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Revealed Preference and the Strength/Weight Hypothesis
, 2013
"... Most decisions are made in the face of uncertainty due to incomplete evidence. The strength/weight hypothesis is that people are more persuaded when that evidence is extreme (high strength) than when it is reliable (high weight), even when these two dimensions of evidence are equivalent according to ..."
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Most decisions are made in the face of uncertainty due to incomplete evidence. The strength/weight hypothesis is that people are more persuaded when that evidence is extreme (high strength) than when it is reliable (high weight), even when these two dimensions of evidence are equivalent according
The strength of weak learnability
 Machine Learning
, 1990
"... Abstract. This paper addresses the problem of improving the accuracy of an hypothesis output by a learning algorithm in the distributionfree (PAC) learning model. A concept class is learnable (or strongly learnable) if, given access to a Source of examples of the unknown concept, the learner with h ..."
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Cited by 861 (24 self)
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Abstract. This paper addresses the problem of improving the accuracy of an hypothesis output by a learning algorithm in the distributionfree (PAC) learning model. A concept class is learnable (or strongly learnable) if, given access to a Source of examples of the unknown concept, the learner
Locally weighted learning
 ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE REVIEW
, 1997
"... This paper surveys locally weighted learning, a form of lazy learning and memorybased learning, and focuses on locally weighted linear regression. The survey discusses distance functions, smoothing parameters, weighting functions, local model structures, regularization of the estimates and bias, ass ..."
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Cited by 594 (53 self)
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This paper surveys locally weighted learning, a form of lazy learning and memorybased learning, and focuses on locally weighted linear regression. The survey discusses distance functions, smoothing parameters, weighting functions, local model structures, regularization of the estimates and bias
Panel Cointegration; Asymptotic and Finite Sample Properties of Pooled Time Series Tests, With an Application to the PPP Hypothesis; New Results. Working paper
, 1997
"... We examine properties of residualbased tests for the null of no cointegration for dynamic panels in which both the shortrun dynamics and the longrun slope coefficients are permitted to be heterogeneous across individual members of the panel+ The tests also allow for individual heterogeneous fixed ..."
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Cited by 499 (13 self)
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We examine properties of residualbased tests for the null of no cointegration for dynamic panels in which both the shortrun dynamics and the longrun slope coefficients are permitted to be heterogeneous across individual members of the panel+ The tests also allow for individual heterogeneous fixed effects and trend terms, and we consider both pooled within dimension tests and group mean between dimension tests+ We derive limiting distributions for these and show that they are normal and free of nuisance parameters+ We also provide Monte Carlo evidence to demonstrate their small sample size and power performance, and we illustrate their use in testing purchasing power parity for the postâ€“Bretton Woods period+ 1.
Reexamining the Cluster Hypothesis: Scatter/Gather on Retrieval Results
, 1996
"... We present Scatter/Gather, a clusterbased document browsing method, as an alternative to ranked titles for the organization and viewing of retrieval results. We systematically evaluate Scatter/Gather in this context and find significant improvements over similarity search ranking alone. This resul ..."
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Cited by 469 (5 self)
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. This result provides evidence validating the cluster hypothesis which states that relevant documents tend to be more similar to each other than to nonrelevant documents. We describe a system employing Scatter/Gather and demonstrate that users are able to use this system close to its full potential. 1
Bayes Factors
, 1995
"... In a 1935 paper, and in his book Theory of Probability, Jeffreys developed a methodology for quantifying the evidence in favor of a scientific theory. The centerpiece was a number, now called the Bayes factor, which is the posterior odds of the null hypothesis when the prior probability on the null ..."
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Cited by 1766 (74 self)
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In a 1935 paper, and in his book Theory of Probability, Jeffreys developed a methodology for quantifying the evidence in favor of a scientific theory. The centerpiece was a number, now called the Bayes factor, which is the posterior odds of the null hypothesis when the prior probability on the null
Okapi at TREC3
, 1996
"... this document length correction factor is #global": it is added at the end, after the weights for the individual terms have been summed, and is independentofwhich terms match. ..."
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Cited by 593 (5 self)
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this document length correction factor is #global": it is added at the end, after the weights for the individual terms have been summed, and is independentofwhich terms match.
Boosting a Weak Learning Algorithm By Majority
, 1995
"... We present an algorithm for improving the accuracy of algorithms for learning binary concepts. The improvement is achieved by combining a large number of hypotheses, each of which is generated by training the given learning algorithm on a different set of examples. Our algorithm is based on ideas pr ..."
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Cited by 516 (15 self)
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presented by Schapire in his paper "The strength of weak learnability", and represents an improvement over his results. The analysis of our algorithm provides general upper bounds on the resources required for learning in Valiant's polynomial PAC learning framework, which are the best general
Inflation Forecast Targeting: Implementing and Monitoring Inflation Targets
, 1996
"... Inflation targeting is shown to imply inflation forecast targeting: the central bank's inflation forecast becomes an explicit intermediate target. Inflation forecast targeting simplifies both implementation and monitoring of monetary policy. The weight on output stabilization determines how qui ..."
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Cited by 668 (48 self)
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Inflation targeting is shown to imply inflation forecast targeting: the central bank's inflation forecast becomes an explicit intermediate target. Inflation forecast targeting simplifies both implementation and monitoring of monetary policy. The weight on output stabilization determines how
Wrappers for Feature Subset Selection
 AIJ SPECIAL ISSUE ON RELEVANCE
, 1997
"... In the feature subset selection problem, a learning algorithm is faced with the problem of selecting a relevant subset of features upon which to focus its attention, while ignoring the rest. To achieve the best possible performance with a particular learning algorithm on a particular training set, a ..."
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Cited by 1522 (3 self)
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the strengths and weaknesses of the wrapper approach andshow a series of improved designs. We compare the wrapper approach to induction without feature subset selection and to Relief, a filter approach to feature subset selection. Significant improvement in accuracy is achieved for some datasets for the two
Results 1  10
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1,411,489