefficients γ(k). In particular, we aim for the sparsest representation possible. In general, this requires a combinatorial optimization process. Previous work considered ..."
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Cited by 626 (37 self)
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Given a ‘dictionary’ D = {dk} of vectors dk, we seek to represent a signal S as a linear combination S = ∑ k γ(k)dk, with scalar coefficients γ(k). In particular, we aim for the sparsest representation possible. In general, this requires a combinatorial optimization process. Previous work
Finding structure in time
 COGNITIVE SCIENCE
, 1990
"... Time underlies many interesting human behaviors. Thus, the question of how to represent time in connectionist models is very important. One approach is to represent time implicitly by its effects on processing rather than explicitly (as in a spatial representation). The current report develops a pro ..."
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Cited by 2028 (24 self)
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; indeed, in this approach the notion of memory is inextricably bound up with task processing. These representations reveal a rich structure, which allows them to be highly contextdependent while also expressing generalizations across classes of items. These representations suggest a method
LexicalFunctional Grammar: A Formal System for Grammatical Representation
 IN: FORMAL ISSUES IN LEXICALFUNCTIONAL GRAMMAR
, 1995
"... In learning their native language, children develop a remarkable set of capabilities. They acquire knowledge and skills that enable them to produce and comprehend an indefinite number of novel utterances, and to make quite subtle judgments about certain of their properties. The major goal of psychol ..."
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Cited by 611 (23 self)
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will incorporate a theoretically justi ed representation of the native speaker's linguistic knowledge (a grammar) as a component separate both from the computational mechanisms that operate on it (a processor) and from other nongrammatical processing parameters that might influence the processor
Dictionary of protein secondary structure: pattern recognition of hydrogenbonded and geometrical features
 Biopolymers
, 1983
"... structure ..."
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